William Lyon Mackenzie King is one of Canada’s most well known Prime Ministers. He was the leader of the Liberal party from 1919 until 1948. He was in power as Prime Minister for three terms: 1921 to June 1926, August 1926 to 1930 and 1935 to 1948 when he resigned because of poor health.
King left his mark on Canadian society and social programs, implementing old age pensions, unemployment insurance benefits, and family allowances.
King led Canada through the Second World War and the transition from a wartime economy to a peacetime economy. He also witnessed the beginning of the Cold War, and grew concerned about Canada having too close a relationship with the United States. He was also not entirely comfortable about Canada’s place in continental defence after the war.
In 1948, King decided not to run for election again, with Louis St. Laurent becoming his successor as both Prime Minister and Liberal Party Leader. King had plans to write his memoirs, but he was unable to complete them before his death in July 1950.
Title/Description: Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King with Barbara Ann Scott preparing for tour. Scott was a Canadian, North American, European and World Champion in figure skating. She also won the Olympic gold medal in 1948.
Date: July 7, 1949.
Credit: Andrews-Newton Photographers Fonds / City of Ottawa Archives / MG393-AN-BJ-011826-003.
Copyright: City of Ottawa Archives.