1783 to 1825 Early settlement

Canada

   

Billings

The Quebec Act.

1774

   

American Revolution. American Revolutionaries created their own Continental Congress, cut ties to Britain.

1775

   

War of Independence, 1776-1783. Thirteen Colonies revolted against British control. British Loyalist
Migration.

1776

   

Western Exploration. Captain James Cook on Canada’s Pacific shores.

1778

   

North West Company. Scottish Highlanders and Loyalists established rival fur-trading Company to The Hudson’s Bay Company.

1780s

   

Second Treaty of Paris. Britain recognized American Independence and accepted the new nation’s boundaries. Loyalists move north.

1783

 

Braddish Billings born in

Ware, Massachusetts

Colony of New Brunswick. New Brunswick broke from Nova Scotia to become its own colony after its inhabitants, mainly British Loyalists, pushed for separation.

1783

   

Constitutional Act. Divided Old Quebec into Upper and Lower Canada. Lord Simcoe’s Proclamation

1791

1791

Dr. Elkanah Billings and family come to Canada

John Graves Simcoe. Served as the first Lieutenant Governor, and led the initiative that allowed Americans to settle in the area.

1792

   

Anti-Slavery Act. Lieutenant-Governor John Graves Simcoe established the Anti-Slavery Act of 1793. It did not abolish slavery, but it restricted people from bringing more slaves into Upper Canada and it imposed limits on the length of slaves’ contracts.

1793

   

Alexander Mackenzie. Sir Alexander Mackenzie established an inland route to the Pacific Ocean.

1793

1796

Lamira Dow born

     
     

Philemon Wright began a settlement in Lower Canada now known as Hull.

Samuel Dow and family come to Canada

Ontario Wheat, 1800-1860. Wheat production was the mainstay of agriculture in Ontario.

1800

1800

   

1805

The start of the lumber industry in the Ottawa Valley: Philemon Wright sent fist timber raft down the Ottawa River to Quebec.

Braddish began lumbering

Lamira orphaned

     
   

1806

     
   

1807

 

Simon Fraser led an expedition in present-day British Columbia, to find a new route to the Pacific Ocean.

1808

   
     

Ira Honeywell became the first settler in Nepean Township

     

Continental Blockade causes increased need for timber in Europe

1811

1811

Lamira began teaching

Braddish Billings became the first settler in Gloucester Township

War of 1812. The United States declared war against Britain. Fighting concentrated primarily on the southern borders of Upper and Lower Canada.

1812

1812

 
     

Braddish married Lamira Dow and built log house

Red River Colony. Colony was formed from of Hudson’s Bay Company land. Conflict arose between Métis, original settlers and the new settlers.

1812

 

1813

Billings built first frame barn and frame addition to house

   

1814

Frame storehouse erected

Sabra Billings born

   

1815

Nicholas Sparks emigrated from Ireland to Ottawa

   

1816

Lamira Billings II born

Settlement began in the Richmond area

   

1817

   

1818

The first road was cut from Richmond Landing, 3 miles from the village of Richmond

Ottersons, Doxeys and other early settlers in Gloucester begin to arrive

   

1819

Braddish Billing II born

Birth of Elkanah Billings

Long barn constructed

Samuel Billings born

   

1820

 

North West Company & HBC merge. After bitter, and sometimes violent, competition, the North West Company became part of the Hudson’s Bay Company

1821

1821

 
   

Building of the Billings Sawmill

Sabra Billings attends boarding school in Brockville

     
   

1823

 

Upper Canada’s first official census – Carleton’s population 2,116

1824

 

Charles Billings born

   

1825

 

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