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Stage five - Candidate Physical Ability Testing (CPAT) (Ongoing)

Please note: Only the applicants who successfully complete the interview stages would be required to complete CPAT. 

All candidates will be provided an opportunity to attend two CPAT orientation sessions within the eight-week period preceding a scheduled CPAT. During these orientations, which are interactive with our CPAT Proctors, candidates will receive “hands on” familiarity with the test apparatus and techniques, allowing candidates to identify potential areas for improvement prior to participating in any CPAT evaluation.

In addition, each candidate must be given the opportunity to perform two practice sessions of the CPAT within 30-days prior to the test. The practice sessions will be conducted exactly as the official CPAT. If a candidate passes the practice session, he/she can elect to use the passing score as an official CPAT time. The only difference between a practice session and an actual CPAT is that if a candidate fails/times out during the practice session, he/she will be allowed to practice the rest of the course. However, on a regular scheduled CPAT day, if a candidate fails/times out, the test is stopped. If candidates do not wish to take part in all four training opportunities (two orientations and two practice sessions), they must sign a waiver prior to attempting the CPAT acknowledging that the practice sessions were made available to them, but voluntarily waived the opportunity to participate in all sessions.  

Medical Clearance and Payment

Candidates will receive a Medical Clearance Form that must be completed by their physician prior to taking the session and /or CPAT. A list of medical standards and descriptions of activities will be provided for the physician's information and to assist the candidate to understand the standards associated with the two tests. Candidates will be responsible for any costs associated with the completion of the Medical Clearance Form.

  • The cost of the Orientation, Practice Sessions and CPAT will be a total of $450.00

Registration

Registration upon arrival at the CPAT facilities (to be determined) is compulsory. Candidates will be required to provide photo identification and must complete the following forms:

  • Sign-in form
  • Waiver and release form
  • CPAT evaluation form

Prior to leaving the test area, candidates will be assessed onsite medically trained personenel and will be required to sign appropriate documentation. Failure to complete and sign any of these forms during the CPAT stage of the campaign will result in disqualification.

Candidate Physical Ability Test

The Candidate Physical Ability Test (CPAT) consists of eight separate events. The events will require the candidate to progress along a predetermined path from event to event in a continuous manner. This is a pass/fail test based on a validated maximum total time of 10 minutes 20 seconds. Candidates will wear a 22.8 kilogram (50 lbs) vest to simulate the weight of the self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) and a Firefighter's protective clothing throughout the test. An additional 11.34 kilograms (25 lbs), simulating a high-rise pack (hose bundle) will be added during the stair climb event. 

Sequence of Events

Event #1 - Stair climb

Purpose of Evaluation

This event is designed to simulate the critical tasks of climbing stairs in full protective clothing while carrying a high-rise pack (hose bundle) and climbing stairs in full protective clothing carrying fire fighter equipment. This event challenges the candidate’s aerobic capacity, lower body muscular endurance and ability to balance. This event affects the aerobic energy system as well as the following muscle groups: quadriceps, hamstrings, glutes, calves, and lower back stabilizers.

Event

Event #1 - Stair Climb

During this event, the candidate is required to wear two 12.5-pound (5.67-kg) weights on the shoulders to simulate the weight of a high-rise pack (hose bundle). Prior to the initiation of the timed CPAT, the candidate has a 20-second warm-up on the Step Mill at a set stepping rate of 50 steps per minute [Level 3]. During this warm-up period, the candidate is permitted to dismount, grasp the rail or hold the wall to establish balance and cadence. If the candidate falls or steps off the Step Mill during the 20-second warm-up period, the candidate is required to remount the Step Mill and restart the entire 20-second warm-up period. The candidate is allowed to restart the warm-up period twice. There is no break in time between the warm-up period and the actual timing of the test. The timing of the test begins at the end of this warm-up period when the proctor calls out “START.” For the test, the candidate is re-quired to walk on the Step Mill at a set stepping rate of 60 steps per minute [Level 4] for 3 minutes. This concludes the event. The two 12.5-pound (5.67-kg) weights are removed from the candidate’s shoulders. The candidate walks 85 feet (25.91 m) within the established walkway to the next event.

Failures

The candidate falls or voluntarily dismounts the Step Mill three times during the warm up.
The candidate falls or voluntarily dismounts the Step Mill after the start of the test.
The candidate commits a third infraction for grasping the handrails or bearing weight on the handrails / wall after the start on the test.

Event #2 - Hose drag

Purpose of Evaluation

This event is designed to simulate the critical tasks of extending a dry hose line from the fire apparatus to the fire occupancy and advancing an uncharged attack line around obstacles while remaining stationary. This measures the candidate's aerobic capacity, lower body muscular strength and endurance, upper back muscular strength and endurance, grip strength and endurance, and anaerobic energy systems. The muscle groups affected by this test include the quadriceps, hamstrings, glutes, calves, lower back stabilizers, biceps, deltoids, upper back, muscles of the forearm and hand (grip), and the aerobic and anaerobic energy systems.

Event

Event #2 - Hose Drag

Candidate will grasp an automatic nozzle attached to 60.96 meters (200 feet) of 40.45 millimeter (1 3/4 inch) hose. The candidate will place the hose line over their shoulder or across chest, not exceeding the 2.24 meter (8 feet) mark. The candidate is permitted to run during the hose drag. The candidate will drag the hose 22.86 meters (75 feet) to a pre-positioned drum, make a 90o turn, and continue an additional 7.62 meters (25 feet). The candidate will then stop within the established marked 1.52 meter x 2.13 meter (5 feet x 7 feet) box, drop to at least one knee and pull 15.24 meters (50 feet) of hose, as indicated by a marked coupling, to the finish line. This concludes the event. The candidate will walk 25.91 meters (85 feet) within an established walkway to the next event.

Failures

If the candidate fails to go around the drum or goes outside of the marked path (cones), their test time will be concluded and the candidate will fail the test.

During hose pull, candidate must remain on at least one knee and that knee(s) must remain within the marked boundary lines. Candidate will receive one warning. Second time the candidate moves knee(s) outside of boundary or fails to maintain at least one knee in contact with the ground, their test time will be concluded and the candidate will fail the test.

Marked coupling on the hose line must pass the established finish line.

Event #3 - Equipment carry

Purpose of Evaluation

This event is designed to simulate the critical tasks of removing power tools from a fire apparatus, carrying them to the emergency scene and returning the equipment to the fire apparatus. It measures the candidate's upper body muscular strength and endurance, lower body muscular endurance, grip endurance, balance, and aerobic endurance. The muscle groups affected by this test include the biceps, deltoids, upper back, trapezius, muscles of the forearm and hand (grip), glutes, quads, hamstrings and the aerobic and anaerobic energy systems.

Event

Event #3 - Equipment Carry

The candidate will remove 2 saws from cabinet, one at a time, and place them on the ground. The candidate will momentarily release their grip, then pick both saws up, one in each hand, and carry them while walking 22.86 meters (75 feet) around a cone then back to the starting point. The candidate will then return the saws to the ground, release their grip, and then pick each saw up and replace the saws, one at a time, in the designated space in the cabinet. This concludes the event. The candidate will walk 25.91 meters (85 feet) within an established walkway to the next event.

Failures

If the candidate drops either saw on the ground during the carry, their test time will be concluded and the candidate will fail the test.

During the equipment carry, candidate must walk. Candidate will receive one warning for running. Second warning will constitute failure, their test time will be concluded and the candidate will fail the test.

Event #4 - Ladder raise and extension

Purpose of Evaluation

This event is designed to simulate the critical tasks of placing a ground ladder at a fire structure and extending the ladder to the roof or window. It measures the candidate's upper body muscular strength, lower body muscular strength, balance, grip strength, anaerobic endurance. The muscle groups affected by this test include the biceps, deltoids, upper back, trapezius, muscles of the forearm and hand (grip), glutes, quadriceps, hamstrings and the aerobic and anaerobic energy systems.

Event

Event #4 - Ladder Raise and Extension

The candidate will walk to the top rung of the 7.32 meter (24 feet) aluminium extension ladder, lift the unhinged end from the ground, and walk it up until it is stationary against the wall. This must be done in a hand over hand fashion being sure to use each rung (candidate must not use the rails). The candidate will then immediately proceed to the pre-positioned and secured 7.32 meter (24 feet) aluminium extension ladder, stand within the marked 91.44 centimeter x 91.44 centimeter (36 inch x 36 inch) box, and extend the fly section hand over hand until it hits the stop. The candidate will then lower the fly section hand over hand in a controlled fashion to the starting position. This concludes the event. The candidate will walk 25.91 meters (85 feet) within an establish walkway to the next event.

Failures

If the candidate misses any rung during the raise they will receive one warning. If the candidate allows the ladder to fall to the ground, or receives a second warning for missing a rung, their test time will be concluded and the candidate will fail the test.

If the candidate does not maintain control of the ladder in a hand over hand manner, or lets the rope halyard slip in an uncontrolled manner their test time will be concluded and the candidate will fail the test.

During ladder extension, candidate must remain within marked boundary lines. Candidate will receive one warning. Second time candidate moves outside of boundary will constitute failure, their test time will be concluded and the candidate will fail the test.

Event #6 - Search

Purpose of Evaluation

This event is designed to simulate the critical task of searching for a fire victim with limited visibility in an unpredictable area. It measures the candidate's upper body muscular strength and endurance, agility, claustrophobia, aerobic and anaerobic energy capacity. The muscle groups affected by this test include the muscles of the chest, shoulder, triceps, quadriceps, abdominals, lower back, and the aerobic and anaerobic energy systems.

Event

Event #6 - Search

The candidate will crawl on their hands and knees through a tunnel maze that is approximately 91.44 centimeters (3 feet) high and 121.92 centimeters (4 feet) wide and 19.51 meters (64 feet) in length with two 90o turns. At a number of locations in the tunnel, the candidate will navigate around, over and under obstacles. In addition, at two locations, the candidate will crawl through a narrowed space where the dimensions of the tunnel are reduced. Upon exit from the maze, the event is concluded. The candidate will walk 25.91 meters (85 feet) within an established walkway to the next event.

Failures

The candidate's movement will be monitored through the maze. If for any reason, the candidate chooses to end the event, the candidate will call out or rap sharply on the wall or ceiling and the candidate will be assisted out.

If the candidate requires assistance or exits before completing the event, their test time will be concluded and the candidate will fail the test.

Event #5 - Forcible entry

Purpose of Evaluation

This event is designed to simulate the critical tasks of using force to open a locked door or breach a wall. It measures the candidate's upper body muscular strength and endurance, lower body muscular strength and endurance, balance, grip strength and endurance, and anaerobic endurance. The muscle groups affected by this event include the quadriceps, glutes, triceps, upper back, trapezius, muscles of the forearm and hand (grip) and the aerobic and anaerobic energy systems.

Event

Event #5 - Forcible Entry

The candidate will use a 4.54 kilogram (10 pound) sledgehammer and strike the measuring device in the target area until the buzzer and signal lamp are activated. The candidate then places the sledgehammer on the ground. This concludes the event. The candidate will walk 25.91 meters (85 feet) within an established walkway to the next event.

Failures

If the candidate does not maintain control of the sledgehammer, where it is released from both hands, their test time will be concluded and the candidate will fail the test.

During the forcible entry event, candidate must remain within marked boundary lines. Candidate will receive one warning. Second time candidate moves outside of boundary will constitute failure, their test time will be concluded and the candidate will fail the test.

Event #7 - Rescue

Purpose of Evaluation

This event is designed to simulate the critical task of removing a victim or injured partner from a fire scene. It measures the candidate's upper and lower body muscular strength and endurance, grip strength and endurance, and anaerobic capacity. The muscle groups affected by this test include the quadriceps, hamstrings, glutes, abdominals, torso rotators, lower back stabilizers, trapezius, deltoids, latisimus dorsi, biceps, muscles of the forearm and hand (grip), and the aerobic and anaerobic energy systems.

Event

Rescue video

The candidate will grasp a 74.84 kilogram (165 pound) mannequin by the handle(s) on the shoulder(s) of the harness (either one or both handles are permitted) and drag it 10.67 meters (35 feet) to a pre-positioned drum, make a 180o turn around the drum (mannequin is permitted to touch drum), and continue an additional 10.67 meters (35 feet) across the finish line. The candidate is allowed to stop and, if needed adjust their grip. This concludes the event. The candidate will walk 25.91 meters (85 feet) within an established walkway to the next event.

Failures

The entire mannequin must be dragged past the marked finish line.

If the candidate fails to go around the drum, their test time will be concluded and the candidate will fail the test. If the candidate touches or rests on the drum at any time, their test time will be concluded and the candidate will fail the test.

Event #8 - Ceiling breach and pull

Purpose of Evaluation

This event is designed to simulate the critical task of breaching and pulling down a ceiling to check for fire extension. It measures the candidate's upper and lower body muscular strength and endurance, grip strength and endurance, and anaerobic endurance. The muscle groups affected by this test include the quadriceps, hamstrings, glutes, abdominals, torso rotators, lower back stabilizers, deltoids, trapezius, triceps, biceps, muscles of the forearm and hand (grip), and the aerobic and anaerobic energy systems.

Event

Event #8 - Ceiling Breach and Pull

The candidate will remove the provided pike pole from the bracket, stand within the boundary established by the equipment frame, and place the tip of the pole on the painted area of the hinged door in the ceiling. The candidate will fully push up the hinged door in the ceiling with the pike pole 3 times. The candidate then proceeds to hook the pike pole to the ceiling device and pull the pole down five times. Each repetition consists of three pushes and 5 pulls. The candidate will repeat the process four times. The event, and the total test time, ends when the applicant completes the final pull stroke repetition.

Failures

If the candidate does not successfully complete a repetition, the examiner will call out miss and the candidate must push or pull the apparatus again to complete the repetition. If the candidate does not repeat the missed part of the repetition, the entire repetition will not count.

During this event, candidate must remain within marked boundary lines. Candidate will receive one warning. Second time candidate moves outside of boundary will constitute failure, their test time will be concluded and the candidate will fail the test.

The candidate is permitted to stop and, if needed, adjust their grip. Releasing grip or slipping from pike pole handle, without the pike pole falling to the ground, does not constitute a warning or a failure. Candidate will re-establish their grip and resume the event. The candidate will be permitted to drop the pike pole, to the ground once. If the candidate drops the pike pole they must pick it up themselves and resume the event. The second time the candidate drops the pike pole to the ground will constitute failure, their test time will be concluded and the candidate will fail the test.