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Part 1 - Administration, Interpretation and Definitions (Sections 1-54)

The City of Ottawa Zoning By-law is made available on the web site for information, however confirmation on the zoning provisions should be sought through the City’s development information officers (DIO), by contacting 311 and asking for the DIO for the geographic area in question.

This page provides the text of the Zoning By-law (Parts 1 to 16) and a link to the Schedules which are site specific illustrations of provisions (Parts 17) and Zoning Maps (Part 18). Parts 1 to 5 comprise the provisions that apply City-wide, Parts 6 to 14 are the various zoning codes, Part 15 are the list of exceptions to the zoning codes and Part 16 contains additional information. The provisions of the existing zoning by-laws are not available on the City’s web site.

Administration (Sec. 1-9)

Title

1. This by-law may be cited as the City of Ottawa Zoning By-law.

Compliance with Zoning By-law

2. No person will use any land, erect, place, alter, expand, or use any building within the territorial limits of the City of Ottawa, except in full conformity with all of the provisions of this by-law.

Non-Conformity and Non-Compliance

3. The following applies to land or buildings that are legally non-complying with this by-law:
  (1) A person may build an addition to an existing principal building, a new accessory building, or an addition to an accessory building on land that is legally non-complying with respect to lot width or lot area if:
    (a)  the addition or new accessory building conforms to all other provisions of this by-law, and
    (b)  no additional dwelling units, rooming units or secondary dwelling units are created.
  (2) A permitted use, in a building or on a lot that does not comply with the regulatory provisions of this by-law, may change to another permitted use without the need for a minor variance from the Committee of Adjustment provided that the regulatory provisions are no more restrictive for the new use.
  (3) The construction of an addition to a building or a permitted projection into a yard of a building that does not comply with the provisions of this by-law is permitted without the need for a minor variance from the Committee of Adjustment provided that:
    (a)  where compliance of certain provisions has been met with the existing building, compliance must be maintained,
    (b)  any addition or a permitted projection into a yard to a non-complying building that proposes to expand the existing non-complying building envelope must move towards compliance with the zoning regulations such that the extent of the proposed addition falls at least halfway between the required provision and existing non-complying situation, and (By-law 2011-273)
    (c)  despite 3.(3)(b), any non-compliance with building height and required parking is not increased.
  (4) Development is permitted on any vacant lot existing as of the date of the passing of this by-law and which lot is legally non-complying with respect to lot width or lot area provided:
    (a)  the proposed use is a use permitted in the zone in which the lot is located,
    (b)  the proposed use does not contravene any other zone provisions, and
    (c)  the lot is zoned AG, RR, RU, V1, V2, V3 or VM. (OMB Order, File #PL080959 issued March 19, 2010) (OMB Order, File #PL080959 issued July 28, 2009) (By-law 2014-289)
  (5) Development is permitted on a village lot existing as of June 25, 2008 and which is legally non-complying with respect to lot width or lot area provided:
    (a)  the proposed use is a use permitted in the zone in which the lot is located.
    (b)  the proposed use does not contravene any other provisions of this by-law
    (c)  the lot is zoned V1, V2, V3 or VM, and
    (d)  despite Section 3(1) in a V1, V2, V3 or VM zone a secondary dwelling unit is permitted on a lot that is legally non-complying for lot width or lot area. (By-law 2013-58)

Expropriation and Conveyance under the Planning Act

4. (1) For the purposes of determining compliance with the regulations of this by-law, in the event of an expropriation or conveyance of a part of a lot by or to the City of Ottawa or any other authority having the power of expropriation, the lot or the building or the use, as the case may be, will not be found to be in conflict with the provisions of this by-law by reason only of that expropriation or conveyance.
  (2) For the purposes of subsection (1), expropriation means expropriation by the City or any other authority having the power of expropriation, and conveyance means the taking or receiving of land by the City of Ottawa or any other authority having the power of expropriation, either in satisfaction of a condition imposed on a consent to a severance by the Committee of Adjustment or as a condition of the City of Ottawa's site plan control approval process, or any other process allowing the City of Ottawa or any other expropriation authority having jurisdiction, the right to require such a conveyance. (By-law 2014-289)

Penalties

5. The following penalties apply:
  (1) Every person who contravenes any of the provisions of this by-law and, if the person is a corporation, every director or officer of the corporation who knowingly concurs in the contravention, is guilty of an offence and on conviction is liable:
    (a)  on a first conviction, to a fine of not more than $25,000.00; and
    (b)  on a subsequent conviction, to a fine of not more than $10,000.00 for each day or part thereof upon which the contravention has continued after the day on which the person was first convicted.
  (2) Where the person convicted of a breach of any of the provisions of this by-law is a corporation, the penalty that may be imposed is:
    (a)  on a first conviction, a fine of not more than $50,000.00; and
    (b)  on a subsequent conviction a fine of not more than $25,000.00 for each day or part thereof upon which the contravention has continued after the day on which the corporation was first convicted, and not as set out in subsection (1).
  (3) Where a conviction of a breach of any of the provisions of this by-law has been entered, in addition to any other remedy or any penalty provided by law, the court in which the conviction has been entered, and any court of competent jurisdiction thereafter, may make an order prohibiting the continuation or repetition of the offence by the person convicted.

Technical Revisions to the Zoning By-law

6. Revisions may be made to this by-law without the need for a zoning by-law amendment in the following cases:
  (1) correction of numbering, cross-referencing, grammar, punctuation or typographical errors or revisions to format in a manner that does not change the intent of a provision;  (By-law 2013-224)
  (2) adding or revising technical information on maps or schedules that does not affect the zoning of lands including, but not limited to, matters such as updating and correcting infrastructure information, keys, legends or title blocks; and
  (3) changes to appendices, footnotes, headings, indices, marginal notes, tables of contents, illustrations, historical or reference information, page numbering, footers and headers, which do not form a part of this by-law and are editorially inserted for convenience of reference only.
  (4) the addition, removal or modification of a zoning code reference contained within column II of an exception found within Section 239 and 240.  (By-law 2013-224)

Commencement

7. (1) Where one or more appeals are filed under subsection 34.(19) of the Planning Act, the affected portions of this by-law do not come into force until all such appeals have been withdrawn or finally disposed of, whereupon the by-law, except for those parts of it that are repealed by or at the direction of the Ontario Municipal Board, is deemed to have come into force on the day that it was passed.
  (2) The following by-laws as amended are repealed upon the coming into force of this by-law:
    (a)  By-laws 64-82 and 1-84 of the former City of Cumberland;
    (b)  By-law 40-99 of the former Township of Goulbourn;
    (c)  By-law 333-1999 of the former City of Gloucester;
    (d)  By-laws 552, 1007-62, 28-68, 42-69, 73-76, 74-79, 125-90, 69-93, 132-93, 135-93, 138-93, 142-93, 147-93, 150-93, 153-93, 161-93, 164-93, 167-93, 168-93, 168-94, 55-95, 78-96, 55-96, and 2002-56 of the former City of Kanata;
    (e)  By-laws 73-92 and 100-2000 of the former City of Nepean;
    (f)  By-law 2003-230 of the former Township of Osgoode;
    (g)  By-law 93-98 of the former City of Ottawa;
    (h)  By-law 2380 of the former City of Vanier;
    (i)  By-law 2004-428 of the former Township of Rideau;
    (j)  By-law 2000-8 of the former Village of Rockcliffe Park; and
    (k)  By-law 266-81 of the former Township of West Carleton.

Validity

8. Should any section or provision of this by-law for any reason be declared invalid by a court of competent jurisdiction, such declaration does not affect the validity of the by-law as a whole and all the remaining sections or provisions of this by-law remain in full force and effect until repealed.

Transitions

  Residential Conversions (By-law 2014-189)
9. (1) Transition provisions for conversions affected by amending by-law 2014-189:
    (a) No provisions of amending By-law 2014-189 act to prevent the issuance of a building permit for a development located outside the areas A, identified in Schedules 323 and 324 of by-law 2008-250, and for which an application for Site Plan Control, Committee of Adjustment approval, Zoning Amendment, Cash-In-Lieu of Parking or Building Permit was received by the City on or before March 20, 2014, provided a complete application for a Building Permit is received on or before April 23, 2016.;
    (b) No provisions of amending by-law 2014-189 act to prevent the issuance of a building permit for a development at 291 and 293 Lyon Street on the basis of any zoning provision or site-specific approval in effect prior to April 23, 2014.;
    (c) These transition provisions do not apply to the areas identified as Area A on Schedule 323 and 324 of by-law 2008-250.;
    (d) Despite c), no provisions of amending by-law 2014-189 act to prevent the issuance of a building permit for a development at 99 Greenfield Avenue, 174 Glebe Avenue, 141 Main Street, 15 Oblate Avenue, 455 Green Avenue, or 136, 138, and 142 Osgoode Street on the basis of any zoning provisions or site-specific approval in effect prior to April 23, 2014; and
    (e) Despite c), Section 21 of amending by-law 2014-189 does not act to prevent the issuance of a building permit for development at 175 Main Street on the basis of Section 137 of this by-law as if read on April 22, 2014 (By-law 2014-189) (OMB Order #PL140627, issued November 17, 2015)
  AM, TM, MC 2014 Zoning Review 
  (2)

Repealed by By-law 2015-46.

           
  Subsection 111 (13), Bicycle Facility Parking Reduction 
  (3)  Repealed by By-law 2015-190 (June 9, 2017)
     
  Phase I – Low-rise Infill Housing (Section 2 of By-law 2012-147) (Repealed June 10, 2017)
         
  Phase II – Low-rise Infill Housing 
  (4) Repealed by By-law 2015-228 (July 8, 2017)
         
  South Keys to Blossom Park, Bank Street Secondary Plan (By-law 2015-293)
  (5) If a “completed application” for any one or more of a:  
    (i) Committee of Adjustment approval;
    (ii) site plan control approval, including an extension of site plan control approval;
    (iii) part lot control approval;
    (iv) approval of a draft plan of subdivision; or
    (v) building permit
    was received on or after September 22, 2013 and before September 23, 2015, the completed application, as well as any subsequent application listed in (i) to (v) above submitted prior to the issuances of a building permit, may be processed under the provisions in place prior to this amendment or under the provisions of the Zoning By-law as amended by By-law 2015-293, but in no manner can the application be processed using a mix of the pre-amendment provisions and post-amendment provisions.
    (a) For the purposes of subsection (6) above, a “complete application” means an application that would have been approved or granted on September 22, 2015 had it been processed or disposed of on that day.
    (b) Nothing in this by-law applies so as to continue the exemption provided by this subsection beyond the issuance of the approval upon which the exemption is founded; and in no case does the exemption continue beyond the repeal of this subsection.
    (c) Once the permit or approval resulting from the processing of the application noted in clause (a) has been granted, the provisions of this by-law in place on or after the day of the passing of the By-law apply to the land in question.
    (d)  This subsection is repealed two years from the date of enactment. (By-law 2015-293)  
           
           

General Rules of Interpretation (Sec. 10-28)

10.

This by-law may be cited by its long title, its short title, or by its by-law number, and any such citation is to be taken as meaning the by-law as amended.

11.

The following rules and definitions apply to this by-law, unless a contrary intention is evident from the context:

 

(1)

this by-law is written in plain language;

 

(2)

a deliberate attempt has been made to keep the words, the grammar and the syntax used as simple as possible while meeting the legal requirement for clear and precise legislation; and (By-law 2012-180)

 

12.

(1)

The system of division of the provisions of this by-law is as follows:

  

1.

section [Arabic numeral];

   

(1)

subsection [bracketed Arabic numeral];

    

(a)

clause [bracketed lower-case letter];

     

(i)

sub clause [bracketed lower-case Roman numeral]; and

      

1.

paragraph [Arabic numeral].

 

(2)

Despite subsection (1), a reference to or citation of any of the above divisions as a "section" or “subsection” does not invalidate that reference or citation, if the reference or citation is otherwise correct.

13.

The Legislation Act, 2006 applies to this by-law.(By-law 2012-334)

14.

Despite the tense used in a provision:

 

(1)

every provision of this by-law is to be applied to the circumstances as they exist at the time in question; and

 

(2)

every obligation imposed by this by-law is a continuing one so long as either the use, the circumstances, the reason for the obligation, or the events which caused, precipitated or gave rise to the obligation continue.

15.

Definitions are given in this by-law to aid in the understanding and implementation of the true spirit, intent and meaning of the by-law. They are not to be used to avoid an obligation imposed by the by-law or any requirement enacted in a substantive provision of the by-law.

16.

This by-law is remedial in nature and shall be interpreted in a benevolent manner and read and applied in a way that will ensure the effective implementation of its provisions and intent.  (By-law 2013-224)

17.

Without limiting the generality of section 16, where a situation arises that is not covered by a specific regulation, the provisions of this by-law apply by analogy to that situation, so that the application that is made of section 16 is the one that ensures the effective implementation of this by-law.

18.

Without limiting the generality of sections 16 or 17, where a situation arises that is not covered by a specific regulation, or where two or more regulations are equally applicable, all provisions must be complied with or, where it is not possible to comply with all the provisions applicable, the most restrictive provisions must be complied with.

19.

Despite section 18, where an exception, suffix, schedule or overlay applies, the provisions imposed by that exception, suffix, schedule or overlay prevail over any other provision in the zoning by-law.

20.

Where a use does not take place within a building but a regulation imposes a requirement premised on that use being in a building, the requirement applies as though the actual area occupied by the use is in a building, so that the true spirit, intent and meaning of the by-law is implemented.

21.

This by-law is gender-neutral and, accordingly, any reference to one gender includes the other.

22.

Words in the singular include the plural, and words in the plural include the singular.

23.

Unless otherwise defined, the words and phrases used in this by-law have their normal and ordinary meaning.

24.

Whether or not a word or term used in this by-law is defined, it is not included within the meaning of any other word or term used in this by-law, whether or not that other word or term is defined.

25.

A comprehensive list of all terms used to name or describe a use in the by-law is appended as Appendix A and this list is the basis for all terms used in the by-law and any amendment to the by-law.

26.

Appendices, footnotes, headings, indices, marginal notes, tables of contents, illustrations, references to former enactments or enabling legislation do not form part of the by-law and are editorially inserted for convenience of reference only.

27.

Tables are part of the by-law and are used throughout to present regulations in a concise format, and are structured with columns (vertical) and rows (horizontal) that are each numbered and titled for reference purposes.

28.

The abbreviations “m” and “m2” are used in the zoning by-law text and mean “metres” and “square metres” respectively.

Interpreting Zoning Information (Sec. 29-46)

   
 

29.

The zoning maps attached to this by-law are part of the by-law and show the different areas, called zones or subzones, into which this by-law divides the city and show the zoning codes given to these areas; and those zones or subzones may be cited by either their zone name or their zone code.

30.

The zones are designated by a zone code that is formed from one or more of the following parts:

 

(1)

the primary zone symbol;

 

(2)

the subzone symbol;

 

(3)

the exception symbol; and

 

(4)

the suffixes and schedules.

31.

The zoning maps are provided in two formats: a single electronic consolidation for the entire City; and a hard copy version dividing the City into a grid of zoning maps numbered consecutively from 1; and these zoning maps may be individually cited as “zoning map number....”.

32.

Where the boundary of any zone shown on the zoning maps:

 

(1)

follows a street, lane, utility right-of-way, railway right-of-way or watercourse, it is considered to follow the centreline of such street, lane, utility right-of-way, railway right-of-way, or watercourse;

 

(2)

substantially follows lot lines shown on the zoning maps or the electronic consolidation of the zoning map, it is considered to follow such lot lines;  (By-law 2013-224)

 

(3)

follows a street and the street is closed, the land in the said closed street is considered to be included in the zone of the adjoining land and if such street forms a boundary between two or more different zones, it is considered to follow the centreline of that closed street; and

 

(4)

passes through a lot and the distance is not indicated, it is considered to be located as measured using the scale of the zoning map.

33.

(1)

Where a lot is divided into more than one zone, each portion of the lot must be used in accordance with the provisions of the applicable zone; however, the zone boundary is not to be treated as a lot line. Where two or more regulations are equally applicable to a lot, Section 18 applies.

 

(2)

Where two zone codes are applied to a vacant school site, shown on the zoning maps separated by a diagonal line (example: I1A/R2B), the uses permitted are either those permitted in the institutional zone, subject to the institutional zone requirements; or those permitted in the other zone, subject to the requirements of that zone.

   

Interpreting the Zones and Zoning Mechanisms

    
 

34.

Purpose statements are included in each zone and:

 

(1)

are intended to assist in understanding the by-law's objectives and purpose, and in understanding the planning principles underlying the use provisions and the regulatory provisions of the zone;

 

(2)

are structured to reflect a prime objective of the by-law to implement the land-use related policies of the Official Plan;

 

(3)

contain three basic elements:

  

(a)

land use designation,

  

(b)

the link to the policy of the Official Plan, and

  

(c)

the planning objective that links the zone to the policy; and

 

(4)

are equally applicable to the subzones and exceptions zones.

 

Statements of planning intent may also be included within other provisions.

35.

(1)

The organization and structure of this by-law is set out in Table 35(A), below:

TABLE 35(A)- THE STRUCTURE OF THE BY-LAW

(I) Name of the Mechanism

(II) Description of the Mechanism

(III) Legal Effect

(IV) Where Used

(1) General and Specific Use Provisions

Regulations that apply on a broad level

Enacts provisions that apply to most uses or to a specific use in most cases

Parts 2, 3 and 5 of the Zoning By-law

(2) Primary Zone

The basic structural unit of the zoning by-law. A land use category with specific permitted uses and regulations

Regulates areas of similar or compatible land uses

Indicated by one of the symbols set out in Table 35(B), below, e.g. R1

(3) Subzone

Sub-category of primary zone

Imposes regulations to deal with the unique characteristics of an area while maintaining the purpose of the primary zone

Indicated by a letter or number added to the primary zone symbol; e.g.,R1A

(4) Overlay

An additional layer of regulation.

Imposes regulations that take precedence over the underlying zoning or over any other provisions in the by-law (heritage, flood plain area overlays)

Shown on the zoning maps by a distinctive marking (e.g., shading or hatching) and may overlap the boundaries of the underlying zones

(5) Suffix
(By-law 2015-197)

A simple form of Overlay

Unlike an overlay, which can be more complex, a suffix adds a single regulation to a zone (H- height, F-floor space index, h-Holding Zone , c – Residential Neighbourhood Commercial)

Shown by a "suffix" to the primary zone on the zoning maps (e.g., "H(30)"added to R5 adds a 30 metre height limit to that R5 zone)

(6) Schedule

A document appended to and forming part of the by-law that contains detailed regulations or complex descriptions

Imposes specific or detailed regulations that are meant to apply only in specific circumstances or to specific situations

A separate document, plan or map appended to the zoning by-law in Part 17 and indicated on the zoning maps by the schedule number; e.g., S3

(7) Exception

A modification to the zoning of a site, used only when none of the above mechanisms are appropriate. All other provisions of the by-law continue to apply.

Allows a use that would not be permitted otherwise; prohibits a use that would be permitted otherwise, or makes any modifications to the regulations applicable to the site. Contains only the provision being modified and does not repeat regulations which already apply

The text of the exception is contained in Part 15 of the by-law and the area to which the exception applies is shown on the zoning map by a number within square brackets, e.g. [1] for the urban area and [1r] for the rural area, the number in the brackets corresponding to the number of the text contained in Part 15

    
  
 

(2)

The list of primary zone names and zone codes used in the text and maps to create and identify the zones in this by-law, together with the meaning of those codes, is set out in Table 35(B), below:

   
TABLE 35(B)- LIST OF PRIMARY ZONES AND CODES

(I) Zone Name

(II) Zone Code

RESIDENTIAL ZONES

 

(1) Residential First Density Zone

R1

(2) Residential Second Density Zone

R2

(3) Residential Third Density Zone

R3

(4) Residential Fourth Density Zone

R4

(5) Residential Fifth Density Zone

R5

(6) Mobile Home Park Zone

RM

  

INSTITUTIONAL ZONES

 

(7) Minor Institutional Zone

I1

(8) Major Institutional Zone

I2

  

OPEN SPACE AND LEISURE ZONES

 

(9) Parks and Open Space Zone

O1

(10) Community Leisure Facility Zone

L1

(11) Major Leisure Facility Zone

L2

(12) Central Experimental Farm Zone

L3

  

ENVIRONMENTAL ZONE

 

(13) Environmental Protection Zone

EP

  

COMMERCIAL/MIXED USE ZONES

 

(14) Local Commercial Zone

LC

(15) General Mixed Use Zone

GM

(16) Traditional Mainstreet Zone

TM

(17) Arterial Mainstreet Zone

AM

(18) Mixed Use Centre Zone

MC

(19) Mixed Use Downtown Zone

MD

  

INDUSTRIAL ZONES

 

(20) Business Park Industrial Zone

IP

(21) Light Industrial Zone

IL

(22) General Industrial Zone

IG

(23) Heavy Industrial Zone

IH

  

TRANSPORTATION ZONES

 

(24) Air Transportation Facility Zone

T1

(25) Ground Transportation Facility Zone

T2

  

RURAL ZONES

 

(26) Agricultural Zone

AG

(27) Mineral Extraction Zone

ME

(28) Mineral Aggregate Reserve Zone

MR

(29) Rural Commercial Zone

RC

(30) Rural General Industrial Zone

RG

(31) Rural Heavy Industrial Zone

RH

(32) Rural Institutional Zone

RI

(33) Rural Residential Zone

RR

(34) Rural Countryside Zone

RU

(35) Village Mixed Use Zone

VM

(36) Village Residential First Density Zone

V1

(37) Village Residential Second Density Zone

V2

(38) Village Residential Third Density Zone

V3

  

OTHER ZONES

 

(39) Development Reserve Zone

DR

   
 

36.

Subzones are created by adding a number or a capital letter to the primary zone code, and have the effect of modifying the uses or the regulations of the primary zone to the extent set out in the text of the provisions for that subzone.

37.

Exception zones are created by adding a number in square brackets, e.g. [1], to the zone code on the zoning maps, and that have the effect of:

 

(1)

allowing a use that would not be permitted otherwise;

 

(2)

prohibiting a use that would be permitted otherwise; or

 

(3)

incorporating other modifications to the zoning by-law as are set out in the table for that exception, while retaining the un-modified provisions of the primary zone or subzone, as the case may be.

38.

Holding zones are created by adding a lower-case "h" to the zone code on the zoning maps, and that have the effect of allowing the uses set out in the corresponding text of the by-law at some time in the future, when the holding symbol is removed by an amendment to the zoning by-law once specified conditions, which are identified in the exception provisions, are met (e.g. such as conditions related to environmental, transportation, servicing matters).

39.

Height limits are created by adding to the zone code on the zoning maps:

 

(1)

an upper-case "H";

 

(2)

followed by a number in parentheses, e.g.(10), and that have the effect of limiting the height above grade, in metres, to the number indicated in parentheses; heights may also be shown in terms of height in metres above sea level, indicated by the term ‘a.s.l.’ following the number in parentheses; and

 

(3)

height limits may also be specified in a zone, subzone, exception, or provision.

40.

Floor space indices are created by adding an upper case "F" to the zone code on the zoning map followed by a number in parentheses, e.g. (1.0), and that have the effect of limiting the gross floor area that may be built on the zoned area to that which is equal to the area of the lot multiplied by the number in parentheses following the upper case "F". Floor space indices may also be specified in a zone, subzone, exception or provision.

41.

Schedules are shown by adding the letters “S” followed by a number added to the zone code on the zoning maps, and are part of the by-law and enact the regulation, the description or the map they contain.

42.

Heritage overlays are shown as a shaded area on the zoning map and referenced in the map legend, and that have the effect of invoking the general provisions covering heritage contained in Section 60 for the shaded area.

43.

Flood plain overlays are shown as a shaded area on the zoning map and referenced in the map legend, and that have the effect of invoking the general provisions covering flood plain provisions contained in Section 58 for the shaded area. Areas within the floodplain overlay which are identified as Area Specific Provisions are also shown as a different shaded area on the zoning map and referenced in the map legend and may have the effect of invoking area-specific provisions contained in Section 58(4) and (5) for the shaded area.

44.

Endnotes are attached in most instances to a Residential Subzone, as noted in Column XI of each Residential Subzone Provision Table in Part 6. These endnotes refine or modify one or more of the provisions identified in Columns III through X and are described in Additional Zoning Provisions Tables applicable to each Residential Zone category.

45.

The asterisk underscore symbol “*_” on the zoning map is used to identify those lands for which a zoning amendment is pending. (By-law 2008-326)

46. 

Residential Neighbourhood Commercial regulations apply where the zone code includes a suffix “-c”.  These regulations are contained in Section 141 of Part 5. (By-law 2015-197)

Definitions (Sec. 54)

54. In this by-law,
  - A -
  Abut means to share a common lot line, and abutting has a corresponding meaning. (contigu)
  Access means entrance to and exit from. (accès)
  Accessory means aiding or contributing in a secondary way to a principal use to carry out its function, and having regard to this definition:
  (a) an accessory use is a land use that is accessory to a principal use;
  (b) an accessory building is a building that houses an accessory use;
  (c) an accessory structure is a structure, that is not a land use, but is accessory to a principal use and this definition is broadened to include
tower antennas and satellite dishes. (accessoire) (By-law 2013-224) 
   Active entrance means: 
  (a)  In the case of a residential use building, a door that is clearly intended and designed to be the principal entrance or one of the principal entrances for use on a permanent basis by residents and visitors to enter and exit the building, and excludes emergency egress doors, garage doors, loading doors and doors giving access to garbage storage areas; 
  (b)  In the case of a non-residential building, a door that is clearly intended and designed to be the principal entrance or one of the principal entrances for use on a permanent basis by customers, employees and other building users to enter and exit the building during all regular business opening hours, and excludes emergency egress doors, garage doors, loading doors and doors giving access to garbage storage areas; 
  (c)  In the case of a mixed-use building, a door that is clearly intended and designed to be the principal entrance or one of the principal entrances for use on a permanent basis by customers, employees and other building users to enter and exit the nonresidential uses during all regular business opening hours, or to residents and visitors to enter and exit the residential uses, and excludes emergency egress doors, garage doors, loading doors and doors giving access to garbage storage areas. (entrée active) (By-law 2016-274)
     
  Additional parking means parking provided in addition to the parking required by this by-law for the use in question. (stationnement additionnel)
  Adult entertainment parlour means any premises or part thereof in which is provided, in pursuance of a trade, calling, business or occupation, live entertainment or services appealing to or designed to appeal to erotic or sexual appetites or inclinations, and includes a body rub parlour. (salon de divertissement pour adultes)
  Agricultural use means the cultivation of the soil to produce crops and the raising of farm animals, and without limiting the
generality of the foregoing includes:
  (a) the growing of crops;
  (b) nurseries, greenhouses, market gardens, orchards, vineyards, agro-forestry
operations and maple syrup production;
  (c) the keeping and raising of livestock, fowl, fish, bees or fur or wool bearing animals;
  (d) farm-based home industry involving the production of value-added or value-retained
products from produce grown or raised on-site;
  (e) a farm produce outlet selling agricultural products produced on the premises; or
  (f) uses of a farm-tourism nature that are secondary to and subordinate to the agricultural use such as:
    (i) seasonal or occasional festivals or events,
    (ii) recreational activities, or
    (iii) educational displays
  but does not include a medical marihuana production facility.  (utilisation agricole) (By-law 2014-74)
  Amenity area means the total passive or active recreational area provided on a lot for the personal, shared or communal use of the residents of a building or buildings, and includes balconies, patios, rooftop gardens and other similar features, but does not include indoor laundry or locker facilities. (aire d’agrément)
  Amusement centre means an indoor entertainment facility providing for amusement, diversion or pastime, including a video game or pinball arcade; bingo hall; bowling alley; billiard hall or pool hall. (salle de jeux)
  Amusement park means an indoor or outdoor entertainment facility providing for a range of activities and recreation, including a zoo or aquarium; electronic or mechanical rides such as a go-cart track or sports adventure and participation games such as a laser tag; paintballing; batting cage; or miniature golf facility. (parc d’attractions)
  Ancillary Use means a listed, permitted land use that is additional, secondary and complementary to a permitted principal use, but not accessory to the permitted principal use. (utilisation complémentaire)
  Animal care establishment means an establishment for the caring, grooming and training of household pets, but does not include a kennel or an animal hospital. (établissement de soins des animaux)
  Animal hospital means a facility:
  (a) operated by one or more licensed veterinarians and associated staff;
  (b) providing medical, surgical, grooming or similar services solely for household pets, but may include livestock where this use is permitted in a rural or industrial zone; and
  (c) providing shelter in conjunction with the hospital only during the period of recovery. (hôpital vétérinaire)
  Artist studio means the workplace of an artist or craftsman, including a painter, a sculptor or a photographer, where goods including jewellery or fine art such as portraits or sculptures are produced in small quantity and may be provided for sale. (atelier d’artiste)
  Assembly area means an accessory room or other place such as a ballroom, auditorium, party room, gaming room, or convention hall that is intended or used to accommodate people in a group; and assembly space and similar terms have a corresponding meaning. (aire de rassemblement)
  Attendant parking means a method of motor vehicle parking that is permitted in a hotel, on commercial parking lots or in commercial parking garages only, where an on-site parking attendant is available to manoeuvre vehicles. (stationnement avec service voiturier)
  Automated Parking System means a mechanical system which moves motor vehicles to a parking space in a parking garage without the vehicles being occupied or operated by a human being. (système automatisé de stationnement) (By-law 2016-249)
  Automobile body shop means a place where motor vehicles are repainted and major or structural repairs made. (atelier de carrosserie)
  Automobile dealership means a place where new or used motor vehicles other than heavy vehicles are displayed and sold at retail, rented or leased. (concessionnaire automobile)
  Automobile rental establishment means a place where new or used motor vehicles other than heavy vehicles are rented. (agence de location d’automobiles)
  Automobile service station means a place that:
  (a) has one or more service bays or facilities for a mechanic to service and repair motor vehicles other than heavy vehicles, which may also retail fuel and other automotive products; or
  (b) has one or more service bays which provide one or more single or specialized service product installation for motor vehicles other than heavy vehicles such as mufflers or oil changes; and
  (c) may include sales of motor vehicles other than heavy vehicles in association with the automobile service station. (station-service)
   
  - B -
  Bank means a place that provides a range of financial services and includes a trust company or other financial institution, and may include an accessory use bank machine. (banque)
  Bank machine means a principal use automated banking terminal activated by a bank customer to obtain cash withdrawals and other banking services, but does not include a bank machine that is accessory to another use. (guichet automatique bancaire)
  Bar means a licensed drinking establishment, the principal business of which is to serve any sort of beverage alcohol to the public for consumption on the premises, and includes a pub. (bar)
  Basement  means: 
  (a) within the area shown on Schedule 348, that level of a building having more than half of its floor to ceiling height below the existing average grade; and 
  (b) in all other parts of the City, that level of a building having more than half of its floor to ceiling height below grade, (sous-sol) (By-law 2015-191) (By-law 2015-281)
  Bay window means a window with at least three panels set at different angles to create a projection from the outer wall of a building, and includes a bow window. (fenêtre en baie)
 

Part 1 - Administration, Interpretation and Definitions (Sections 1-54)

  Bed and breakfast means a private residence within the whole of a residential use building that is operated to provide the traveling public with temporary accommodation including sleeping accommodation, meals and other connected services and facilities within the occupant’s dwelling unit; and does not include a hotel. (gîte touristique)
  Broadcasting studio means a radio or television studio. (station de diffusion)
  Building means a structure that has a roof, walls and a floor that stands more or less permanently in one place. (bâtiment)
  Building envelope means the three-dimensional buildable area prescribed for a building by the regulations of this by-law. (enveloppe de bâtiment)
  Part 1 - Administration, Interpretation and Definitions (Sections 1-54)
  Building height means the vertical distance between the average grade at the base of a main wall of the building and
  (a) the highest point of the roof surface, if a flat roof,
  (b) the deck line, if a mansard roof,
  (c) the mid point between the ridge if a hip, gable, shed, or gambrel roof, and the eaves of the building, excluding the eaves of any projections, or  (By-law 2013-224)
  (d) the highest point of the building or structure in all other cases,
  and height has a corresponding meaning unless otherwise defined elsewhere in this By-law. (hauteur de bâtiment)
  Part 1 - Administration, Interpretation and Definitions (Sections 1-54)
   
  - C -
  Campground means an establishment providing for the public temporary accommodation for tents, tent trailers, travel trailers, recreational vehicles and campers, but does not include a mobile home park. (terrain de camping)
  Car-sharing space means a parking space used to park a motor vehicle provided by a car-sharing service. (place de stationnement d’autopartage)
  Car-sharing service means a service that provides motor vehicles solely for the shared use of members of that service, and does not include an automobile rental establishment or automobile dealership. (service d’autopartage)
  Car wash includes a conveyor-type car wash, a drive-through automatic car wash and a manual car wash. (lave-auto)
  Catering establishment means a place where food is prepared in large quantities and is then delivered and consumed elsewhere. (établissement de traiteur)
  Cemetery includes an accessory mausoleum, columbarium and crematorium, and also includes a pet cemetery. (cimetière)
  Central Area means that area of the City described as such in the Official Plan, and more particularly shown as Area A on Schedule 1. (secteur central)
  Cinema means a place where motion pictures are exhibited for public viewing. (cinema)
  Click and collect facility  means a delivery location where on-line purchases or other products may be picked up or returned by the consumer, and may include a retail use, retail food store and personal service business, limited to a dry-cleaning outlet. (service cliquer et collecter) (By-law 2016-289)
  Commercial use means any permitted use the primary purpose of which is to sell, lease or rent a product or service directly to the public, including but not limited to retail sales, entertainment services and personal or professional services, but excluding any residential use. (utilisation commerciale)
  Community centre means a multi-purpose facility that offers a variety of programs of a recreational, cultural, day care, social, community service, informational or instructional nature, and may include, as a portion of it, a medical facility. (centre communautaire)
  Community health and resource centre means a place where members of the public are provided with health services, social support services, cultural, social or recreational programs or life/work skills training programs and where neither overnight care nor living accommodation is available. (centre de santé et de ressources communautaire)
  Convenience store means a retail store where a range of day-to-day items such as newspapers, confections, foodstuffs, sundries and other such household items are sold in small quantities. (dépanneur)
  Conversion means the alteration of, but not demolition of a residential use building to increase the number of principal dwelling units or rooming units, resulting in the creation of a use which must be a permitted use in the zone and does not include the creation or addition of a secondary dwelling unit, and the converted has a corresponding meaning. (conversion) (By-law 2009-392)

Corner side wall means the main exterior wall of a residential use building that is not a permitted projection or an attached garage or carport, which is located closest to the corner side lot line (mur latéral d’angle) (By-law 2014-80)
  Correctional facility includes a place of secure temporary detention and a place of secure custody such as a secure custody group home. (établissement correctionnel)
  Council means the Council of the City of Ottawa. (Conseil)
  Crematorium includes a pet crematorium. (crematorium)
   
  - D -
  Day care means a place providing temporary care for any individual for a continuous period not exceeding twenty-four hours, but does not include the services of a health care practitioner. (centre de jour)
  Development includes re-development; and develop and developing have corresponding meanings. (aménagement)
  Diplomatic mission means a residential use building  of the accredited head or member of the diplomatic mission of a recognized foreign or Commonwealth state having diplomatic or official status in Canada, and may include:  (By-law 2015-190)
  (a) an office accessory to and in conjunction with the diplomatic residence; and
  (b) a security hut. (mission diplomatique)
  Display and sales area means an area of a building which is:
  (i) accessory to a permitted use in that building;
  (ii) primarily used for the display of samples, patterns or other goods and
  (iii) wherein orders are taken for merchandise which is stored in bulk in part of that building for future delivery to its customers. (local d’exposition et de vente)
  Dog run means an enclosed outdoor extension of one or more dogs’ individual indoor living space in association with a kennel. (courette)
  Drive-through facility means a premises used to provide or dispense products or services through an attendant or a window or an automated machine, to persons remaining in vehicles that are in a designated queuing space, and may be in combination with other land uses. (service au volant)
  Driveway means a private way used for vehicular access from a parking space or parking lot to a public street, and includes a right-of-way, or any land used to access other land. (entrée de cour)
  Dwelling includes: ( habitation)
  (a) Apartment Dwelling, Low Rise means a residential use building that is four or fewer storeys in height and contains four or more principal dwelling units, other than a townhouse dwelling or Stacked Dwelling.   (un immeuble d'appartements de faible hauteur) (By-law 2013-54) (By-law 2012-334) (By-law 2014-189) 
  (b) Apartment Dwelling, Mid-High Rise means a residential use building that is more than four storeys in height and contains four or more principal dwelling units, other than a townhouse dwelling or Stacked Dwelling. (un immeuble d’appartements de moyenne à grande hauteur) (By-law 2013-54) (By-law 2012-334) (By-law 2014-189) (Subject to By-law 2014-292)
  (c) Bunk House Dwelling means a seasonal dwelling for the housing of temporary farm workers and includes a kitchen, bathroom and communal sleeping facilities. (pavillon-dortoir)
  (d) Coach House means a separate dwelling unit that is subsidiary to and located on the same lot as an associated principal dwelling unit, but is contained in its own building that may also contain uses accessory to the principal dwelling. (annexe résidentielle) (By-law 2016-356)
  (e) Detached Dwelling means a residential use building that contains only one principal dwelling unit. (une habitation isolée)
  (f) Duplex Dwelling means a residential use building containing two principal dwelling units that are divided horizontally. (un duplex)
  (g) Dwelling Unit means a residential unit that:
    (i)    consists of a self-contained set of rooms located in a building or structure;
    (ii)   is used or intended for use as a residential premises by a single housekeeping unit; (By-law 2015-190)
    (iii)  contains kitchen and bathroom facilities that are intended for the use of the unit only; and
    (iv)  is not a mobile home or any vehicle. (un logement))
  (h) Linked-detached Dwelling means a residential use building containing two detached dwelling units that are only connected by the foundation, with each unit having lot frontage except where located within a planned unit development. (une habitation isolée à fondations reliées)
  (i) Townhouse Dwelling means a residential use building containing three or more attached principal dwelling units divided vertically.  (une habitation multifamiliale contiguë) (By-law 2012-334)
  (j) Semi-detached Dwelling means a residential use building containing two attached principal dwelling units that are divided vertically, with each unit having lot frontage except where located within a planned unit development. (une habitation jumelée)
  (k) Stacked Dwelling means a residential use building of four or fewer storeys in height containing four or more principal dwelling units where the units in each pair are divided horizontally, and the pairs are divided vertically, and in which each dwelling unit has an independent entrance to the interior. (une habitation superposée)
  (l) Secondary Dwelling Unit means a separate dwelling unit subsidiary to and located in the same building as an associated principal dwelling unit; and its creation does not result in the creation of a semi-detached dwelling, duplex dwelling, three-unit dwelling. (un logement secondaire) (By-law 2014-189) 
  (m) Three-unit Dwelling means a residential use building containing three principal dwelling units divided horizontally or a combination of horizontally and vertically. (un triplex) (By-law 2013-54)
   
  - E -
  Emergency service includes police, fire, ambulance or paramedic services. (service d’urgence)
  Environmental preserve and educational area means a natural area used for environmental research, observation and education that does not include a building, but may include weather protection shelters, boardwalks, observation platforms, pedestrian bridges, educational displays as well as other similar outdoor structures provided for incidental or complementary leisure activities such as hiking and bird watching. (aire de conservation et d’éducation environnementale)
  Equestrian establishment means a commercial establishment where horses are housed or boarded and are available for riding, riding instruction, agility training or jumping. (centre équestre)
  Existing means existing as of the date of the enactment of the provision that contains that word. (existant, actuel, en vigueur)
   
  - F -
  Fairground means lands where fairs, circuses or exhibitions are held primarily outdoors, and includes any accessory and temporary buildings. (champ de foire)
 
Flood fringe means the outer portion of the flood plain between the floodway and the limit of the regulatory flood. Flood depths and velocities are generally less severe in the flood fringe than those experienced in the floodway. (zone périphérique) [OMB File PL090070 issued on May 22, 2009] (By-law 2009-161)
  Flood plain has the same meaning as it has under the Conservation Authorities Act, and the regulations made under that Act, both as amended or re-enacted from time to time. (plaine inondable)
  Flood proofed means those established technical measures for buildings, structures or properties prone to flooding, which are implemented to reduce or eliminate flood damage. Flood proofed non-residential uses and alterations to existing non-conforming uses may incorporate wet passive measures. (protégé contre les inondations) [OMB File PL090070 issued on May 22, 2009] (By-law 2009-161)
 
Flood way –means the channel of a watercourse and the inner portion of the flood plain where flood depths and velocities are generally higher than those experienced in the flood fringe. The floodway represents that area required for the safe passage of flood flow and/or that area where flood depths and/or velocities are considered to be such that they pose a potential threat to life and/or property damage. (canal de crue) [OMB File PL090070 issued on May 22, 2009] (By-law 2009-161)
  Floor space index means the ratio of the gross floor area of a building to the total area of the lot on which the building is located. (rapport plancher-sol) (By-law 2008-326)
  Footprint means the area of the ground floor of a building, measured from the exterior of the outermost walls, including an attached garage but excluding any projections.  (l’empreinte) (By-law 2016-356)
  Forestry operation means land used for the development, management and cultivation of timber resources grown on-site and may include the establishment of an accessory portable sawmill. (opération forestière)
  Frontage means that part of a lot that abuts an improved public street. (façade de terrain)
  Front wall means the main exterior wall of a residential use building that is not a permitted projection or an attached garage or carport, which is located closest to the front lot line. (mur avant)
 

Funeral home includes an ancillary visitation centre and place of worship, and may also include a crematorium and cemetery. (salon funéraire)

Part 1 - Administration, Interpretation and Definitions (Sections 1-54)

   
  - G -
  Garden centre means an outdoor or indoor area used primarily for the display and retail sales of plants, gardening and landscaping supplies and equipment. (centre de jardinage)
  Garden suite means a one-unit, self-contained and portable detached residential structure that is ancillary to and on the same lot as a detached, linked-detached or semi-detached dwelling, and excludes a trailer as defined herein. (pavillon-jardin)
  Gas bar means a place that retails automotive fuel along with small amounts of other automotive-related products such as pre-packaged motor oil or windshield washer anti-freeze, and may include the accessory sale of convenience items or food. (poste d’essence)
  Golf course includes an outdoor golf driving range. (terrain de golf)
  Grade means the average elevation of the finished level of the ground adjoining all the walls of a building. (niveau du sol)
  Gross floor area means the total area of each floor whether located above, at or below grade, measured from the interiors of outside walls and including floor area occupied by interior walls and floor area created by bay windows, but excluding;
 
(a)
floor area occupied by shared mechanical, service and electrical equipment that serve the building; (By-law 2008-326)
  (b) common hallways; corridors; stairwells, elevator shafts and other voids; steps and landings; (By-law 2008-326)
 
(c)
bicycle parking; motor vehicle parking or loading facilities;
  (d) common laundry, storage and washroom facilities that serve the building or tenants;
 
(e)
common storage areas that are accessory to the principal use of the building; (By-law 2008-326)
 
(f)
common amenity area and play areas accessory to a principal use on the lot; and (By-law 2008-326)
  (g) living quarters for a caretaker of the building. (surface de plancher hors oeuvre brute)
  Gross leasable floor area means the total floor area designed for tenant occupancy and exclusive use, measured from the interiors of outside walls excluding floor area occupied by party walls and excluding:
  (a) floor area occupied by mechanical, service and electrical equipment that serve the building;
  (b) hallways; corridors; stairwells, elevator shafts and other voids; steps and landings;
  (c) pedestrian malls serving as a common area between stores;
  (d) administration or management offices;
  (e) bicycle parking; motor vehicle parking or loading facilities;
  (f) common washroom facilities that serve the building or tenants;
  (g) storage areas that are accessory to the principal use of the building; and
  (h) living quarters for a caretaker of the building. (superficie brute de location)
  Ground floor means that floor at or nearest grade. (rez-de-chaussée)
  Group home  means a supervised residential use building in which three to ten persons, exclusive of their dependants and of any staff, live as a group in a single household living arrangement, and where residents require support or supervision on a daily basis, but excludes correctional facilities and shelters.  (foyer de groupe) (By-law 2014-94)
   
  - H -
  Heavy equipment and vehicle sales, rental and servicing includes the sale, rental, servicing and accessory storage of heavy vehicles including farm vehicles or equipment, and transport trucks or trailers. (vente, location et entretien de matériel et de poids lourds)
  Heavy industrial use means:
  (a) the manufacture or processing of products from raw materials; or
  (b) the production or use of flammable, explosive or other hazardous materials; and,
  (c) the storage of these products and materials. (utilisation d’industrie lourde) (By-law 2010-307) (By-law 2010-237)
  Heavy vehicle means a commercial motor vehicle as defined in the Highway Traffic Act, as amended or re-enacted from time to time, and includes a bus and any other passenger motor vehicle with capacity for more than ten passengers, fire apparatus, road-building machine or farm vehicle as defined in that Act, and all other types of construction equipment, but excludes a motor vehicle. (poids lourd) (By-law 2010-377)
  Home-based business means one or more businesses operated by a resident as secondary and subordinate uses to a residence or farm, and includes a home-based day care. (entreprise à domicile)
  Hotel includes a motel, a motor hotel and an apartment hotel. (hôtel)
  Hydronic Heater means a manually loaded solid fuel burning device that is located outdoors or in a structure not used for human habitation, and is used for the heating of buildings, water or other such purpose on the same lot. (chauffage hydronique(By-law 2012-344)
   
  - I -
  Instructional facility means a business that provides practical instruction or training in an art, hobby, skill or trade; and includes things commonly referred to as a dance or music school or studio, a computer training facility, an art or craft school or studio, a martial arts school and any other similar school or similar studio. (établissement d’instruction)
   
  - K -
  Karaoke bar – means a place of assembly composed of private rooms that may be reserved by groups of people to undertake karaoke. (karaoké) (By-law 2017-148)
  Kennel means a building, structure or premises or portion of any of the foregoing, used for the raising or housing of five or more dogs or five or more cats, over the age of four months. (chenil)
  Kennel structure includes dog pens, dog runs and other dog enclosures, but excludes perimeter fencing of the site. (structure de chenil)
   
  - L -
  Land includes land under water. (bien-fonds)
  Landscaped area means that part of a lot located outdoors that is used for the placement of any or a combination of the following elements: (By-law 2014-94)
  (a) soft landscaping consisting of vegetation such as trees, shrubs, hedges, ornamental plantings, grass and ground cover;
  (b) hard landscaping consisting of non-vegetative materials such as brick, pavers, rock, stone, concrete, tile and wood, excluding monolithic concrete and asphalt and any area used for parking, and including such features as a walkway, patio, deck or in-ground pool; and
  (c) architectural elements consisting of decorative fencing, walls, sculptures, gazebos, trellises, planters, benches and other similar features. (espace paysagé) 
  Landscaped buffer means a landscaped area located inside and along the perimeter of a lot intended to screen or separate land uses either from one another or from a public street. (zone tampon paysagée)(OMB Order, #PL080959 issued September 18, 2009)
  Library means a public, lending library. (bibliothèque)
  Light industrial use means;
  (a) the manufacture from previously prepared materials of finished parts or finished products;
  (b) factory or assembly-line processes that involve the manufacture, processing, assembly or packaging of finished parts or finished products made from previously prepared materials; or
  (c) the repair or servicing of such products. (utilisation d’industrie légère) (By-law 2010-237)
  Livestock units means the equivalent values for various types of animals and poultry based on manure production and production cycles as set out in the minimum distance separation formulae of the Province of Ontario Ministry of Agriculture and Food. (unité animale)
  Loading space means an off-street space or berth used for loading or unloading people or things from a motor vehicle. (place de chargement)
  Lot means all contiguous land under one ownership and includes:
  (a) corner lot which means a lot situated at the intersection of two or more streets or at the intersection of two parts of the same street, which parts have an interior angle of intersection of not more than one hundred and thirty-five degrees (135°);
  (b) through lot which means a lot bounded on two opposite sides by streets, provided that if any lot qualifies both as a through lot and a corner lot as defined herein, such lot is considered to be a corner lot for purposes of applying the zoning by-law; and
  (c) interior lot which means a lot other than a corner lot and a through lot. (lot)
    Part 1 - Administration, Interpretation and Definitions (Sections 1-54) Part 1 - Administration, Interpretation and Definitions (Sections 1-54)
  Lot coverage means that part of a lot covered by building but does not include:
  (a) an eaves or eaves trough or any other feature that is located at or above the ceiling of the first storey; or
  (b) any projection permitted under Section 65. (surface construite)
 

Lot depth means the horizontal distance measured between the midpoint of the front lot line and the midpoint of the rear lot line. (profondeur du lot)

Part 1 - Administration, Interpretation and Definitions (Sections 1-54)

  Lot line means the boundary of a lot, and includes:
  (a) front lot line which means that lot line, not including a corner lot line, which abuts a street for the shortest distance, whether or not that line jogs or curves, and extending between the side lot lines, more or less for the full width of the lot, and where more than one such lot line exists, means a lot line which abuts the same street as the front lot line of an abutting lot; (By-law 2008-462)
  (b) rear lot line which means the lot line furthest from and opposite the front lot line but if there is no such line, that point furthest from and opposite the front lot line; and
  (c) side lot line which means a lot line other than a front lot line, a corner lot line, or a rear lot line. (By-law 2008-462)
  (d) corner lot line which means that lot line that abuts a street and is also one line of a conveyed corner sight triangle, or a sight triangle included as part of a road on a plan of subdivision. (ligne de lot) (By-law 2008-462)
 

Lot width means the horizontal distance between the side lot lines measured at right angles to the lot depth, from a point that is equal to the front yard setback requirement for the zone. (largeur de lot)

Part 1 - Administration, Interpretation and Definitions (Sections 1-54)

   
  - M -
  Marine facility means a principal use facility located within or abutting a water body, that is designed and intended to moor, berth or store boats or other watercraft, and includes a boat launch, boat lift, pier, dock, wharf or boathouse and does not include space for human habitation or a commercial service or repair operation. (installation nautique)
  Medical facility means a place where a medical doctor, dentist or other legally qualified health care practitioner has his or her practice, and includes a medical or dental laboratory. (clinique)
  Medical marihuana production facility means a federally-licensed facility used for the cultivation, processing, testing, destruction, packaging or shipping of marihuana used for medical purposes as permitted under the federal government’s Marihuana for Medical Purposes Regulations or any subsequent legislation which may be enacted in substitution thereof. (Installation de production de marihuana à des fins médicales  (By-law 2014-74)
  Mezzanine meansa storey that forms a partial level of a building, such as a balcony. (mezzanine)
  Military and police training facility includes outdoor facilities such as shooting ranges, driving circuits, obstacle courses and equipment testing areas and may also include as an ancillary or accessory use indoor facilities such as a training centre, place of assembly or research and development centre. (établissement de formation militaire et policière)
  Mineral extraction operation includes a pit, quarry or underground mining operation and aggregate related uses including an asphalt plant and a concrete batching plant. (entreprise d’extraction de minerai) (By-law 2010-307)
  Mixed use building means a form of development in which a building contains both residential and non-residential uses, and mixed use development has the same corresponding meaning (bâtiment à utilisations polyvalentes) (By-law 2010-123)
  Mobile home means a residence that is designed and manufactured to be transported on its own chassis and is equipped for year-round occupancy. (maison mobile)
  Mobile home park means two or more occupied mobile homes housed on the same lot, but does not include a campground or mobile homes permitted to locate on the same lot in an AG- Agricultural Zone. (parc de maisons mobiles)
  Mobile home site means an area of land within a mobile home park that is designed to accommodate onemobile home. (emplacement de maison mobile)
  Motor vehicle includes an automobile, motorcycle, recreational vehicle, motorized boat, motorized snow vehicle and any other vehicle propelled or driven otherwise than by muscular power, but excludes a heavy vehicle. (véhicule à moteur)
  Municipal means the City of Ottawa, and municipality has a corresponding meaning. (municipal)
  Municipal service centre means a client service centre operated by the City of Ottawa and may include a community police centre. (centre de services municipaux)
  Museum includes a public art gallery or a public archives. (musée)
 

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  - N -
  Nightclub means a place where food or drink may be served and has an open floor area used for dancing to music, and viewing musical performances or other forms of entertainment. (boîte de nuit) (By-law 2008-343)
  Non-complying means a use of land that is listed as a permitted use in the zone in which it is located, but which enjoys a limited immunity from the regulatory provisions of the by-law because the law analogous to Section 34.(9), Planning Act (R.S.O. 1990), but applicable to the regulation of site conditions rather than use, protects the existing site conditions as long as those site conditions are not changed. (non respectueuse)
  Non-conforming means a use of land that is not listed as a permitted use in the zone in which it is located but which is tolerated because Section 34.(9), Planning Act (R.S.O. 1990) allows it to continue so long as the useis not changed or discontinued from the date when the zoning by-law was passed. (non conforme)
  Non-residential building means a form of development in which a building contains any type or combination of permitted non-residential uses, and non-residential development has the same corresponding meaning (bâtiment non residential) (By-law 2010-123)
  Normal high water mark means the mark made by the action of water under natural conditions on the shore or bank of a watercourse or waterbody, the action having been so common or usual or so long continued that it has created a distinction in the general terrestrial vegetation, in changes in soil characteristics or by the edge of some embankment particularly scored by the action of water. It is a variable line in characteristic indicators and distinctiveness, and it is identified by the consideration of all visible evidence, not alone by one indicator, as located by an Ontario Land Surveyor. (laisse des hautes eaux ordinaire)
 

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  - O -
  Office means a place used by an agency, business or organization for:
(a) the transaction of administrative, clerical, data processing or management business;
(b) the practice of a profession other than a medical facility; or
(c) the provision of government or social services and other similar services. (bureau)
  Official Plan means the Official Plan of the City of Ottawa, as amended from time to time. (Plan officiel)
  Outdoor commercial patio means an outdoor seating area, operated as part of a restaurant, bar, place of assembly or nightclub. (terrasse commerciale) (By-law 2012-334)
  Owner includes a tenant or other lawful occupant. (propriétaire)
 

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  - P -
  Park includes a playground, sports field, botanical garden, outdoor public swimming pool or parkway, and may also include accessory buildings or structures such as a maintenance building, washroom or canteen. (parc)
  Parking garage means a building used for the parking of four or more motor vehicles, but excludes a parking garage accessory to a detached, linked-detached, semi-detached, or duplex dwelling. (garage de stationnement)
  Parking lot means a lot or place other than a building used for the parking of four or more motor vehicles, which includes the parking spaces, aisles and driveways, but excludes the interior landscaped islands and medians, the required perimeter landscaped buffer to a lot line, and an area used solely for the display of vehicles for sale. (parc de stationnement) (OMB Order, File #PL080959 issued September 18, 2009)
  Parking space means a rectangular area exclusive of any aisles or driveways used for the parking of one motor vehicle. (place de stationnement)
  Parkway means a scenic access road through a park. (promenade)
  Permitted use means a use permitted by this By-law. (utilisation permise)
  Personal service business means a place where:
  (a) a service is performed for the personal grooming and personal effects or clothing of the consumer, including a hair styling salon; tattoo and piercing parlours; spa; tanning salon; shoe repair shop; dry cleaning outlet and accessory dry cleaning equipment; laundromat; tailor shop or dressmaker shop; or massage therapy service but excluding a body rub parlour;
  (b) a consultation or information service is provided by a professional, other than a medical professional, including a travel agency or an interior decorator, or
  (c) other personal or business services are provided, including a printing, publishing, photocopying, picture framing or photofinishing service, including self-service operations. (entreprise de services personnels)
  Pit means land or land under water from which unconsolidated aggregate is being or has been excavated, and that has not been rehabilitated, but does not include a wayside pit. (puits d’extraction)
  Place includes lands, buildings or structures. (lieu(x), endroit, locaux)
  Place of assembly means a place designed and used to accommodate gatherings of people such as clubs, karaoke bars, escape rooms, reception halls, conference centres, legion halls, assembly halls and lodges, and for events such as trade shows, banquets, and political or other conventions. (lieu de rassemblement)  (By-law 2017-148)
  Planned unit development means two or more residential use buildings on the same lot, but does not include:
  (a) garden suite or coach house; (By-law 2016-356)
  (b) more than one detached dwelling, mobile home or bunk house dwelling for farm help permitted to locate on the same lot in an AG-Agricultural Zone, and
  (c) accessory buildings on a lot where they are otherwise permitted. (complexe immobilier)
  Post-secondary educational institution includes a:
  (a) university which means a place of higher education, which has a body of teachers and students on the premises, and that offers instruction at the undergraduate level, post-graduate level, or both, and which is empowered by law to grant a degree upon the successful completion of a prescribed course of study;
  (b) college which means a college of applied arts and technology or other similar place of post secondary education which has a body of teachers and students on the premises, and that provides instruction in business, a trade, or a craft; and that is empowered by law to grant diplomas, licenses or certificates that permit the holders to represent themselves as qualified to work in a particular trade or occupation; or
  (c) any residential use buildings, dwelling units or rooming units ancillary to and located on the same lotas a university or college. (établissement d’enseignement postsecondaire)
  Principal means the primary use of land, buildings, structures, or architectural features.  (principale)  (By-law 2014-289)
  Private way means a privately-owned driveway, aisle or parking lot that leads to a public street, including a privately-owned driveway, aisle or parking lot within a planned unit development that leads to a public street.(voie privée) (By-law 2010-307)
  Production studio means a place where the master copy of an audio or video performance or presentation is made. (studio de production)
  Public means equally open and available to all who choose, and does not denote ownership. (public)
  Public lane means a public right-of-way that provides a secondary means of access from a public street toabutting lots. (allée publique)
  Public service area means the area served by City-owned and operated water and wastewater services, including the urban area, the parts of the rural area on central services and the parts of the rural area serviced by smaller-scale City facilities. (zone de services publics)
  Public street means a highway which has been opened, assumed and dedicated by the City of Ottawa, or a King's or Queen's highway over which the City of Ottawa has been given administrative control or jurisdiction, but does not include a public lane. (rue publique)
  Putrescible means able to decompose quickly enough to cause odours and attract flies, such as putrescible waste. (putrescible)
 

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  - Q -
  Quarry means land or land under water from which consolidated aggregate is being or has been excavated, and that has not been rehabilitated, but does not include a wayside quarry. (carrière)
 

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  - R -
  Rapid transit network means an interconnecting system of rights-of-way and corridors in which the stations, roadbeds, rail beds or other related facilities including park and ride and maintenance facilities used for apublic rapid transit service may be located. (réseau de transport en commun rapide)
  Recreational and athletic facility  means a public place designed and equipped with facilities such as a swimming pool, squash or tennis courts, sports arena, gymnasia, weight-lifting and exercise rooms and used for recreational, fitness or athletic pastimes and / or used to provide instruction in such pastimes, and may include an ancillary sports field.  (installation récréative et sportive) (By-law 2015-190)
  Research and development centre means a place used for systematic research, data collection and manipulation, or technical or scientific development of information or new products, and may include a research laboratory; but excludes industrial and manufacturing operations other than those required as part of the research. (centre de recherche-développement)
  Residential care facility means an establishment providing supervised or supportive in-house care for those who need assistance with daily living, that may also provide on-going medical or nursing care or counselling and social support services and which may include services such as medical, counselling, and personal services. (établissement de soins pour bénéficiaires internes)
  Residential use building means a converted or purpose-built building comprised solely of dwelling units, rooming units, or any of them and includes detached; linked-detached; semi-detached; duplex, three-unit dwellings, townhouse dwellings, stacked dwellings, apartment dwelling, low-rise, and apartment dwelling, mid-high rise, rooming houses, rooming houses, converted, bunk house dwelling, group homes, retirement homes; and retirement homes, converted; and residential use and residential premises have corresponding meanings. (bâtiment à utilisation résidentielle) (By-law 2012-334)
  Residential zone means the R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, RM, RR, V1, V2 or V3 zones. (zone résidentielle)
  Restaurant includes a:
  (a) Fast-food restaurant which means a restaurant that sells food and beverages over a counter to its customers for consumption in the restaurant, for consumption in a motor vehicle on the premises, or for consumption off the premises;
  (b) Full-service restaurant which means a restaurant that sells and serves food and beverages to patrons seated at tables, for consumption on the premises; and
  (c) Take-out restaurant which means a restaurant that does not have seating capacity for diners and instead:
    (i) sells food and beverages over the counter for pick-up by the consumer for consumption off the premises, or
    (ii) delivers food and beverages directly to the consumer for consumption off the premises, whether located in a building a motor vehicle or a trailer. (restaurant)
  Retail food store means a store where primarily food, as well as other personal, convenience and household items and services, is provided for sale directly to the public and includes a supermarket, butcher shop, bakery shop, produce outlet, delicatessen or farmer’s market. (magasin d’alimentation au détail)
  Retail store means a place where consumer goods are displayed for sale or rent, or sold directly to the publicfor the purchaser's own use, and includes a garden centre and a home sales display court. (magasin de détail)
  Retirement home  means a building or a part of a building containing rooming units or a combination of rooming and dwelling units, providing residence mostly to senior citizens who do not require assistance with daily living, and which may provide ancillary health, personal service, and recreational services to serve the residents of the home, and may have up to 25 per cent of its gross floor area devoted to providing supervised or supportive in-house care for those who need assistance with daily living including on-going medical care, nursing care, counselling and social support services.  (maison de retraite) (By-law 2016-131)
  Retirement home, converted means the whole of a residential use building or the whole or part of any otherbuilding that was converted to a retirement home. (maison convertie en maison de retraite)
  Rooming house means a principal dwelling within the whole of a residential use building that contains at least four rooming units, and which may also contain dwelling units and an administration office accessory to the operation of the house. (maison de chambres)
  Rooming house, converted means the whole of a residential use building or the whole or part of any otherbuilding that was converted to a rooming house. (maison convertie en maison de chambres)
  Rooming unit means a room, or a suite of rooms, that constitutes a separate, independent residential occupancy, but which is not self-contained and which requires access to other parts of the principal dwelling or building intended to serve the residents, including shower or bathtub facilities, kitchens, eating areas or bathrooms. (chambre) (By-law 2008-326)
  Rural zone means the AG, ME, MR, RC, RG, RH, RI, RR, RU, VM, V1, V2 and V3 Zones. (zone rurale)
 

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  - S -
  Satellite dish means a parabolic antenna used to receive communications signals from a satellite. (antenne parabolique)
  School has the same meaning as in the Education Act, and includes any other place of primary, elementary, or secondary education which has a body of teachers and students on the premises, and that provides instruction in the primary, elementary or secondary courses of study authorized or approved by the Minister of Education for Ontario, and also includes adult education and English or French as a second language programs. (école)
  Security hut means a small, detached building used to provide shelter for a security guard at a diplomatic mission. (guérite)
  Service and repair shop means a place where personal effects and household goods and appliances are repaired, but does not include the repair of large equipment such as motor vehicles, heavy equipment or heavy motors. (atelier de service et de réparation)
  Shelter means an establishment providing temporary accommodation to individuals who are in immediate need of emergency accommodation and food, and may include ancillary health care, counselling and social support services. (refuge)
  Shopping centre means a group of predominantly commercial and service occupancies that:
  (a) is designed, developed and managed as a unit whether by a single owner or a group of owners or tenants acting in collaboration;
  (b) is either in a single building or in multiple buildings on the same lot or abutting lots, and shall be considered as one lot for zoning purposes; (OMB Order, File #PL080959 issued June 1, 2010)
  (c) is made up entirely of uses permitted or lawful non-conforming on the site;
  (d) has a minimum size greater than a cumulative total of 2,000 square metres of gross leasable floor area; and has either:(i) a common parking lot or parking garage or a combination thereof; or(ii) a group of parking lots or parking garages or a combination thereof which are managed as a unit by the same owner, owners or tenants of the commercial and service occupancies required in subparagraph (a) above, and are on the same lot or lots as the commercial and service occupancies required in subparagraph (a) above. (centre commercial)
  Small batch brewery means a place that offers an individual member of the general public the location, the material and the equipment with which to make beer or wine for that individual’s own personal use. (brasserie artisanale)
  Snow disposal facility means a facility to which snow is transported for storage from other off-site locations. (décharge à neige)
  Solid waste disposal facility means a facility providing for the long-term storage or destruction of municipal solid waste, and includes a landfill site or an incinerator. (décharge)
  Sports arena includes a rink, arena or sports stadium. (établissement sportif)
  Storage yard means land used for outdoor storage, including:
  (a) the storage of vehicles, including an automobile salvage operation or scrap yard;
  (b) the storage of road maintenance material such as gravel or sand;
  (c) the storage of construction, building or landscaping material; and
  (d) the storage of heavy vehicles or construction equipment, and includes an accessory maintenance garage used for the service and repair of the stored vehicles and equipment. (cour d’entreposage)
  Storey means a level of a building included between the surface of a floor and the ceiling or roof immediately above it, and includes a mezzanine but does not include a basement. (étage)  (By-law 2015-191)
  Street means a public street. (rue)
  Structure means something constructed. (construction)
 

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  - T -
  Technology industry means an operation where advanced or sophisticated devices especially in the fields of electronics and computers are manufactured, assembled, packaged or stored in an office, studio or laboratory setting. (industrie de haute technologie)
  Theatre means a place where live theatrical performances or concerts are given on a stage before an audience. (théâtre)
  Top of bank means a boundary where a majority of normal discharges and channel forming activities takes place. The top of bank boundary will contain the active stream channel, active floodplain, and their associated banks. (sommet de la rive)
  Trailer means any vehicle constructed to be attached to and propelled by a motor vehicle and that is capable of being used by persons for living, sleeping, working or eating, even if the vehicle is jacked-up or its running gear is removed. (caravane)
  Training centre means a place where an employer provides job-related training or instruction to its employees that is designed to improve job performance or enhance the career advancement opportunities of those employees. (centre de formation)
 

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  - U -
  Urban agriculture – means a garden for the production of plants including vegetables, fruits, grains, flowers or herbs and includes a community garden. (agriculture urbaine) (By-law 2017-148)
  Use means a use of land for any purpose; and “used” and “using”, and other such forms of the word, have a corresponding meaning. (utilisation)
  Utility means an entity operating within a regulated industry that has been given the express right or subsequent legal duty to supply the general public with a product, commodity, or service such as natural gas, electricity, water, waste water, sewer, rail service, or communication service. (service public) (By-law 2013-224)
  Utility installation means the equipment used to make or deliver a utility product, commodity or service and includes the actual building, plant, works, utility line, tower, relay, pedestral, and may also include a storm water management facility, but excludes antenna systems. (installation de services publics) (By-law 2013-224)
  Utility line means a utility line as defined in the Ontario Energy Board Act. (ligne de service public)
 

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  - W -
  Warehouse means a building used for the storage and distribution of goods and equipment including self-storage units and mini-warehouses and may include one accessory dwelling unit for a facility manager. (entrepôt)
  Waste processing and transfer facility (non-putrescible) means a facility where non-putrescible waste is sorted, processed and temporarily stored prior to transfer off site and may include a recycling operation. (installation de traitement et de transfert de déchets)
  Waste processing and transfer facility means a facility where putrescible and non-putrescible waste is sorted, processed or temporarily stored prior to transfer off site and may include a source separated organics and biosolids processing and storage facility. (installation de traitement et de transfert de déchets)
  Waterbody means a lake or pond. (plan d’eau)
  Watercourse means a naturally occurring drainage channel which includes rivers, streams and creeks. (cours d’eau)
  Wayside pit means a temporary pit operated and used by or for a public authority solely for the purpose of a particular road construction project. (puits d’extraction en bordure de route)
  Wayside quarry means a temporary quarry operated and used by or for a public authority solely for the purpose of a particular road construction project. (carrière en bordure de route)
  Wind turbine means a rotary engine that is used to collect kinetic energy from the wind and convert it to electricity. (éolienne) Illustration of Wind Turbine.
 

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  - Y -
  Yard means an area of a lot abutting building that is intended for use for such purposes as privacy space, landscaping, parking or access, and includes a:
  (a) front yard which means that yard that extends across the full width of the lot between a front lot line and the nearest point of the principal building, not including a projection permitted under Section 65;
  (b) rear yard which means that yard that extends across the full width of the lot between a rear lot line and the nearest point of the principal building not including a projection permitted under Section 65;
  (c) interior side yard which means that yard not abutting a public street that extends from the front yard to the rear yard between a side lot line and the nearest point of the principal building, not including a projection permitted under Section 65;
  (d) corner side yard which means that yard abutting public street that extends from the front yard to therear yard between a side lot line and the nearest point of the principal building, not including a projection permitted under Section 65; and
  (e) interior yard which means a yard other than a front yardcorner side yardinterior side yard or rear yard. (cour)
  (See also Schedule 10 for illustrations for determining yard location on irregularly shaped lots).
  Yard setback means the distance required by this By-law between a lot line, not including a corner lot line, and a building, and includes: (By-law 2008-462)
  (a) front yard setback which means the shortest distance between the front lot line and any part of a building, not including a projection permitted under Section 65; Illustration of Yards and Yard Setbacks.
  (b) rear yard setback which means the shortest distance between the rear lot line and the nearest point of the principal building, not including a projection permitted under Section 65;
  (c) interior side yard setback which means the shortest distance between the side lot line notabutting a street and any part of a buildingbetween the front and rear yards, not including a projection permitted under Section 65; and
  (d) corner side yard setback which means the shortest distance between a side lot lineabutting a street and any part of a buildingbetween the front and rear yards, not including a projection permitted under Section 65. (retrait de cour)
  Despite the above, for the purposes of applying Section 69 – Setbacks from Watercouses and Waterbodies, setback means the least horizontal distance measured between any building, structure, development or excavation on the lot and the closest boundary of the constraint.
 

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  - Z -
  Zone includes subzone and exception zone. (zone)
 

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