Photography is a powerful tool for recording significant, often once-in-a-lifetime, moments in history that cannot be repeated. A single photograph can stimulate a range of emotions: love, hate, anxiety, awe, fear and nostalgia, to name a few.
The history of photography spans centuries and continues to evolve today with the rise of digital technology. As the medium continues its growth, so too does its accessibility and popularity, with more people taking pictures now than ever before.
In 1888, George Eastman changed the world of photography by inventing the Kodak camera. For roughly $25, the average person could purchase a camera that was pre-loaded with film. When the film was full people would send the camera back to Kodak who developed the pictures, reloaded the camera with new film, and sent the camera and prints back to the photographer. The camera was, “light, inexpensive and extremely simple to operate” (Willsberger 4). In the first four years of production, over 90,000 cameras were sold.
Clubs and societies of amateur photographers appeared across Canada, and more and more people began documenting their lives.
New mass-produced cameras followed the Kodak, including the Cambier Bolton (1898), the Leica camera (1912, 1924), the Rolleiflex (1929), and the Polaroid (1947). In the late 1940s and 1950s, the 4 x 5 speed graphic camera became the standard for news photography, and the Newton Firm used it exclusively.
Title/ Description: Scenic view of Dufresne's Mill. The Newton's business was centred around news photography and studio portraits. Stock photography, such as scenery, was also important to the business.
Date: May 3, 1959.
Credit: Andrews-Newton Photographers Fond / City of Ottawa Archives / MG393-AN-AH-000147-001.
Copyright: City of Ottawa Archives.