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Part 4 - Parking, Queuing and Loading Provisions (Sections 100 to 114)

The City of Ottawa Zoning By-law is made available on the web site for information, however confirmation on the zoning provisions should be sought through the City’s development information officers (DIO), by contacting 311 and asking for the DIO for the geographic area in question.

The information contained in this part clarifies all provisions for motor vehicle and bicycle parking, loading spaces and drive-through (queuing) spaces.

Section 100 - General Provisions

  1. Parking, queuing and loading spaces and all driveways and aisles leading to those spaces must be provided for each land use in accordance with the provisions of Part 4 of this by-law, and:
    1. must be set aside for and used exclusively for that purpose;
    2. must not be obstructed; and
    3. except for driveways, must be located on the same lot as the use or building for which they are provided, except where otherwise permitted. (By-law 2015-190)
  2. Despite subsection (1)(c) in the case of Area A (Central Area) as shown on Schedule 1 and in the TM and VM Zones, parking spaces required or provided under this by-law may be available for use by any other land use located either on or off site, but these spaces are not intended to serve as the required parking for these other land uses. (By-law 2013-58)
  3. Despite subsection (1)(c):
    1. a parking lot located in an AM, TM or VM Zone, or on a property fronting on Rideau Street, Sparks Street or Bank Street in the MD Zone need not have its driveway or aisle located on-site, provided that access to the parking lot is provided from another lot in either an AM, TM, MD or VM Zone; and (By-law 2013-58) 
    2. in a residential zone, a driveway may be shared between two abutting properties provided that: (By-law 2010-307)
      1. for a driveway accessing a parking lot or parking garage, it complies with the provisions of Section 107 (1); and
      2. in any other case, it is at least three metres in width.
  4. Despite subsection (1), a seasonal garden centre or a temporary special event accessory to retail store, retail food store, shopping centre or place of worship may be located such that it temporarily prevents the use of a portion of the required or provided parking spaces, aisles or driveways, provided that:(By-law 2010-307)
    1. the majority of the parking spaces continue to be available in compliance with this by-law; and
    2. the garden centre or temporary special event does not obstruct access to a fire route.
      No additional parking is required for these activities or for an outdoor commercial patio or retail food store, limited to a farmers’ market, whether it is indoors or outdoors. For the purpose of this Section, a temporary special event includes a seasonal or short-term fair, carnival, show, exhibit or other similar events.(By-law 2012-334) (By-law 2016-131)
      (4a) Despite Subsection (1), a retail food store, limited to a farmers’ market may be located in a parking lot such that it temporarily prevents the use of a portion of the required or provided parking spaces, aisles or driveways of another use on the same lot, provided that:
    3. the majority of the parking spaces continue to be available in compliance with this by-law; and 
    4. the farmers’ market does not obstruct access to a fire route. (By-law 2016-131) 
      (4b) Despite Subsection (1), parking spaces required or provided for a land use may be used as part of an electric vehicle parking station. (By-law 2017-302)
  5. All motor vehicle parking spaces and queuing and loading spaces must have unobstructed access directly to a public street by:
    1. a driveway or private way;
    2. an aisle leading to a driveway; or
    3. a public lane.
  6. All motor vehicle parking spaces, queuing and loading spaces and aisles and driveways leading to those spaces must have a surface which is:
    1. hard, stable and dust preventative (see illustration below) in Areas A (Central Area), B (Inner City) and C (Suburban) on Schedule 1 and may include wheel strips; and (By-law 2018-155)
    2. usable in all seasons in Area D (Rural) on Schedule 1.
      ILLUSTRATION OF SOME ALTERNATIVES TO STANDARD CONCRETE AND ASPHALT PAVING

      Part 4 - Parking, Queuing and Loading Provisions (Sections 100-114) Part 4 - Parking, Queuing and Loading Provisions (Sections 100-114) Part 4 - Parking, Queuing and Loading Provisions (Sections 100-114) Part 4 - Parking, Queuing and Loading Provisions (Sections 100-114) Part 4 - Parking, Queuing and Loading Provisions (Sections 100-114)
      Porous Paving Turf Block Honeycomb Block Cobblestone Pavers

  7. Despite subsection (1), where a motor vehicle parking space required by this By-law or predecessor by-law must be eliminated as a result of the need to widen another parking space for the purpose of complying with a legal requirement in the City of Ottawa Traffic and Parking By-law to provide parking for the physically disabled, the use for which the parking is provided is to be treated as though it meets the requirements of this by-law provided that the use otherwise complies with the parking provisions of this by-law, or a predecessor to this by-law, immediately prior to the elimination of the parking space. (By-law 2009-302)
  8. Where the parking, queuing or loading required by this by-law is expressed as a rate or in multiples of more than one, calculations are:
    1. to be pro-rated; and
    2. where the sum of the total calculation of the required spaces results in a fraction, the required spaces are to be the next higher whole number if the fraction is 0.5 or greater, and the next lower whole number if the fraction is less than 0.5.
  9. A stacked dwelling may have a common parking garage provided the parking garage is located no more than 1.2 metres above grade.
  10. Where one parking, queuing or loading space required by this by-law or a predecessor to this by-law is eliminated as result of providing barrier-free access to a building existing as of June 25, 2008, the use for which the parking, queuing or loading space is provided is to be treated as though it meets the requirements of this by-law or a predecessor to this by-law immediately prior to the elimination of the parking, queuing or loading space. (By-law 2009-302)
  11. Despite subsection (10), a parking space may only be eliminated to enable barrier-free access to a use within a building where at least one parking space continues to be provided for that use. (By-law 2009-302)
  12. Despite subsection (1)(c), required parking may be shared between School uses and any permitted use on lands zoned L1 or O1, provided that such lands are within 300m of the subject School property, and that 50% of the required parking is maintained on the site for which the principal use occurs. (By-law 2017-303)

Section 101 - Minimum Parking Space Rates

  1. Within the areas shown as Areas B, C, D, X and Y on Schedule 1A, off-street motor vehicle parking must be provided for any land use at the rate set out in Table 101 below.
    1. where Area Y is shown as a Mainstreet on Schedule 1A, it includes
      1. Any part of a lot zoned TM or AM and abutting a mainstreet shown as Area Y;
      2. Any lot that forms part of a contiguous block of TM or AM zoning abutting a mainstreet shown as Area Y, and
      3. Any other lot that:
        1. abuts a mainstreet shown as Area Y and
        2. is entirely located within 100m of a mainstreet shown as Area Y
      4. Despite (i), (ii) and (iii), Area Y does not include any lands contained within Area Z on Schedule 1A. (By-law 2016-249)
  2. Within the area shown as Area Z on Schedule 1A, no off-street motor vehicle parking is required to be provided under this section. (By-law 2016-249)
  3. Despite Subsection (1), within the area shown as Area X on Schedule 1A:
    1. In the case of a building containing residential uses, no off-street motor vehicle parking is required to be provided under this section for the first twelve dwelling units and the parking requirements under Table 101 apply only to dwelling units and rooming units in excess of 12.
    2. where a non-residential use located partly or entirely on the ground floor has a gross floor area of 200 square metres or less, no off-street motor vehicle parking is required to be provided.  (By-law 2016-249)
  4. Despite Subsection (1), on a lot described in 1 (a) above:
    1. where a residential use is located within a building of four or fewer storeys, no off-street motor vehicle parking is required to be provided under this section for the residential use;
    2. where a residential use is located within a building of five or more storeys, no off-street motor vehicle parking is required to be provided under this section for the first twelve residential units;
    3. where an office use or artist studio is located above the first storey in a building of four or fewer storeys, no off-street motor vehicle parking is required to be provided for the office use or artist studio;
    4. where a non-residential use is located partly or entirely on the ground floor or in the basement:  (By-law 2017-148)
      1. in the case of a retail food store with a gross floor area of 1500 square metres or less, no off-street motor vehicle parking is required to be provided.
      2. in the case of a restaurant with a gross floor area of 350 square metres or less, no off-street motor vehicle parking is required to be provided.
      3. in the case of any other non-residential use with a gross floor area of 500 square metres or less, no off-street motor vehicle parking is required to be provided. (By-law 2016-249)
  5. Despite Subsection (1), within the areas shown as Areas B, C and D on Schedule 1A:
    Table 101A Minimum parking requirements 400-800m walk from rapid transit, selected use (By-law 2016-249)
    Row I Land Use II Area B on Schedule 1A III Area C on Schedule 1A IV Area D on Schedule 1A
    N43a Hospital 1.2 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 1.2 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 1.2 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
    N59a Office 1.8 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 2.3 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 2.3 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
    N83a Shopping Centre 3 per 100 m2 of gross leasable floor area 3.4 per 100 m2 of gross leasable floor area 3.4 per 100 m2 of gross leasable floor area
    N92a Training Centre 1.6 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 2.3 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 2.3 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
    1. where a non-residential or mixed-use building has an active entrance located within 300 metres of a rapid-transit station shown on Schedule 2A or 2B;
      1. the minimum parking required by Table 101 is calculated using the rates for Area X; and
      2. the provisions of (3)(a) and (3)(b) apply.
    2. despite clause 101(5) (a), where it can be shown that the walking distance along public streets and paths between the nearest active entrance and the rapid transit station is 400 metres or less, the minimum parking required by Table 101 for the non-residential use is calculated using the rates for Area X and the provisions of (3)(a) and (3)(b) apply.
    3. despite clause 101(5)(a), where the lot is separated from the rapid transit station by a highway, grade-separated arterial roadway, railway yard, watercourse, private lands or any other major obstacle such that the walking distance from the nearest active entrance to the rapid transit station is increased to beyond 400 metres, the reduced minimum parking requirements specified in (a) do not apply.
    4. where a residential use building has an active entrance located within 600 metres of a rapid-transit station shown on Schedule 2A or 2B, the minimum parking required by Table 101 for the residential use is calculated using the rates for Area X.
    5. despite (d), where the lot is separated from the rapid transit station by a highway, grade-separated arterial roadway, railway or railway yard, watercourse, private lands or any other major obstacle such that the walking distance from the nearest active entrance to the rapid transit station is increased to beyond 800 metres, the reduced minimum parking rate specified in (d) does not apply.
    6. despite Table 101, where a lot containing a hospital, office, shopping centre or training centre:
      1. is located within 600m of a rapid-transit station;
      2. is located within 800m walking distance of a rapid-transit station along public streets and paths; and
      3. where the hospital, office, shopping centre or training centre does not meet 5(a) and 5(b), above,
        the minimum parking requirements of Table 101A apply. (By-law 2016-249)
  6. Despite Subsection (1):
    1. in the case of a shopping centre,
      1. where a shopping centre provides a dedicated bus loading area on the shopping centre site, the parking required by Table 101 may be reduced by 25 parking spaces for each bus loading area so provided.
      2. Despite Subsection (1), where a restaurant, bar, place of assembly, place of worship or recreational and athletic facility is located within a shopping centre that is less than 7500 square metres gross leasable floor area, and one or more occupancies of that same use comprise more than 30 per cent of the gross leasable area of the shopping centre, then the minimum required parking for that use will be calculated at the parking rate specified for that use, and not at the shopping centre rate.
    2. in the case of a drive-through facility:
      1. where a restaurant use operates in combination with a drive-through facility, the parking required by Table 101 for the restaurant may be reduced by 20 per cent
      2. where any use other than a restaurant operates in combination with a drive-through facility, the parking required by Table 101 for that land use may be reduced by 10 per cent.
    3. where all parking spaces provided or required for a permitted land use are located below grade in the same building as that land use, the parking required by Table 101 for that land use may be reduced by the lesser of:
      1. 10 per cent of the required parking spaces; or
      2. 20 parking spaces. (By-law 2016-249)
  7. Other Provisions:
    1. For the purpose of this section, 0.5 metres of fixed bench seating is equivalent to one fixed seat.
    2. Despite Part 15, where a zoning exception in effect as of July 13, 2016 results in a higher minimum parking requirement than does this section, the lower parking requirement shall prevail.  (By-law 2016-249)
      Table 101- Minimum parking space rates R1 to R11 (By-law 2018-206)(By-law 2016-249)
        I II III IV V
      Row Land Use Area X and Y on Schedule 1A Area B on Schedule 1A Area C on Schedule 1A Area D on Schedule 1A
      R1 Bed and Breakfast 1 per dwelling unit plus 1 for the first four guest rooms plus 0.45 for each additional guest room over 4 1 per dwelling unit plus 1 for the first four guest rooms plus 0.45 for each additional guest room over 4 1 per dwelling unit plus 1 per guest room 1 per dwelling unit plus 1 per guest room
      R2
      (By-law 2016-356)
      Coach house None None None None
      R3 Diplomatic Mission 2 per dwelling unit 2 per dwelling unit 2 per dwelling unit 2 per dwelling unit
      R4
      (By-law 2016-336)
      Dwelling, Detached 1 per dwelling unit or oversize dwelling unit (By-law 2018-206) 1 per dwelling unit or oversize dwelling unit (By-law 2018-206) 1 per dwelling unit or oversize dwelling unit (By-law 2018-206) 1 per dwelling unit or oversize dwelling unit (By-law 2018-206)
      R5
      (By-law 2016-336)
      Dwelling, Duplex 1 per dwelling unit 1 per dwelling unit 1 per dwelling unit 1 per dwelling unit
      R6
      (By-law 2016-336)
      Dwelling, Linked-detached 1 per dwelling unit 1 per dwelling unit 1 per dwelling unit 1 per dwelling unit
      R7
      (By-law 2016-336)
      Dwelling, Semi-detached 1 per dwelling unit 1 per dwelling unit 1 per dwelling unit 1 per dwelling unit
      R8
      (By-law 2016-336)
      Dwelling, Three-unit 0.5 per dwelling unit 0.5 per dwelling unit 1.2 per dwelling unit 1 per dwelling unit
      R9 Dwelling, Townhouse 0.75 per dwelling unit 0.75 per dwelling unit 1 per dwelling unit 1 per dwelling unit
      R10 Dwelling, Stacked 0.5 per dwelling unit 0.5 per dwelling unit 1.2 per dwelling unit 1 per dwelling unit
      R11 Dwelling, Low-rise Apartment 0.5 per dwelling unit 0.5 per dwelling unit 1.2 per dwelling unit 1 per dwelling unit
      Table 101- Minimum parking space rates R12 to R21 (By-law 2016-249)
        I II III IV V
      Row Land Use Area X and Y on Schedule 1A Area B on Schedule 1A Area C on Schedule 1A Area D on Schedule 1A
      R12 Dwelling, Mid-high Rise Apartment 0.5 per dwelling unit 0.5 per dwelling unit 1.2 per dwelling unit 1 per dwelling unit
      R13 [reserved]        
      R14 Dwelling units in a mixed-use building, on lots abutting Bank Street, Bronson Avenue, Elgin Street and Somerset Street West, north of the Queensway None N/A N/A N/A
      R15 Dwelling units in a mixed-use building, all other cases 0.5 per dwelling unit 0.5 per dwelling unit 1 per dwelling unit 1 per dwelling unit
      R16 Garden Suite None None None None
      R17 Group Home 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area, minimum of 1 1 per 100 m2  of gross floor area, minimum of 1 1 per 100 m2  of gross floor area, minimum of 1 1 per 100 m2  of gross floor area, minimum of 1
      R18 Home-based Business None None 1 per home-based business 1 per home-based business
      R19 Planned Unit Development As per dwelling type As per dwelling type As per dwelling type As per dwelling type
      R20 Retirement Home 0.25 per dwelling unit or rooming unit plus 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area used for medical, health or personal services 0.25 per dwelling unit or rooming unit plus 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area used for medical, health or personal services 0.25 per dwelling unit or rooming unit plus 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area used for medical, health or personal services 0.25 per dwelling unit or rooming unit plus 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area used for medical, health or personal services
      R21 Retirement Home, converted 0.25 per dwelling unit or rooming unit plus 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area used for medical, health or personal services 0.25 per dwelling unit or rooming unit plus 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area used for medical, health or personal services 0.25 per dwelling unit or rooming unit plus 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area used for medical, health or personal services 0.25 per dwelling unit or rooming unit plus 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area used for medical, health or personal services
      Table 101- Minimum parking space rates R22 to N4 (By-law 2016-249)
        I II III IV V
      Row Land Use Area X and Y on Schedule 1A Area B on Schedule 1A Area C on Schedule 1A Area D on Schedule 1A
      R22 Rooming House 0.25 per rooming unit 0.25 per rooming unit 0.5 per rooming unit 0.5 per rooming unit
      R23
      (By-law 2018-206)
      For future use        
      R24 Secondary Dwelling Unit within a detached, linked-detached or semi-detached dwelling None None None None
      R25 Secondary Dwelling Unit within a duplex dwelling 1 1 1 1
      R26 Shelter 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area, minimum of 1 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area, minimum of 1 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area, minimum of 1 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area, minimum of 1
      N1 Adult Entertainment Parlour 3 per 10 0m2 of gross floor area 6 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 6 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 6 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N2 Agricultural Use 1 per farm plus 1.5 per 100 m2  of floor area of farm produce outlet 2 per farm plus 3 per 100 m2  of floor area of farm produce outlet 2 per farm plus 3 per 100 m2  of floor area of farm produce outlet 2 per farm plus 3 per 100 m2   of floor area of farm produce outlet
      N3 Airport 0.25 per 100 m2  of gross floor area used for passenger terminal or aircraft hanger 0.5 per 100 m2  of gross floor area used for passenger terminal or aircraft hanger 0.5 per 100 m2  of gross floor area used for passenger terminal or aircraft hanger 0.5 per 100 m2  of gross floor area used for passenger terminal or aircraft hanger
      N4 Amusement Centre 2 per alley, court, ice sheet, game table or other game surface plus 5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area used for dining and assembly 4 per alley, court, ice sheet, game table or other game surface plus 10 per 100 m2 of gross floor area used for dining and assembly 4 per alley, court, ice sheet, game table or other game surface plus 10 per 100 m2 of gross floor area used for dining and assembly 4 per alley, court, ice sheet, game table or other game surface plus 10 per 100 m2 of gross floor area used for dining and assembly
      Table 101- Minimum parking space rates N5 to N12 ​(By-law 2016-249)
        I II III IV V
      Row Land Use Area X and Y on Schedule 1A Area B on Schedule 1A Area C on Schedule 1A Area D on Schedule 1A
      N5 Amusement Park 2 per alley, court, ice sheet, game table or other game surface plus 5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area used for dining and assembly 4 per alley, court, ice sheet, game table or other game surface plus 10 per 100 m2 of gross floor area used for dining and assembly 4 per alley, court, ice sheet, game table or other game surface plus 10 per 100 m2 of gross floor area used for dining and assembly 4 per alley, court, ice sheet, game table or other game surface plus 10 per 100 m2 of gross floor area used for dining and assembly
      N6 Animal Care Establishment 2 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N7 Animal Hospital 2 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 4 per 100  m2 of gross floor area
      N8 Artist Studio 1.25 per 100m2 of gross floor area 2.5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 3.4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area, minimum 5 spaces 3.4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area, minimum 5 spaces
      N9 Automobile Body Shop 1.5 per service bay 3 per service bay 3 per service bay 3 per service bay
      N10 Automobile Dealership Sales/showroom area, 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area; Service area, 1 per service bay; Other areas, 0.5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area. Sales/showroom area, 2 per 100 m2 of gross floor area; Service area, 2 per service bay; Other areas, 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area. Sales/showroom area, 2 per 100 m2 of gross floor area; Service area, 2 per service bay; Other areas, 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area. Sales/showroom area, 2 per 100 m2 of gross floor area; Service area, 2 per service bay; Other areas, 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area.
      N11 Automobile Rental Establishment Sales/showroom area, 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area; Service area, 1 per service bay; Other areas, 0.5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area. Sales/showroom area, 2 per 100 m2 of gross floor area; Service area, 2 per service bay; Other areas, 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area. Sales/showroom area, 2 per 100 m2 of gross floor area; Service area, 2 per service bay; Other areas, 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area. Sales/showroom area, 2 per 100 m2 of gross floor area; Service area, 2 per service bay; Other areas, 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area.
      N12 Automobile Service Station Greater of 0.5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area or 1 per service bay Greater of 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area or 2 per service bay Greater of 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area or 2 per service bay Greater of 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area or 2 per service bay
      Table 101- Minimum parking space rates N13 to N23 ​​(By-law 2016-249)
        I II III IV V
      Row Land Use Area X and Y on Schedule 1A Area B on Schedule 1A Area C on Schedule 1A Area D on Schedule 1A
      N13 Bank 1.25 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 2.5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 3.4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 3.4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N14 Bank Machine None None None None
      N15 Bar 3 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 6 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 6 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 6 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N16 Broadcasting and Production Studio 0.5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N17 Bus Station 0.25 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 0.5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 0.5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 0.5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N18 Campground 1 per two camping sites within campground 1 per camping site within campground 1 per camping site within campground 1 per camping site within campground
      N19 Car Wash None None None None
      N20 Casino 5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 10 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 10 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 10 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N21 Catering Establishment 0.4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 0.8 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 0.8 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 0.8 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N22 Cemetery None None None None
      N23 Cinema 1 per 16 fixed seats 1 per 8 fixed seats 1 per 4 fixed seats 1 per 4 fixed seats
      Table 101- Minimum parking space rates N24 to N34 ​​(By-law 2016-249)
        I II III IV V
      Row Land Use Area X and Y on Schedule 1A Area B on Schedule 1A Area C on Schedule 1A Area D on Schedule 1A
      N24 Community Centre 2 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N25 Urban Agriculture  (By-law 2017-148) None None None None
      N26 Community Health and Resource Centre 0.75 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 1.5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 2.2 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 2.2 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N27 Convenience Store 1.25 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 2.5 per 100 m2of gross floor area 3.4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 3.4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N28 Correctional Facility 0.5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N29 Court House 0.5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N30 Daycare 1 per 100m2 of gross floor area 2 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 2 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 2 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N31 Emergency Service 0.5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N32 Environmental Preserve or Education Facility None None None None
      N33 Equestrian Establishment None None None None
      N34 Experimental Farm None None None None
      Table 101- Minimum parking space rates N35 to N45​(By-law 2016-249)
        I II III IV V
      Row Land Use Area X and Y on Schedule 1A Area B on Schedule 1A Area C on Schedule 1A Area D on Schedule 1A
      N35 Fairground None None None None
      N36 Flood or Erosion Control Works None None None None
      N37 Forestry Operation None None None None
      N38 Funeral Home 3.5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 7 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 7 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 7 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N39 Gas Bar None None None None
      N40 Golf Course 0.5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area plus 2 per hole 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area plus 4 per hole 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area plus 4 per hole 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area plus 4 per hole
      N41 Heavy Equipment and Vehicle Sales, Rental and Servicing 0.375 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 0.75 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 0.75 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 0.75 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N42 Heavy Industrial Use 0.4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 0.8 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 0.8 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 0.8 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N43 Hospital 0.7 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 1.4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 1.4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 1.4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N44 Hotel (excluding restaurant which is calculated as per restaurant requirement) 1 per every 2 guest units for up to 40 guest units, and 1 per 12 guest units over 40 guest units 1 per guest unit for up to 40 guest units, and 1 per 6 guest units over 40 guest units 1 per guest unit 1 per guest unit
      N45 Instructional Facility 1.25 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 2.5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 3.4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 3.4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      Table 101- Minimum parking space rates N46 to ​N56 (By-law 2016-249)
        I II III IV V
      Row Land Use Area X and Y on Schedule 1A Area B on Schedule 1A Area C on Schedule 1A Area D on Schedule 1A
      N46 Kennel with 4 or fewer dog runs 1 per kennel 1 per kennel 1 per kennel 1 per kennel
      N47 Kennel with more than 4 dog runs 2 per kennel 4 per kennel 4 per kennel 4 per kennel
      N48 Library 1.25 per 100 m² of gross floor area 2.5 per 100 m² of gross floor area 2.5 per 100 m² of gross floor area 2.5 per 100 m² of gross floor area
      N49 Light Industrial Use 0.4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 0.8 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 0.8 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 0.8 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N50 Marine Facility 0.5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area plus 1 per every 2 boat slips 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area plus 1 per boat slip 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area plus 1 per boat slip 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area plus 1 per boat slip
      N51 Medical Facility 2 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N51a
      (By-law 2016-336)
      Medical Marihuana Production Facility 0.4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 0.8 per 100 m2 of gross floor area  0.8 per 100 m2 of gross floor area  0.8 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 
      N52 Mobile Home Park 1 per every 2 mobile home sites plus 2.5 for each accessory commercial or recreational use building 1 per mobile home site plus 5 for each accessory commercial or recreational use building 1 per mobile home site plus 5 for each accessory commercial or recreational use building 1 per mobile home site plus 5 for each accessory commercial or recreational use building
      N53 Military Training Facility None None None None
      N54 Mineral Extraction Operation None None None None
      N55 Municipal Service Centre 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 2 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 2 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 2 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N56 Museum 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 2 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 2 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 2 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      Table 101- Minimum parking space rates N57 to N67 ​​(By-law 2016-249)
        I II III IV V
      Row Land Use Area X and Y on Schedule 1A Area B on Schedule 1A Area C on Schedule 1A Area D on Schedule 1A
      N57 Mushroom Farm 1 per farm plus 1.5 per 100 m2 of floor area of farm produce outlet 2 per farm plus 3 per 100 m2 of floor area of farm produce outlet 2 per farm plus 3 per 100 m2 of floor area of farm produce outlet 2 per farm plus 3 per 100 m2 of floor area of farm produce outlet
      N58 Nightclub 3 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 6 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 6 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 6 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N59 Office 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 2 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 2.4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 2.4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N60 Park, sports field The greater of 1 per 8 fixed seats or 2 per sports field The greater of 1 per 4 fixed seats or 4 per sports field The greater of 1 per 4 fixed seats or 4 per sports field The greater of 1 per 4 fixed seats or 4 per sports field
      N61 Park, other None None None None
      N62 Parking Garage None None None None
      N63 Parking Lot None None None None
      N64 Personal Service Business 1.25 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 2.5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 3.4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 3.4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N65 Place of Assembly 5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area of assembly area 10 per 100 m2 of gross floor area of assembly area 10 per 100 m2 of gross floor area of assembly area 10 per 100 m2 of gross floor area of assembly area
      N66 Place of Worship 5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area of assembly area 10 per 100 m2 of gross floor area of assembly area 10 per 100 m2 of gross floor area of assembly area 10 per 100 m2 of gross floor area of assembly area
      N67 Post Office 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 2 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 2 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 2 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      Table 101- Minimum parking space rates ​N68 to N74 (By-law 2016-249)
        I II III IV V
      Row Land Use Area X and Y on Schedule 1A Area B on Schedule 1A Area C on Schedule 1A Area D on Schedule 1A
      N68 Post Secondary Educational Institution 0.375 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 0.75 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N69 Printing Plant 0.4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 0.8 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 0.8 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 0.8 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N70 Rapid Transit Network None None None None
      N71 Recreational and Athletic Facility 2 per alley, court, ice sheet, game table or other game surface plus 5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area used for dining, assembly or common area 4 per alley, court, ice sheet, game table or other game surface plus 10 per 100 m2 of gross floor area used for dining, assembly or common area 4 per alley, court, ice sheet, game table or other game surface plus 10 per 100 m2 of gross floor area used for dining, assembly or common area 4 per alley, court, ice sheet, game table or other game surface plus 10 per 100 m2 of gross floor area used for dining, assembly or common area
      N72 Research and Development Centre 0.4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 0.8 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 0.8 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 0.8 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N73
      (By-law 2016-336)
      Residential Care Facility (By-law 2012-349) 0.125 per dwelling unit or rooming unit plus 0.5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area used for medical, health or personal services 0.25 per dwelling unit or rooming unit plus 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area used for medical, health or personal services 0.25 per dwelling unit or rooming unit plus 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area used for medical, health or personal services 0.25 per dwelling unit or rooming unit plus 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area used for medical, health or personal services
      N74 Restaurant 5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 3 for first 50 m2 of gross floor area plus 10 per 100m2 of gross floor area over 50m2 of gross floor area 10 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 10 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      Table 101- Minimum parking space rates ​N75 to N82(By-law 2016-249)
        I II III IV V
      Row Land Use Area X and Y on Schedule 1A Area B on Schedule 1A Area C on Schedule 1A Area D on Schedule 1A
      N75 Restaurant- Fast Food (By-law 2011-124) 5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 3 for first 50 m2 of gross floor area plus 10 per 100 m2 of gross floor area over 50 m2 of gross floor area 10 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 10 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N76 Restaurant- Full Service 5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 3 for first 50 m2 of gross floor area plus 10 per 100 m2 of gross floor area over 50 m2 of gross floor area 10 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 10 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N77 Restaurant- Take Out 2.5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 1.5 for first 50 m2 of gross floor area plus 5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area over 50 m2 of gross floor area 5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N78 Retail Food Store 1.25 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 2.5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 3.4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 3.4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N78a
      (By-law 2016-336)
      Retail Food Store, limited to a farmers’ market  (By-law 2016-131) None None None None
      N79 Retail Store 1.25 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 2.5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 3.4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 3.4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N80
      (Subject to 2017-303)
      School, secondary 1.25 per classroom (includes portables)  2.5 per classroom (includes portables) 3 per classroom (includes portables)  3 per classroom (includes portables) 
      N81 School, other 0.75 per classroom (includes portables) 1.5 per classroom (includes portables) 1.5 per classroom (includes portables) 1.5 per classroom (includes portables)
      N82 Service and Repair Shop 1.25 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 2.5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 3.4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 3.4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      Table 101- Minimum parking space rates N83 to N97 ​(By-law 2016-249)
        I II III IV V
      Row Land Use Area X and Y on Schedule 1A Area B on Schedule 1A Area C on Schedule 1A Area D on Schedule 1A
      N83 Shopping Centre 1.7 per 100 mof gross leasable floor area 3.4 per 100 m2 of gross leasable floor area 3.6 per 100 mof gross leasable floor area 3.6 per 100 mof gross leasable floor area
      N84 Small Batch Brewery 0.5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 2.5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 2.5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N85 Snow Disposal Facility None None None None
      N86 Solid Waste Disposal Facility None None None None
      N87 Sports Arena 1 per 8 fixed seats 1 per 4 fixed seats 1 per 4 fixed seats 1 per 4 fixed seats
      N88 Storage Yard 0.25 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 0.5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N89 Technology Industry 0.4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 0.8 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 0.8 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 0.8 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N90 Theatre 1 per 16 fixed seats 1 per 8 fixed seats 1 per 4 fixed seats 1 per 4 fixed seats
      N91 Train Station 0.25 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 0.5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 0.5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 0.5 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N92 Training Centre 0.9 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 1.8 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 2.4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 2.4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N93 Truck Transport Terminal 0.4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 0.8 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 0.8 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 0.8 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N94 Utility Installation 0.4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 0.8 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 0.8 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 0.8 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N95 Warehouse 0.4 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 0.8 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 0.8 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 0.8 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
      N96 Wayside Pit None None None None
      N97 Wayside Quarry None None None None
    3. Despite subsections 101(1), 101(2) and 101(5), within the area shown as Area A on Schedule 361, being the Centrepointe Community:
      1. Minimum parking space requirements are to be calculated using Column IV, Area C on Table 101.
      2. Despite (i),  where a lot containing a residential use other than a bed and breakfast is located within 600 metres of a rapid transit station identified on Schedule 2A or Schedule 2B of this by-law, the minimum parking space requirement for the residential use is to be calculated using  Column III, Area B on Table 101.
      3. Despite (i),  where a lot containing a hospital, office, shopping centre or training centre is located within 600 metres of a rapid transit station identified on Schedule 2A or Schedule 2B of this by-law, the minimum parking space requirement for the use is to be calculated using  Column III, Area C on Table 101A.
      4. Despite (ii) and (iii), where the lot is separated from the rapid transit station by a highway, grade-separated arterial roadway, railway yard, watercourse, private lands or any other major obstacle such that the actual walking distance to the rapid transit station is increased to beyond 800 metres, (ii) and (iii) do not apply.
      5. Subsection 101(5) does not apply. (By-law 2016-249) 

Section 102 - Minimum Visitor Parking Space Rates

In addition to the parking required under Section 101, off-street visitor motor vehicle parking must be provided for the land uses and at the rate set out in Table 102.

  1. Within the areas shown as Areas B, C, D, X, Y and Z on Schedule 1A, in addition to the parking required under Section 101, off-street visitor motor vehicle parking must be provided for dwelling units at the rate set out in Table 102.  (By-law 2016-249)
  2. Despite (1), within Areas B, X, Y and Z, no visitor parking spaces are required for the first twelve dwelling units on a lot. (By-law 2016-249)
  3. Despite (1), within Areas X, Y and Z, no more than thirty visitor parking spaces are required per building, and within Area B no more than sixty visitor parking spaces are required per building. (By-law 2016-249)
  4. In the case of a townhouse dwelling or stacked dwelling, where each dwelling unit has a driveway accessing a garage or carport located on the same lot as that dwelling unit, and in the case of a planned unit development, where a dwelling unit has a driveway accessing its own garage or carport; no visitor parking is required for that dwelling unit. (By law 2012-334) (OMB Order, File #PL080959 issued June 1, 2010) (OMB Order #PL080959, issued November 5, 2008)  (By-law 2016-249)
  5. Clauses (a) through (e) of subsection 101(5) apply with necessary modification to section 102 for the purposes of applying Table 102 and subsections 102(2) and 102(3) (By-law 2016-249)
  6. Despite Part 15, where a zoning exception in effect as of July 13, 2016 results in a higher minimum visitor parking requirement than does this section, the lower visitor parking requirement shall prevail. (By-law 2016-249)
    Table 102- MINIMUM VISITOR PARKING SPACE RATES (By-law 2016-249)
    I
    Land Use
    II
    Area X, Area Y and Area Z on Schedule 1A
    III
    Area B, Area C and Area D on Schedule 1A
    Apartment dwelling, low-rise or mid-high-rise 0.1 per dwelling unit 0.2 per dwelling unit
    Dwelling units in a mixed-use building 0.1 per dwelling unit 0.2 per dwelling unit
    Stacked dwelling 0.1 per dwelling unit 0.2 per dwelling unit
    Townhouse dwelling 0.1 per dwelling unit 0.2 per dwelling unit
  7. Despite this section, within the area shown as Area A on Schedule 361, being the Centrepointe Community, subsections 102(2), 102(3) and 102(5) do not apply. (By-law 2016-249)

Section 103 - Maximum Limit on Number of Parking Spaces Near Rapid Transit Stations

  1. Where a lot is located within 600 metres of a rapid transit station shown on Schedule 2A or Schedule 2B of this by-law, the number of motor vehicle parking spaces provided for a use on that lot must not exceed the maximum limits specified in Table 103. The 600 metre distance is measured as the shortest perpendicular distance between the lot lines of the lot containing the use and the centre of the rapid transit station platform. (By-law 2015-190)
  2. Despite subsection (1), where the lot is separated from the rapid transit station by a highway, grade-separated arterial roadway, railway yard, watercourse, private lands or any other major obstacle such that the actual walking distance to the rapid transit station is increased to beyond 800 metres, the maximum limit on the number of parking spaces specified in Table 103 does not apply.
  3. Despite subsection (1), where parking spaces in excess of the maximum parking limit result solely from a change of use, these excess parking spaces may be retained.
  4. Where the parking currently provided for a use exceeds the maximum parking limits specified in Table 103, the parking spaces provided in excess of the maximum parking limit may be eliminated. However, in no case may the number of parking spaces provided be less than that specified for that use in Table 101.
  5. Despite subsection (1), the provisions of this section do not apply to a rapid-transit network park and ride facility.           
Table 103 - Maximum number of parking spaces permitted
I
Land Use
II
Area A, Schedule 1 and MC Zone at Tunney’s Pasture
(Central Area)
III
Area B, Schedule 1 other than MC Zone at Tunney’s Pasture
(Inner City Area)
IV
Areas C and D, Schedule 1
(Suburban and Rural Area)
(a) Apartment Dwelling; Mid Rise, Apartment Dwelling, High Rise, and Apartment Dwelling, Low Rise (By-law 2014-292)   1.5 per dwelling unit (combined total of resident and visitor parking) 1.75 per dwelling unit (combined total of resident and visitor parking) 1.75 per dwelling unit (combined total of resident and visitor parking)
(b) Dwelling Units, in the same building as a non-residential use 1.5 per dwelling unit (combined total of resident and visitor parking) 1.75 per dwelling unit (combined total of resident and visitor parking) 1.75 per dwelling unit (combined total of resident and visitor parking)
(c) Hospital 1.6 per 100m2 of gross floor area 1.6 per 100m2 of gross floor area 1.6 per 100m2 of gross floor area
(d) Medical Facility 5.0 per 100m2 of gross floor area 5.0 per 100m2 of gross floor area 5.0 per 100m2 of gross floor area
(e) Office 1.0 per 100 m2 of gross floor area 2.2 per 100m2 of gross floor area 2.7 per 100m2 of gross floor area
(f) Post Secondary Educational Institution 1.2 per 100m2 of gross floor area 1.2 per 100m2 of gross floor area 1.5 per 100m2 of gross floor area
(g) Research And Development Centre; Technology Industry 1.0 per 100m2 of gross floor area 1.0 per 100m2 of gross floor area 1.0 per 100m2 of gross floor area
(h) Retail Store; Retail Food Store 1.0 per 100m2 of gross floor area 3.6 per 100m2 of gross floor area 4.0 per 100m2 of gross floor area
(i) Shopping Centre 1.0 per 100m2 of gross leasable floor area 3.6 per 100m2 of gross leasable floor area 4.0 per 100m2 of gross leasable floor area

Section 104 - Shared Parking Provisions

  1. Where more than one of the uses listed in Table 104 are located on the same lot, parking spaces may be shared between the uses, and the cumulative total of parking spaces required for all the uses on the lot may be reduced from that required in Section 101 to the amount calculated using Table 104.
  2. The number of parking spaces required for the lot under this section is calculated as follows:
    1. multiply the number of parking spaces required for the land use in Section 101 by the percentages shown in Table 104 for that use in each of the eight time periods;
    2. repeat (a) for each of the uses on the lot;
    3. for each time period add the parking space calculations for all the uses to arrive at a cumulative total; and
    4. the largest cumulative total for all the uses in any time period is the number of parking spaces required for the lot.
  3. Despite Subsection (1), this section does not apply to a shopping centre.         
Table 104 - Percentage of required parking permitted to be shared
Land Use II
Weekday - Morning
III
Weekday - Noon
IV
Weekday - Afternoon
V
Weekday - Evening
VI
Saturday1- Morning
VII
Saturday1- Noon
VIII
Saturday1- Afternoon
IX
Saturday1- Evening
(a) office; medical facility; research and development centre 100% 90% 100% 15% 20% 20% 10% 5%
(b) bank 80% 100% 100% 10% 80% 100% 60% 10%
(c) retail store; retail food store; personal service business; convenience store 75% 80% 85% 75% 60% 90% 100% 50%
(d) restaurant; bar 30% 90% 60% 100% 30% 80% 50% 100%
(e) cinema; theatre; amusement centre 40% 40% 60% 85% 40% 70% 80% 100%
(f) visitor parking required for residential uses in Section 102 50% 50% 75% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%

Section 105 - Tandem Parking Provisions

  1. Despite Section 100(5):
    1. Where an office use, a light or heavy industrial use, a warehouse, a hospital, a funeral home, or a place of worship is required to provide 50 or more motor vehicle parking spaces, 10% of those required motor vehicle parking spaces need not have direct, unobstructed access to a public street.
    2. Where a bed and breakfast use has three guest rooms, one required motor vehicle parking space need not have direct, unobstructed access to a public street.
    3. Where a group home is less than 350 square metres in gross floor area:
      1. up to three in-tandem parking spaces are permitted,
      2. two of the three parking spaces may be located in the driveway, and they may be located in a front yard if they are located in the driveway that leads to a required parking space;
      3. only one of the three parking spaces must have direct access to a public street or public lane by a driveway; and
      4. where parking is occurring in-tandem anywhere on the lot, no parking is permitted in the rear yard of the lot.
    4. In the case of a  Duplex Dwelling, Three-unit Dwelling or Low-rise Apartment Dwelling located within the area shown as Area A on Schedule 321, where two parking spaces are required under this By-law , one of the required parking spaces may be parked in tandem on a driveway that leads to a required parking space. (By-law 2014-189)
    5. 25% of the required motor vehicle parking spaces for an automobile service station need not have direct, unobstructed access to a public street.
  2. Despite Section 100(5), attendant parking is permitted in the Area A on Schedule 1 (Central Area) for a hotel, or in a principal use or accessory use parking garage or parking lot, provided: (By-law 2011-124)
    1. the regulations with respect to minimum parking space dimensions and aisle widths do not apply and no minimum dimensions are required, except that at least one aisle is required, extending from the parking garage driveway to within the length of a parking space of either the rear lot line or side lot line; and
    2. the regulations with respect to tandem parking do not apply, and tandem parking is permitted without any restrictions as to the percentage of tandem-parked vehicles that is permitted or to the number of parked vehicles which obstruct other parked vehicles.
  3. In the case of an apartment building, mid – high rise and low rise and stacked dwelling, where a dwelling unit has a driveway accessing its own required parking space, additional required parking may be located in tandem in the driveway.  (By-law 2016-249)    

Section 106 - Parking Space Provisions

  1. A motor vehicle parking space must have:
    1. a minimum width of 2.6 metres and a maximum width of 3.1 metres; and  (By-law 2018-155)
    2. a minimum length of 5.2 metres, except for parallel parking where a minimum length of 6.7 metres is required.
  2. Despite subsection (1), disabled parking spaces must comply with the provisions of the City of Ottawa Traffic and Parking By-law.
  3. Despite subsection (1), parking spaces, other than a visitor and parallel parking spaces, may be reduced in size for the following cases:
    1. up to 40% of the required parking spaces may be reduced to a minimum width of 2.4 metres and a minimum length of 4.6 metres;
      1. where the parking spaces are located in a parking lot or parking garage containing more than 20 spaces, and
      2. provided any reduced length space is clearly identified for small cars only;
    2. up to 50% of the required and provided parking spaces may be reduced to a minimum width of 2.4 metres:
      1. where 50 or more spaces are required for a broadcasting studio, heavy industrial use, light industrial use, office, post secondary educational institution, production studio, research and development centre and technology industry; and
      2. for an apartment dwelling, low rise, an apartment dwelling, mid rise, apartment dwelling, high rise or a mixed use building containing up to 20 dwelling units; (By-law 2014-292)
    3. up to 100% of the provided parking spaces for a rapid transit network, including a park and ride facility may be reduced to a minimum width of 2.4 metres. (By-law 2012-334)
  4. Despite subsection (3), where a parking space is located abutting or near a wall, column or other similar surface that obstructs the opening of the doors of a parked vehicle or limits access to a parking space, that parking space must have a minimum width of 2.6 metres.
  5. Despite subsection (1), a parking space complying with the provisions of the section may be divided into two spaces for small vehicles provided:
    1. the parking space is not parking required by this by-law;
    2. each of the two small vehicle spaces created has direct access to an aisle or a driveway, and
    3. no more than 5% of total number of parking spaces are divided into spaces for small vehicles.
    4. the parking space must be located in a parking lot. (By-law 2008-462)

Section 107 - Aisle and Driveway Provisions

  1. The following regulations apply to parking lots and parking garages, whether as principal or accessory uses:
    1. A driveway providing access to a parking lot or parking garage must have a minimum width of;
      1. three metres for a single traffic lane, and
      2. in the case of a parking lot, 6.7 metres for a double traffic lane; and (By-law 2016-249)
      3. in the case of a parking garage, 6.0 metres for a double traffic lane. (By-law 2016-249)
        (aa) Despite clause 107(1)(a), in the case of an apartment dwelling, low-rise, stacked dwelling, or an apartment mid-rise, or apartment high-rise, the maximum permitted width for a double traffic lane that leads to:  (i) Less than 20 parking spaces:  3.6m   (ii) 20 or more parking spaces:  6.7m (By-law 2014-289) 
    2. All driveways and aisles providing access to or located within a parking lot or parking garage must have a minimum vertical clearance clear of obstructions such as signs and other structures of;
      1. for a parking lot - two metres, and
      2. for a parking garage - in accordance with the Building Code, as amended.
    3. An aisle providing access to parking spaces in a parking lot or parking garage:
      1. must comply with the minimum required width specified in Table 107;
      2. despite (i), in the case of a parking garage, an aisle serving parking spaces angled at between 56 and 90 degrees must be at least 6.0 metres wide;
      3. despite (i) and (iii), no aisle is required for any parking space served by an automated parking system. (By-law 2016-249)
  2. A driveway providing access to parking spaces other than in a parking garage or parking lot must have a minimum width of 2.6 metres.  (By-law 2014-80)  (By-law 2016-249)
  3. Despite 107(2), in the case of a driveway providing access to a permitted parking space for a Detached Dwelling, Semi-detached Dwelling, Linked-detached Dwelling, Duplex Dwelling, Townhouse Dwelling or Stacked Dwelling:
    1. the driveway must have a minimum width of 2.6 metres.
    2. where a driveway is providing access to a permitted parking space located outside of the front yard and corner side yard it may be located in a front yard, in a corner side yard, in an interior yard, in the extension of an interior side yard into the front yard or in the extension of a corner side yard into a rear yard provided that: (By-law 2018-155)
      1. In the R1, R2, R3, R4 and R5 zones, no part of the driveway may be located between the front wall of the residential use building and the street nor, in the case of a corner lot, between the corner side wall of the residential use building and the street; and,  (By-law 2017-302)
      2. the area of the driveway does not exceed the greater of:
        1. 50 per cent of the area of the yard in which it is located, or
        2. 2.6 metres times the depth of the yard in which it is located.
    3. Despite subsection (3)(b)(i), on a lot within the area shown as Area A on Schedule 318, on which a residential use building was constructed and occupied on or prior to December 31, 2013, a driveway providing access to a permitted parking space may be widened in accordance with the following:
      1. a driveway's width may encroach into the extension of the interior side yard into the front yard;
      2. a driveway's width may encroach up to 1.8m into the area between the front wall of the residential use building and the street, provided that the combined width of that part of the driveway extending in front of the front wall and any walkway does not exceed 1.8m;
      3. in the case of a corner lot, a driveway's width may encroach up to 1.8m into the area between the corner side wall of the residential use building and the street, provided that the combined width of that part of the driveway extending in front of the corner side wall and any walkway does not exceed 1.8m;
      4. any part of any driveway located between the front wall or corner side wall of the residential use building and the street must consist of non-vegetative materials such as brick, pavers, rock, stone, concrete, tile and wood, excluding monolithic concrete and asphalt. (By-law 2014-80)

Part 4 - Parking, Queuing and Loading Provisions (Sections 100-114)

Table 107- Minimum Required Aisle Width
I
Angle of Parking (degrees)
II
Minimum Required Aisle Width (metres)
(a) 0-40 3.5
(b) 41-55 4.3
(c) 56-70 6.5
(d) 71-90 6.7

Section 108 - Steep Driveways

  1. The gradient of a driveway leading to:
    1. one parking space only, must not exceed an average of 8%, when measured from the lot line to the lowest point of the face of the garage door; and 
      1. More than one parking space where accessory to a detached dwelling, semi-detached dwelling, duplex dwelling, three unit dwelling, or townhouse dwelling, not contained within a planned unit development, must not exceed an average of 8%, when measured from the lot line to the lowest point of the face of the garage door; and, (By-law 2018-155) 
    2. more than one parking space, must not exceed that specified in the City of Ottawa Private Approach By-law.
  2. Despite subsection (1)(a), where a driveway exceeding a gradient of 8%:
    1. is non-complying; and
    2. cannot be brought into conformity with this provision, that driveway may be eliminated by filling it in; and the driveway, and the parking space to which it led, may be re-established in the front yard if all of the following apply:
      1. it is located on the elevated portion of the filled-in driveway,
      2. filling in the driveway has the effect of eliminating a parking space that is: 
        1. required under Section 101;
        2. permitted; or
        3. legally non-complying; and, (By-law 2017-148)  
      3. that parking space cannot otherwise be re-established on the lot in conformity with the provisions of this by-law.

Section 109 - Location of Parking

Parking location restrictions for certain select non-residential zones

  1. In the TM and MD Zones, no person may park a motor vehicle:
    1. in a required and provided front yard;
    2. in a required and provided corner side yard;
    3. in the extension of a required corner side yard into a rear yard; or
    4. in a required and provided rear yard abutting a street in the MD zone.
  2. In the LC, GM, AM and MC Zones, no person may park a motor vehicle: (By-law 2017-302)
    1. in a required front yard;
    2. in a required corner side yard; or
    3. in the extension of a required corner side yard into a rear yard.

Parking abutting a street prohibited in residential zones

  1. In the R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, V1, V2 and V3 zones: (By-law 2018-155)
    1. no parking space may be established and no person may park a motor vehicle:
      1. in a required and provided front yard;
      2. in a required and provided corner side yard; or
      3. in the extension of a required and provided corner side yard into a rear yard
    2. a walkway is permitted in any yard, provided that:
      1. the walkway does not exceed 1.8m in width; and
      2. the walkway consists of hard landscaping
    3. all portions of the front yard and the corner side yard not occupied by parking spaces, driveways, aisles, permitted projections, accessory buildings or structures or walkways must be landscaped with soft landscaping; and (By-law 2017-302)
    4. all portions of any other yard not covered by parking spaces, driveways, aisles, permitted projections, walkways, buildings or structures must be landscaped. (By-law 2014-80)
  2. Despite subsection 109(3)(a), in the R1, R2, R3, R4 and R5 Zones, where the use on the lot is a Detached Dwelling, Semi-detached Dwelling, Linked-detached Dwelling, Duplex Dwelling,  Townhouse Dwelling or Stacked Dwelling, a person may park a motor vehicle in a driveway permitted under Section 107. (By-law 2010-123) (By-law 2014-80)

    Part 4 - Parking, Queuing and Loading Provisions (Sections 100-114)

    Part 4 - Parking, Queuing and Loading Provisions (Sections 100-114)

Special circumstances where parking abutting a street is permitted in residential zones

  1. Despite subsection (3), parking is permitted in either a front yard, a corner side yard, or in the extension of a required corner side yard into a rear yard if all the following apply:
    1. the parking space is required for the residential use in the zone where that use is located but the use enjoys a right not to provide parking;
    2. parking cannot be located on the lot in conformity with the provisions of this by-law;
    3. the space is for one vehicle only; and
    4. a minimum parking space length of 4.6 metres is provided.
  2. The parking space installed under subsection (5) and the driveway leading to that parking space, or at the very least the wheel strips where the vehicle will be parked or driven, must be surfaced with a hard, stable, dust preventative and permeable material.
  3. A maximum of 50% of the area of a front or corner side yard or the required minimum width of one parking space, whichever is the greater, may be used for the parking space installed under subsection (5), the remainder of which, except for any areas occupied by projections permitted under Section 65 and a walkway with a maximum width of 1.8 metres, must be landscaped with soft landscaping.(By-law 2010-307)
  4. Where a parking space is installed under subsection (5), the angle formed by the length of the parking space and the lot line abutting the street must be at least 75 degrees but no greater than 105 degrees.
  5. Where a parking space is installed under subsection (5) and that space is for a:
    1. detached dwelling;
    2. linked-detached dwelling;
    3. semi-detached dwelling;
    4. duplex dwelling; or
    5. townhouse dwelling; (By-law 2012-334) 
      ​the width of the driveway leading to the parking space, and the parking space itself, must be at least 2.2 metres but must not be more than 2.6 metres.
  6. No part of a parking space introduced under subsection (5) may obstruct:
    1. a walkway; or
    2. the entrance of a dwelling.

Section 110 - Landscaping Provisions for Parking Lots

  1. Except in the case of an industrial zone, a minimum of 15% of the area of any parking lot, whether a principal or an accessory use, must be provided as perimeter or interior landscaped area comprised of the following:
    1. a landscaped buffer must be provided between the perimeter of the parking lot and a lot line in accordance with Table 110. A driveway may cross the landscaped buffer; and (OMB Order, File #PL080959 issued September 18, 2009) 
    2. in addition to the landscaped buffer, interior landscaping may be provided including various landscaped islands, landscaped medians, pedestrian pathways or public plazas to meet the minimum 15% requirement. (OMB Order, File #PL080959 issued September 18, 2009)
    Table 110- Minimum Required Width of a Landscaped Buffer of a Parking Lot (OMB Order, File #PL080959 issued September 18, 2009)
    I
    Location of Landscaped Buffer
    II
    For a parking lot containing 10 or fewer spaces
    III
    For a parking lot containing more than 10 but fewer than 100 spaces
    IV
    For a parking lot containing 100 or more spaces
    (a) Abutting a street 3 metres 3 metres 3 metres
    (b) Not abutting a street None 1.5 metres 3 metres
  2. Despite subsection (1), in the TM Zone, the 15% landscaped area requirement does not apply, but:
    1. Table 110 does apply;
    2. any area not used for parking or buildings must be landscaped; and
    3. the perimeter of the parking lot where it abuts a residential zone must be screened from view by an opaque screen with a minimum height of 1.5 metres.
  3. All outdoor loading and refuse collection areas contained within a parking lot must be:
    1. located at least nine metres from a lot line abutting a public street;
    2. located at least three metres from any other lot line; and
    3. screened from view by an opaque screen with a minimum height of two metres.

Section 111 - Bicycle Parking Space Rates and Provisions

Minimum Parking Rates

  1. Bicycle parking must be provided for the land uses and at the rate set out in Table 111A for lands located in Areas A (Central Area), B (Inner City Area) and C (Suburban Area) on Schedule 1 and in the villages of Ashton, Burritt's Rapids, Carlsbad Springs, Carp, Constance Bay, Cumberland, Dunrobin, Fallowfield, Fitzroy Harbour, Galetta, Greely, Kars, Kenmore, Kinburn, Manotick, Marionville, Metcalfe, Munster, Navan, North Gower, Notre Dame des Champs, Osgoode, Richmond, Sarsfield, Vars and Vernon located in Area D on Schedule 1.
  2. Where a building contains more than one use, bicycle parking must be provided for that building in accordance with the proportion of the building occupied by each use and the rate set out in Table 111A for each use.

    Table 111A - Bicycle parking space rates

    I Land use II Minimum number of spaces required
    (a)  retirement home; retirement home, converted; rooming house; rooming unit other than within a post secondary educational facility (By-law 2018-206) 0.25 per dwelling unit or rooming unit
    (b) (i) ) apartment building, low rise; apartment dwelling, mid rise; apartment dwelling, high rise, dwelling unit in the same building as a non-residential use;  stacked dwelling without a garage or carport for each dwelling unit  (By-law 2014-292)
    (ii) stacked dwellings with a garage or carport for each dwelling unit (OMB File #PL080959 issued November 5, 2009)
    0.50 per dwelling unit

    no bicycle parking required
    (OMB File #PL080959 issued November 9, 2009)
    (c) rooming unit or dwelling unit within a post secondary educational facility 0.75 per dwelling unit or rooming unit
    (d) school 1 per 100 m2 of gross floor area
    (e) bank; convenience store; day care; office; post office; post secondary educational institution; restaurant; retail food store; retail store 1 per 250 m2 of gross floor area
    (f) library; municipal service centre; personal service business; retail food store 8,000 m2 of gross floor area or greater; retail store 8,000 m2 of gross floor area or greater; service or repair shop; shopping centre 1 per 500 m2 of gross floor area
    (g) airport; bus station; hospital; hotel; light industrial use; medical facility; technology industry; train station 1 per 1000 m2 of gross floor area
    (h) animal hospital; storage yard; truck transport terminal; warehouse (Subject to By-law 2015-190) 1 per 2000 m2 of gross floor area
    (i) all other non-residential uses 1 per 1500 m2 of gross floor area

Location of Bicycle Parking Spaces

  1. Bicycle parking must be located on the same lot as the use or building for which it is provided.
  2. Bicycle parking spaces must be located in order to provide convenient access to main entrances or well-used areas.
  3. Deleted as per (OMB File #PLO80959 issued November 5, 2009)
  4. A bicycle parking space may be located in any yard.
  5. A maximum of 50% of the required bicycle parking spaces or 15 spaces, whichever is greater, may be located in a landscaped area. (By-law 2011-124)

Bicycle Parking Space Provisions

  1. A bicycle parking space must comply with the minimum parking space dimensions specified in Table 111B.

    Table 111B - Minimum bicycle parking space dimensions

    I Orientation II Minimum Space Width III Minimum Space Length
    (a) Horizontal 0.6 metres 1.8 metres
    (b) Vertical 0.5 metres 1.5 metres
    (By-law 2010-237)
  2. A bicycle parking space must have access from an aisle having a minimum width of 1.5 metres.
  3. Where four or more bicycle parking spaces are provided in a common parking area, each bicycle parking space must contain a parking rack that is securely anchored to the ground and attached to a heavy base such as concrete.
  4.  A maximum of 50% of the bicycle parking spaces required by this by-law may be vertical spaces, and the rest must be horizontal spaces.
  5. Where the number of bicycle parking spaces required for a single office or residential building exceeds fifty 50 spaces, a minimum of 25% of that required total must be located within:
    1. a building or structure;
    2. a secure area such as a supervised parking lot or enclosure with secure entrance; or
    3. bicycle lockers.
  6. Despite Section 101, the motor vehicle parking required for any non-residential use may be reduced by one motor vehicle parking space for every 13 square metres of gross floor area provided as shower rooms, change rooms, locker rooms and other similar facilities intended for the use of bicyclists in conjunction with required or provided bicycle parking. (By-law 2015-190)

Section 112 - Provisions for Drive-Through Operations

  1. Where a drive-through facility is a listed permitted use, and is provided on a site, off-street motor vehicle queuing space must be provided for that drive-through facility leading both to and from each service bay, window, kiosk or booth for the uses specified and at the rate set out in Table 112.
    Table 112- Minimum Number of Queuing Spaces Required
    I Land Use II Leading to Use III Leaving Use
    (a) Bank or bank machine 3 before/at each machine 1 after each machine
    (b) Car Wash (i) Conveyor Type 10 before/in each wash bay 1 after each wash bay (if a through bay)
    (ii) Automatic Type 10 before/in each wash bay 1 after each wash bay (if a through bay)
    (iii) Manual Type 5 before/in each wash bay 1 after each wash bay (if a through bay)
    (c) Restaurant (i) No order board 4 spaces before/at service window; 4 spaces before/at service window;
    (ii) With order board 7 before/at order board and a minimum total of 11 (OMB Order, File #PL080959 issued May 20, 2009) 7 before/at order board and a minimum total of 11 (OMB Order, File #PL080959 issued May 20, 2009)
    (d) In all other cases 3 spaces before/at service window 3 spaces before/at service window
  2. All queuing spaces must be:
    1. at least 3 metres wide; and
    2. at least 5.7 metres long.
  3. No queuing line, drive-through window or order board may be located within 3 metres of a lot line abutting a residential zone.
  4. Despite subsection (3), where a queuing line, drive-through window or order board is located 3 metres or more from a residential zone, but is still within a yard abutting a residential zone, it must be screened from view from that residential zone by an opaque screen with a minimum height of 1.5 metres.(By-law 2011-124)
  5. This section does not apply to queuing spaces provided for an electric vehicle charging station. (By-law 2017-302)

Section 113 - Loading Space Rates and Provisions

  1. Except in the case of uses in an LC Zone and on lots abutting Rideau Street, Sparks Street and Bank Street in Area A (Central Area) of Schedule 1, off-street motor vehicle loading spaces must be provided for the specified land uses at the rate set out in Table 113A.
  2. Where more than one use is located in a building or on a lot, vehicle loading spaces must be provided for each use in accordance with the rate set out in Table 113A.
  3. A vehicle loading space may be located wholly or partly within a building or structure.
  4. Despite subsection (1), in the TM Zone, a vehicle loading space is only required for uses that have a gross floor area of 1,000 m2 or more, except for an office or research and development centre use for which a vehicle loading space is only required if the use has a gross floor area of 4,000 m2 or more.
    Table 113A- Minimum Number of Vehicle Loading Spaces Required
    I Land Use Minimum Number of Vehicle Loading Spaces Required per Square Metres of Gross Floor Area
    II
    Less than 350 m2
    III
    350-999 m2
    IV
    1000-1999 m2
    V
    2000-4999 m2
    VI
    5000-9999 m2
    VII
    10000-14999 m2
    VIII
    15000-24999 m2
    IX
    25000 m2 and over
    (a) Heavy industrial use, light industrial use, truck transport terminal, warehouse, hospital, museum, place of worship, post secondary educational institution, school, sports arena, theatre, medical marihuana production facility  (By-law 2014-74) 0 1 1 1 2 2 3
    (b) Office, research and development centre, except in the TM Zone (see 113(4) above) 0 1 1 1 2 2 2
    (c) Retail food store, retail store, shopping centre, except in the TM Zone (see 113(4) above) 0 0 1 2 2 2 2
    (d) All other non-residential uses, except in the TM Zone (see 113(4) above) 0 1 1 2 2 2 2
    (e) Residential uses None required None required None required None required None required None required None required
  5. Where a loading space is required by this by-law, it must comply with the regulations set out in Table 113B:
    Table 113B- Regulations for Vehicle Loading Spaces
    I Zoning Mechanism II
    Standard Size Space
    III
    Oversized Space (see Table 113C for Number of Oversized Spaces Required)
    (a) Minimum Width in metres of Driveway Accessing Loading Space (i) Single traffic lane - 3.5

    (ii) Double traffic lane - 6
    (b) Minimum Width in metres of Aisle Accessing Loading Space, by Angle of Loading Space (i) 45° or less 5 11
    (ii) Between 45° and 60° 6.3 14
    (iii) 60° to 90° 9 17
    (c) Minimum Width in metres of Loading Space 3.5 4.3
    (d) Minimum Length in metres of Loading Space (i) Parallel 9 13
    (ii) Other cases 7 13
    (e) Minimum Vertical Clearance in metres for Loading Space 4.2
    (f) Permitted Location of Loading Space Permitted in all locations other than in a required front yard or required corner side yard, or in a required yard abutting a residential zone
  6. A portion of the vehicle loading spaces required under subsection (1) must be provided as oversized vehicle loading spaces for buildings exceeding the gross floor area indicated in Table 113C. These spaces must comply with the oversized vehicle loading space provisions of Table 113B.
    Table 113C- Number of Oversized Vehicle Loading Spaces Required
    I Land Use II Minimum Gross Floor Area of Building (m2) III Number of Oversized Spaces Required
    (a) Retail food store, retail store 2,000 ½ of the required spaces
    (b) Heavy industrial use, light industrial use, truck transport terminal, warehouse 5,000 1 space for first 5,000 square metres plus all required spaces for gross floor area exceeding 5,000 square metres

Section 114 - Parking Credits

  1. Where,
    1. immediately prior to date of the enactment of this by-law a use complies with the provisions of the predecessor of this by-law; and
    2. there is a difference between,
      1. the number of parking spaces provided for that use under the predecessor by-law, and
      2. the minimum number of parking spaces required for that use by this by-law, the additional parking spaces required by this by-law need not be provided, as long as that use continues.
  2. Where a use covered under subsection (1) changes from one permitted use to another permitted use and the minimum number of parking spaces required is the same for both the new use and the previous use, no additional parking spaces are required.
  3. Where a use covered under subsection (1) changes from one permitted use to another permitted use and the minimum number of parking spaces required is less for the new use than for the previous use, no additional parking spaces are required; and the parking spaces that were provided for the previous use may be reduced to the minimum number of parking spaces required for the new use.
  4. Where a use covered under subsection (1) changes from one permitted use to another permitted use and the minimum number of parking spaces required for the new use is greater than the minimum number of spaces required for the previous use, additional parking spaces must be provided for the difference between what the previous use required and what the new use requires under this bylaw.
  5. Where an extension or addition is made to a building mentioned in subsections (1) to (4), or to a building mentioned in Section 3, additional parking spaces must be provided for the extension or addition in conformity with the minimum number of parking spaces required by this by-law for that use.