Live in French in Ottawa!
The francophone community has a rich, vibrant, multi-faceted culture. Its dynamism is rooted in its varied activities, as well as in its institutions and organizations, and is evident in every aspect of society, including in the fields of culture, health, justice, the economy and education.
Ontario francophones: who are they?
An inclusive definition
On June 4, 2009, Ontario adopted a new definition regarding the province’s francophone population which better reflects the evolution and diversity of Ontario’s francophone communities. This more inclusive definition of Ontario’s francophones reads as follows:
Those persons whose mother tongue is French, plus those whose mother tongue is neither French nor English but have a particular knowledge of French as an Official Language and use French at home.
"The francophone community wanted a more inclusive definition that better reflects its diversity. This new definition will give the government a more accurate picture of the demand for French-language services across the province and help ministries better plan for the delivery of these services". Madeleine Meilleur, Minister Responsible for Francophone Affairs.
Additional information: Ministry of Francophone Affairs - Ontario
History of the francophone community in Ottawa
400 years of French presence in Ontario
It was the French who first explored what is now the province of Ontario, where they established the first missions and trading posts. The first European expedition to Ottawa occurred in 1535, when Jacques Cartier sent one of his ships up the Ottawa River. Étienne Brûlé subsequently explored Ontario between 1610 and 1612.
An initial wave of francophone immigration during the 19th century
The greatest number of francophones, commonly called French-Canadians, arrived during the 19th century. Initially, they settled in the Eastern portion of the province, along the Ottawa River, in Ottawa, Prescott-Russell and Glengarry-Stormont, later gravitating toward the North-East. Various sectors, such as the railways and the farming, forestry and mining industries, afforded opportunities to settle and work in each of these Ontario regions. The Francophone community very quickly organized itself, creating its first institutions and organizations. In 1910, the Association canadienne-française d'éducation de l'Ontario (ACFÉO), which subsequently became the Association canadienne-française de l’Ontario (ACFO) and the Assemblée de la francophonie de l'Ontario (AFO), came into being.
This was followed by the:
- publication of the first issue of Le Droit newspaper in 1913 ;
- adoption by the provincial government, in 1912, of Regulation 17, reducing the teaching of French in schools to promote anglicization;
- unveiling, in 1975, of the Franco-Ontarian flag, which was officially recognized in 2001;
- recognition, in 1979, of the right to a criminal trial in French;
- recognition, by the Court of Appeal, of the right of Franco-Ontarians to manage their own schools;
- passage of the provincial law guaranteeing access to education in French and the creation, in 1985, of the Office of Francophone Affairs;
- passage, in 1986, of the French Language Services Act which came into effect in 1989, guaranteeing services in French in 22 designated areas;
- creation of the TV Ontario television channel in 1987, which subsequently became the Office de télécommunications éducatives de langue française de l’Ontario (OTÉLFO – TFO) in 2007;
- creation of the first two French-language school boards and establishment of the Réseau francophone des services de garde [French-language day care services network) and the French-language community literacy centres in 1988;
- opening of La Cité collégiale in 1990;
- demonstration organized by the SOS Montfort movement, which brought together 10,000 people in 1997 and resulted in the constitutional protection of Ottawa's Hôpital Montfort in 2000 and the winning of its case in the Court of Appeal in 2002;
- reorganization of French-language education, with the establishment of twelve school boards in 1998;
- unveiling, in 2006, of the first Monument de la francophonie,;
- creation of the Office of French Language Services Commissioner in 2007;
- establishment, in 2007, of a Réseau d’appui à l’immigration [immigration support network] in Eastern Ontario; this network consists of approximately one hundred organizations involved in the intake, settlement and integration of French-speaking immigrants;
Additional information regarding the history of the francophone community in Ontario: Office of Francophone Affairs - Ontario and Toute une histoire! - Centre Fora (In French Only).
Snapshot of the francophone community in Ottawa
A growing, vibrant diversity
Rich in history, heritage and development, the Ottawa francophone community numbers 143,220 people whose first official language is French.
- Based on the new definition, Ottawa’s francophone population has increased by 10%.
- The data show that 28.4% of anglophones speak both official languages.
- 38.3% of the population speak both French and English.
- The average employment income is higher than that in the rest of Ontario.
- Lower than that for the rest of Ontario, the unemployment rate is 5.9% among anglophones and 5.8% among francophones.
- The most recent francophone immigrants come primarily from Africa, Asia, the Middle East and Europe.
- 23,525 of Ottawa's francophones are members of a visible minority.
After four centuries of evolution, Ontario’s francophone community numbers 582,690, i.e., 4.8% of the total population of the province, and is the second largest francophone community in Canada after Quebec. It should be noted that 41.5% of francophones live in Eastern Ontario.
- One individual in twenty in Ontario is francophone.
- The population of the francophone community is older than that of Ontario as a whole.
- Three francophones in five were born in Ontario, while one in five was born in Quebec.
- Approximately 14% of Ontario francophones were born outside Canada.
- 20% of francophone immigrants arrived in Ontario between 2001 and 2006.
2006 Census, Statistics Canada
Ottawa Socio-economic Profile, RDÉE Ontario
État des lieux de l’immigration d’expression française à Ottawa, Ronald Bisson, Patricia Ahouansou and Charles Draper, October 27, 2009
La francophonie: unique in its vitality
"La francophonie" refers to the French language and the speaking of French, as well as to a vital, dynamic and changing community such as Ottawa’s francophone community.
Regardless of whether its francophone citizens were born in Ottawa, elsewhere in Ontario, other parts of Canada or another country, they are all writing the history of this community - a community enriched by its cultural traditions and history.
For additional information regarding La francophonie (In French Only)
A flag, a song and monuments
The flag is recognized as the emblem of Ontario’s francophone community.
The emblem of Ontario’s francophone community consists of two vertical bands of different colours. The first band is mid green and has a white lily in the middle.
The second band is white and has a mid green trillium in the middle.
On the flag, green represents summer and white represents winter. Together, the colours represent the diversity of Ontario’s climate. The lily symbolizes the international francophone community, while the trillium is the floral emblem of Ontario.
This flag was officially flown for the first time on September 25, 1975, at the Laurentian University in Sudbury. In 2001, the Legislative Assembly of Ontario recognized it as the official Franco-Ontarian emblem.
Source: Office of Francophone Affairs - Ontario
Song: "Mon beau drapeau", composed by Brian St-Pierre (In French Only)
The Monuments de la francophonie in Ottawa
The Monuments de la francophonie de l'Ontario is a network of historical and heritage gathering sites located throughout the province, featuring historical plaques and an outsize Franco-Ontarian flag measuring 5 m x 10 m.
The francophone difference: services adapted to Ottawa's francophone reality
A short history
On June 15, 1912, the government adopted Regulation 17, which stipulated that English was to be the only language of communication and instruction allowed in the classroom. Teachers were allowed to teach French for only one hour a day. Both the teachers and the Ottawa Separate School Board refused to comply with this regulation and French-Canadians took the appropriate measures to defend their rights. In 1927, French was finally once again approved as a language of instruction in Ontario schools.
Ottawa francophones have access to a French-language school system from kindergarten to the post-secondary level. The diversity for which the francophone community is known enriches the cultural life in the schools, francophone colleges and universities belonging to the French-language education network in Ontario.
Additional information: French-language education
A unique education
Live and learn in French
By choosing a French-language school in Ottawa, parents ensure that their children learn and enjoy a unique francophone experience, because the schools communicate and promote francophone culture.
"An agent of change and important partner in our society, French-language education (FLE) actively contributes to the development and vitality of francophone communities, which in turn enhances the quality of life for all citizens of Ontario. In light of the ever-growing diversity of Ontario’s population, FLE provides programs and services to welcome and assist all parents who wish to enrol their children in a French school, as well as all students who sign up for post-secondary education programs offered in French."
Source: French-language education
Additional information: For additional information regarding the French-language school system in Ottawa, the enrolment process, the programs for newcomers, the Programme d’actualisation de la langue française (ALF), or the Programme d’appui aux nouveaux arrivants (PANA), please see the "Newcomers" section on the Ontario French-language Education web site.
Information regarding the enrolment process is available in eight languages:
All schools are grouped by region and directed by school boards managed by the Ministry of Education. There are two French school boards in the Ottawa region, i.e., the Conseil des écoles catholiques du Centre-Est (French Catholic School Board Centre-East) and the Conseil des écoles publiques de l’Est de l’Ontario (Eastern Ontario French Public School Board). In addition to being responsible for the planning, construction and operating of schools, these boards are responsible for hiring and supervising all school staff members. The school boards are required to enrol students between the ages of 6 and 21. The students must attend school until age 18.
Both school boards work with Ottawa community organizations to provide other services in the schools, such as the Settlement Workers in Schools program.
Democratically elected every four years, the school board trustees liaise between the boards and the community, in addition to their duties at the board level.
For additional information regarding admission criteria for primary and secondary schools and post-secondary institutions:
Programs and services: from kindergarten to post-secondary
Programs and services for toddlers
For early-learning activities, exploration and play, the French-language school boards offer full-time junior and senior kindergarten programs, starting at age 4.
Ottawa has 58 programs and services for toddlers.
In addition, some school boards offer or will soon be offering programs for children aged 3.
Most children attend their neighbourhood primary school. Primary school (also called elementary school) begins with kindergarten and ends with Grade 8.
There are 42 francophone primary schools in Ottawa.
The school works with the parents to determine the grade in which their child should be enrolled.
There are four levels in the thirteen francophone secondary schools in Ottawa, i.e., Grades 9 to 12.
There are many post-secondary education programs available in French in Ottawa, offered by four different institutions.
Located in the city’s core, the University of Ottawa offers learners a comprehensive range of academic programs in French and English.
Federated with the University of Ottawa, Saint-Paul University offers programs in Human Sciences, Philosophy, Theology and Canon Law in small, customized classes.
Dominican University College: This university college offers four categories of programs, i.e., in Arts and Sciences, Philosophy, Human Sciences and Theology.
La Cité collégiale is Ottawa’s francophone college. It has two campuses: the main campus, on Aviation Parkway, and the Campus Alphonse-Desjardins - Centre des métiers Minto, in the Orleans district. The college offers a variety of full-time programs of study and specializes in the fields of health, communications and skilled trades.
SOS Devoirs (homework assistance)
SOS Devoirs is a homework assistance service for students in Grades 1 to 12 in French-language schools.
Le Relais is a "Programme d’appui à la lutte contre le décrochage scolaire" [Dropout Prevention Program] – Educational (homework assistance), recreational and preventive activities (QOP).
Continuing, adult and special education
Continuing and adult education
Continuing and adult education programs are available free of charge at Éducation permanente and École des adultes Le Carrefour for young people who wish to return to school and obtain their Secondary School Diploma (OSSD), adult learners who must acquire skills essential to their personal or professional development, workers who have been laid off and who wish to upgrade their skills to increase their chances of finding another job, and newcomers who need to improve their language skills or to complete their studies.
The Centre Moi j'apprends
The Centre Moi j'apprends is a community organization that enables francophone adults in Ottawa to participate in the social, cultural and economic life of their community. Its programs enable adults to acquire basic reading, writing, mathematics and computer skills in order to communicate more effectively, more easily integrate into the job market and improve their quality of life. (In French Only)
The Centre Jules-Léger
The mission of the Centre Jules-Léger is to provide students with severe learning disabilities, who have been diagnosed with attention deficit or hyperactivity disorder, and/or who are blind, deaf or deafblind, with a learning environment allowing them to develop to their full personal, intellectual, linguistic, cultural, spiritual, social and emotional potential. Two schools fulfil this mandate: the École d'application serves in various capacities, i.e., as a demonstration school and residence, in addition to providing training and consultation services, and the École provinciale, which provides quality educational programs to deaf, hearing impaired, blind or deafblind Ontario francophone children for whom no appropriate programs are available in their communities. (In French Only)
Élargir l’espace francophone
Élargir l’espace francophone is a collaborative effort involving the community, private, government and French-language education sectors to ensure the development of the francophone environment, as well as the dynamism and long-term survival of French-speaking communities. (In French Only)
Economy and employability
The Ottawa economy and job market
Many employers are looking for francophone employees who are bilingual. Fluency in both official languages is a valuable asset to job seekers.
Where to get help to find employment?
For more information on employment, visit the "Help finding a job" section.
Other useful links
- National Occupation Classification – is a publication which provides information on the current trends and future outlook for 190 occupations common to Ontario. It is a joint effort of the Ministry of Training, Colleges and Universities and Service Canada – Ontario region.
- Working in Canada – is the primary Government of Canada source for information regarding the job market. It provides free, authorized information regarding trades and careers, including educational requirements, primary responsibilities, salary levels, current trends and job outlook.
- www.tosucceed.ca – On this site, job seekers will find all of the tools necessary to make a career change, prepare a résumé, find information regarding the job market, have a successful interview and secure employment. Newcomers will find the support necessary for their integration, while ODSP recipients will find assistance geared toward their particular needs. Employers can post their job opportunities free of charge and receive financial assistance for the hiring and training of new employees.
- Ministry of training, colleges and universities - Enter your postal code and indicate what you are looking for. This site will give you the name and address of the Employment Ontario services closest to you.
- www.francopartage.ca - A site providing employment resources for francophones; these resources are supplied by site members, who are located throughout Ontario. It allows correspondence with the members and question and answer sessions. Short career videos are also available.
- An essential workbook for newcomers: Planning to Work in Canada?
Economy and business start-up
Le Réseau de développement économique et d’employabilité de l’Ontario (RDÉE Ontario) promotes economic development and employability in Ontario’s francophone communities to ensure that they remain productive and sustainable.
La bonne affaire is an economic awareness and integration program for SMEs, newcomers and entrepreneurial newcomers.
Program for the growth and expansion of businesses looking for access to the Ontario, Canadian, North American or international market.
The Conseil de la coopération de l’Ontario supports the development of cooperatives and offers training, information and technical assistance. (In French only)
For on-line training and to learn more about the development and management of cooperatives, visit le Conseil de la Coopération Culture Association of Ottawa. (In French only)
Regroupement des gens d’affaires
"The Regroupement des gens d’affaires de la Capitale nationale plays a key role in the region’s economy and social life. We represent the leading economic force in the Ottawa Valley and Eastern Ontario – over 600 entrepreneurs and managers, all seeking to do business in French."
Thousands of people start businesses each year. Regardless of whether they do so alone or as part of a group, they must be entrepreneurial to succeed.
There are a variety of options when choosing a business structure, i.e., a private company (sole proprietorship, partnership or corporation), a collective enterprise (non-profit organizations and cooperatives).
Small- and medium-sized businesses (SMEs): Small- and medium-sized businesses are businesses of varying sizes; however, in Canada, they must generally have no more than 500 employees or assets in excess of $25 million. The Government of Canada classifies them into four categories:
- Micro-enterprise: 1 - 4 employees
- Small business: 5-49 employees
- Medium-sized business: 100-499 employees
- Large business: 500 employees or more
For more information on how to start a business, visit the “Starting a business” section of this Portal.
Volunteers offer their services without remuneration. The desire to help others is a traditional value of Canadian society. Volunteering can help people:
- acquire work experience in Canada;
- become acquainted with the Canadian workplace;
- practise their English and French;
- make friends and acquaintances;
- obtain references in Canada;
- hear about job opportunities;
- assume new responsibilities and develop new skills.
Volunteering can also open the door to paid employment. Most prospective employers will ask about Canadian work experience. Working as a volunteer is an excellent means of acquiring Canadian experience and meeting people who can be used as references. A growing number of employers consider volunteering a valid component of a candidate’s work history.
How to find volunteering opportunities: contact a community organization, through a friend or an intake and settlement counsellor.
For information regarding États généraux de la francophonie d’Ottawa, please visit Je rêve Ottawa web site. (In French Only) The Summit summary is also available. The follow-up will be carried out by ACFO.
The goal of the Citizens Academy is to educate and empower citizens by giving them the skills, knowledge and confidence they need to actively participate in their community. The Academy focuses on bringing together groups, people and organizations from every sector in Ottawa.
The French Language Health Services Network of Eastern Ontario is a francophone organization that engages the Health-care Community and the Francophone Community to improve the offer and quality of French Language health services in Eastern and South-Eastern Ontario.
Health care organizations designated and partially designated to provide services in french
Community health centres
Community support services
Mental health, addiction and problem gambling
Organizations designated to provide health care services in French
Community health centres
Community care access centre
Community support services
Mental health, addiction and problem gambling
The Hôpital Montfort is Ontario’s Francophone academic health science centre, offering exemplary person-centred care in both official languages. With its main partners, the University of Ottawa and La Cité college, as well as other post-secondary programs, Montfort is preparing the next generation of Francophone healthcare professionals. Montfort is striving to become your hospital of reference for outstanding services, designed with you and for you.
To find an organization that provides health care services in French:
(click on the links to access the web sites)
- List of Designated or Partially Designated Organizations in Eastern Ontario - Organizations classified by county.
- 211 Ontario - A tool for finding government and community agencies providing health care services in French. Search by service or using a key word and location.
- Ottawa Community Information Centre - Six tools to search for services offered in the Eastern and South-Eastern Ontario counties and a French-language directory for the City of Ottawa. Search using key words, organization name or subject, with the option of specifying the city or area.
- Établissement.org - A tool for finding French-language services in Ontario, including health care services. Search by region or city, by service or using a key word.
- Champlainhealthline.ca - Directory of facilities providing health care services in the Champlain region; classified by service category (services provided in English and French)
- Champlain LHIN - List of all Champlain LHIN health care providers; organized according to geographic area (services provided in French and English).
To find a health care professional who provides services in French:
(click on the links to access the web sites)
- Health Care Connect - Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-term Care Program designed to help people find a family doctor.
- Cliquez santé - Tool for finding information regarding French-language health care and social services professionals in Ontario. Search by service and by postal code.
- Doctor Search - Research tool on the web site of the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario. Search for information regarding physicians, pediatricians and specialists using various criteria, including language of service (tool for searching for information regarding health care professionals providing services in French), area of specialization and location. In English only.
- Champlainhealthline.ca - Various tools for finding information regarding health care professionals in the Champlain region.
Obtaining an Ontario Health Insurance Plan (OHIP) card
The Ontario Health Insurance Plan (OHIP) pays for medically necessary care and services. Such services may include visits to your family doctor or a specialist.
Application for Ontario Health Insurance must be made upon arrival in Ontario. Generally speaking, there is a three-month waiting period between the date of arrival and the date the card is issued.
For additional information regarding health care: in the event of an emergency, family physicians, hospitals, walk-in clinics, community resource and health centres, etc.
The Ottawa region has a variety of financial institutions which provide services in French. Some institutions have branches which offer services in languages other than French and English.
To learn more about banking, visit the “Banking” section of this Portal.
Ottawa has a wide range of housing options and prices with many distinct neighbourhoods. For more information about buying or renting an apartment or home, visit the “Finding a Place to Stay” and “Housing” sections of this portal.
Ottawa Community Housing
Ottawa Community Housing (OCH) provides and manages safe, quality, affordable housing for low- and middle-income households. As the largest subsidized housing provider, it works with its tenants and community partners to promote the development of healthy, safe, diverse, sustainable communities. For additional information regarding housing at market rates and subsidized housing.
Housing assistance services
For information on how to access subsidized or affordable housing, visit Action-Housing or Housing Help, both are charitable organizations devoted to assisting, in both French and English, low-income individuals and families to find and maintain safe, affordable, adequate rental housing.
Residents of housing co-operatives are members of the co-op society that owns the units. The cooperative rents housing to members, but the members do not own their units. The members are active participants in the planning, design and day-to-day administration of the co-operative. Anyone can request accommodation in a housing co-operative and such co-operatives accommodate people of all backgrounds and cultures. Some co-operatives focus on particular groups, such as francophones.
How to apply?
Once the co-operatives of interest have been selected, it is important to communicate with each to obtain information regarding membership procedures and be placed on their waiting list.
For additional, on-line, information regarding vacant co-op housing, visit: The Co-operative Housing Association of Eastern Ontario (CHASEO) website.
List of francophone or bilingual housing co-operatives in Ottawa
- Coopérative d’habitation Coté Est
- Coopérative d’habitation L’Auberge
- Coopérative d’habitation Beausoleil
- Coopérative d’habitation Brébeuf
- Coopérative d’habitation de LaSalle
- Coopérative d’habitation d'app. Desjardins
- Coop Côte de Sable / Sandy Hill Housing Co-operative
- Coopérative d’habitation St. Georges / St. Georges Housing Co-operative
- Coopérative d’habitation Voisins
- Coopérative d’habitation Desloges
- Coopérative d’habitation LaFontaine
- Coopérative d’habitation Jeanneville
- Coopérative d’habitation Laval
Applicants may obtain information packages regarding housing co-operatives in Ottawa.
Child care services
Finding a child care centre consistent with household income and needs is one of the primary concerns of parents with young children. It is a difficult task which can take a great deal of time and must be planned well in advance, as licensed child care centres in Ontario are in great demand and have long waiting lists.
There are basically two types of child care services in Ontario:
- Licensed child care services, which have a government-issued operating permit.
- Unlicensed child care services, also known as informal child care, whose suppliers are not required to obtain an operating permit, provided that they care for no more than 5 children under the age of 10 to whom they are not related, for example: private arrangements between parents and a care provider hired to look after their children. Child care services of this nature are not regulated and are not eligible for subsidies.
To find the right child care centre
- Check the on-line guide to licensed child care services in Ontario posted on the Ministry of Education web site to search by city, postal code, program type, etc.
- Check the 411.cadirectory
- Check the Yellow Pages
- Contact one of the regional offices of the Ministry of Community and Social Services
- Contact your social services department for the City of Ottawa
- Check with the school boards, as a number of child care centres are located in schools
French-language media in Ottawa
There are a number of French-language media in Ottawa.
- Le Droit is a popular French-language daily published in the Ottawa-Gatineau region, which is circulated in eastern Ontario and the Ottawa Valley. It can also be purchased in Montreal, as well as in other Quebec and Ontario regions. (In French Only)
- L’Express published on Thursday, is available free of charge at French-language schools and approximately one hundred newsstands. It covers the City of Ottawa from east to west, i.e., from Cumberland to Kanata, including Orleans, Gloucester and Nepean. L'Express focuses on news from the francophone schools, the Franco-Ontarian cultural scene and the various community stakeholders (service clubs, parishes, local politics). (In French Only)
- Two student newspapers are published at the colleges and universities, i.e., La Rotonde (the University of Ottawa French-language paper) and Cité Collégiale’s SagaCité. (In French Only)
- TFO: The Office des télécommunications éducatives de langue française de l’Ontario (OTÉLFO - commonly known as TFO) began broadcasting on April 1, 2007. A producer and distributor of television programs, TFO has been recognized as a vital institution for the Ontario francophone community. In addition, TFO promotes the French reality in Ontario and elsewhere through quality educational and cultural multimedia content and services. (In French Only)
- Radio-Canada - CBOFT in Ottawa (In French Only)
- Rogers – community television channel 23: Rogers believes in the importance of television in bringing together the members of a community like yours. This is why Rogers has been investing in the ongoing development of TV Rogers for more than 40 years.
- TVA, TV5 and RDI (In French Only)
A number of community organizations and institutions produce newsletters. These communication tools are effective in promoting the activities and initiatives of Ottawa’s francophone community.
Culture and the arts: hallmarks of vitality!
As both the National Capital and a city with a unique local culture, Ottawa is a vibrant city of arts and culture. Ottawa truly has something for everyone, including national museums, local cultural spaces, lively neighbourhoods, and numerous festivals, fairs and events taking place all year round.
Some of the offerings tailored to francophones are:
The Nouvelle Scène in Ottawa plays host to four professional theatre companies offering theatrical productions in French – the Théâtre du Trillium, the Théâtre de la Vieille 17, Vox Théâtre and the Théâtre la Catapulte. There are also many community and school theatres. (In French Only)
The Shenkman Arts Centre provides space for performing arts presentations and visual art exhibitions, as well as space for instruction in a variety of arts. It offers services and programs in both English and French.
Ottawa has five francophone publishing houses: Éditions David, Éditions l'Interligne, Éditions du Vermillon and Éditions Sans Limites. The fifth, the Centre franco-ontarien de ressources pédagogiques (CFORP), also publishes educational materials. (In French Only)
Festivals and cultural events
Each year, the Festival franco-ontarien returns with music and song to celebrate what the francophone community was, is and will be. Shows, events/activities, booths and more - where passion and pride are everywhere to be found!
For more than 30 years, the Mouvement d'implication francophone d'Orléans (MIFO) has been showcasing francophone culture and promoting cultural expression in the Orleans community. The MIFO is a multidisciplinary centre offering a variety of artistic, cultural and community programs and services in French. An integral part of the community, the MIFO is the most important Franco-Ontarian cultural centre.
For more information on arts and culture in Ottawa, visit the “Arts, heritage and culture” section of this Portal.
Justice and rights
The Clinique juridique francophone de l’Est d’Ottawa is part of the Vanier Community Service Centre. It primarily serves the francophones in East Ottawa regarding the following legal areas: immigration, tenant rights, and income maintenance (social assistance, ODSP, employment insurance, Canada Pension Plan). Its telephone number is 613 744-2892, ext. 1111.
The Clinique juridique also provides legal advice via its Legal information Line: 1 877 500-4508.
The Clinique juridique can organize legal workshops for organizations and community members.
For additional information regarding the Clinique juridique francophone, visit the VCSC web site.
For additional information regarding community legal clinics in Ontario, visit the Legal Aid Ontario web site.
Municipal Government – Bilingualism Policy
"On May 9, 2001, Ottawa City Council enacted the Bilingualism Policy which reaffirms its commitment to offer services in the two official languages to residents and staff. The Bilingualism Policy is both practical and flexible in its approach. The Bilingualism Policy’s provisions govern several features of civic activity, notably communications, the proactive delivery of services in both languages to citizens and staff, work organization, including designation of positions, language training, and cultural program management."
The French Language Services Branch (FLSB), which falls under the City Manager office, was created in May 2001 following City Council's enactment of the Bilingualism Policy. The FLSB is responsible for working with the municipal administration to ensure the implementation of the Bilingualism Policy. It ensures that the various City Departments proactively offer French-language services to residents and staff. In addition, the FLSB coordinates the provision of translation services.
French Language Services Act - Provincial Government
For almost thirty years, the French Language Services Act, 1986 (FLSA) (Bill 8) has guaranteed the right to services in French from the Government of Ontario ministries and agencies in 25 designated areas.
Thanks to the French Language Services Act, all services offered to the public by government ministries and agencies (driver’s licenses, birth certificates, information, etc.) are available in French in government offices in or serving a designated area.
Copy of the French Language Services Act, R.S.O. 1990, CHAPTER F.32, June 1 update.
Official Languages Act - Federal Government
The Canadian government became officially bilingual in 1968.
The purpose of the Official Languages Act is to:
- ensure respect for English and French, their equality of status and equal rights and privileges regarding their use in federal institutions;
- support the development of English and French linguistic minority communities;
- advance the equal status and use of English and French.
The Act applies to federal institutions, i.e., offices, Crown corporations and federal departments. In addition, certain organizations, such as Air Canada and VIA Rail, retained their language obligations after they were privatized.
According to Section 4: Parliamentarians and the public have the right to use either English or French in Parliament. For its part, Parliament is required to provide simultaneous interpretation of its debates and other proceedings.
According to Sections 5 to 13: All acts of Parliament are enacted, printed and published in both official languages. In addition, federal institutions that, pursuant to an act, are required to publish public notices must do so in both English- and French-language publications.
According to Sections 14 to 20: In civil proceedings before federal courts other than the Supreme Court, everyone has the right to be heard by a judge who understands the official language chosen for the proceedings without the assistance of an interpreter. Federal Courts include the Federal Court, the Tax Court of Canada and the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal.
According to Sections 39 and 40: The Government agrees to ensure that English- and French-speaking Canadians have equal opportunities for employment and advancement in federal institutions.
Additional information: Official Languages Act
N.B.: The Official Languages Act does not apply to provincial and municipal governments or private businesses.
For more information about your rights and responsibilities, visit the “Legal system” section of this Portal.
Immigration supports to francophone communities
Information for Francophone newcomers
In addition to disseminating information regarding Ontario as a whole by region, settlement.org provides detailed information regarding citizenship and immigration including, housing, jobs, health and education.
Economic and Social Council of Ottawa-Carleton
The Economic and Social Council of Ottawa-Carleton (CESOC/ESCOC) is a non-profit corporation with a mandate of promoting the diversity of the francophone community in Eastern Ontario, more specifically in the Ottawa area.
The CESOC/ESCOC coaches francophone immigrants, helps them prepare a settlement plan and provides them with the services they need throughout the process. The CESOC/ESCOC also works to promote the socioeconomic development of francophone immigrants, as well as the creation of a multi-faceted francophone community, while respecting the rights of francophones in general and the rights of francophone ethnocultural and racial minorities in particular.
Vanier Community Service Centre
The Vanier Community Service Centre (VCSC) offers a free settlement program service to assist Ottawa’s newcomers with their integration. The Centre focuses on improving the quality of life, promoting the full potential and developing the independence of the individuals, organizations and communities with which it is collaborating. The VCSC promotes social equity as a means of developing a healthy and happy society.
Ottawa has many specialized agencies that are available to help new immigrants and their families to settle and integrate into the community. Most of these services are offered free of charge and many are available in multiple languages. Agencies also help direct newcomers to the services they need. For more information, visit the “Settlement Services” section of this Portal.
Réseau de soutien à l’immigration francophone de l’est de l’ontario
The Réseau de soutien à l’immigration francophone de l’Est de l’Ontario is a program, managed by the CESOC/ESCOC, designed to promote immigration to francophone minority communities. The purpose of this plan is to assist in the intake, settlement and successful integration of francophone immigrants to Canada outside Quebec.
The Réseau does not provide services to newcomers directly. Its mandate is to facilitate a process of local dialogue and encourage partnerships in developing projects to facilitate the integration of francophone immigrants.