New ward boundaries for the October 2022 Municipal Elections
The City of Ottawa will have new ward boundaries for the 2022 Municipal Elections and 2022-2026 Term of Council. There will be one new ward and new names for six existing wards.
During its October 13, 2021 meeting, City Council considered the Ottawa Ward Boundary Review 2020 - Implementation Report regarding the implementation of the new ward boundary structure established through the Ottawa Ward Boundary Review 2020 and subsequent order from the Ontario Land Tribunal.
With the new 24-ward structure set to take effect for the 2022 Municipal Elections, Council approved renaming six existing wards to reflect geographical areas and community names. Council also established a name and number for the new ward (Ward 24 – Barrhaven East). All of the City’s current wards will keep the same ward numbers for the 2022 Municipal Elections.
The ward boundaries, names and numbers set out below will serve as the basis for administering the municipal elections on October 24, 2022 and will be effective as of November 15, 2022. As outlined in the Ward Boundaries and Council Composition By-law, the 2022-2026 Term of Council will be composed of the Mayor, elected by general vote, and 24 other members, elected on the basis of one Member for each of the 24 wards.
Maps of the 2022-2026 Term of Council ward boundaries
City wide PDF [2 MB]
|Ward number||Ward name (effective November 15, 2022, and to be used for the 2022 Municipal Elections)||Current ward name|
|Ward 1||Orléans East-Cumberland||Orléans|
|Ward 2||Orléans West-Innes||Innes|
|Ward 3||Barrhaven West||Barrhaven|
|Ward 4||Kanata North||Kanata North|
|Ward 5||West Carleton-March||West Carleton-March|
|Ward 11||Beacon Hill-Cyrville||Beacon Hill-Cyrville|
|Ward 18||Alta Vista||Alta Vista|
|Ward 19||Orléans South-Navan||Cumberland|
|Ward 22||Riverside South-Findlay Creek||Gloucester-South Nepean|
|Ward 23||Kanata South||Kanata South|
|Ward 24||Barrhaven East||Not applicable – New ward|
In early 2022, election-related information will be available on the City’s Elections website.
Information regarding the comprehensive Ottawa Ward Boundary Review 2020 is provided below.
The City of Ottawa reviewed its ward boundaries in 2020. Ward boundaries must be reviewed periodically to balance population numbers and achieve other components of “effective representation,” as established by the Supreme Court of Canada and the Ontario Land Tribunal (OLT), which was formerly Ontario’s Local Planning Appeal Tribunal (LPAT) / the Ontario Municipal Board. The last major review was completed in 2005 and established the City's 23 wards.
Since the last major ward boundary review, Ottawa has seen considerable population growth, especially in suburban wards outside the Greenbelt. Some wards are growing twice as fast as others, creating population imbalances.
The Ottawa Ward Boundary Review 2020 was meant to establish boundaries that can be used in at least three municipal elections (2022, 2026 and 2030) and, perhaps, a fourth municipal election in 2034.
Based on direction from City Council, an independent, third-party consultant team conducted the Ottawa Ward Boundary Review 2020 to ensure it was objective and impartial. The team consulted extensively with the public, Members of Council and stakeholder groups, including school boards.
The project included two rounds of public consultation. Residents and businesses shared their thoughts through surveys and discussions.
During Round 1 of public consultation (Wednesday, March 4, 2020 to Friday, April 3, 2020), input was received about the changes individuals wanted to see to the current ward boundaries. Following the Round 1 consultation, the Finance and Economic Development Committee and City Council received the Options Report from the consultant team, which included five options for realigning Ottawa’s wards, during their meetings on July 7, 2020, and July 15, 2020, respectively. During its meeting on July 15, 2020, Council requested the development of a sixth ward boundary option, based on certain criteria, which led to the Supplementary Report that provided a sixth option. The Options Report and the Supplementary Report, a document detailing minor adjustments to the Option 1 to 5 maps and the sixth ward boundary option are available on this website under Reports and documents.
In Round 2 of public consultation (Wednesday, August 19, 2020 to Friday, September 25, 2020), feedback was collected on the six ward boundary options. Following the Round 2 consultation on the six options, the consultant team developed its Recommended Ward Boundaries – Final Report. The Final Report was considered by the Finance and Economic Development Committee and Council during their meetings of December 1, 2020 and December 9, 2020, respectively. The Final Report continues to be available on this website under Reports and documents.
At the meeting of December 9, 2020, Council approved a new ward boundary structure for the City of Ottawa. On January 27, 2021, Council enacted By-law No. 2021-3, titled, “A by-law of the City of Ottawa to establish ward boundaries and Council composition.”
Following Council’s approval of By-law No. 2021-3, there was a 45-day statutory period in which notices of appeal for the OLT could be filed with the City setting out the objections to the by-law and the reasons in support of the objections. The appeal period ended on March 15, 2021. The City received two notices of appeal during the appeal period that were forwarded to the OLT before March 30, 2021.
During its meeting on April 14, 2021, City Council approved a motion directing Legal Services to seek specific boundary modifications from the OLT related to By-law No. 2021-3 as a potential settlement to the two ward boundary appeals.
On July 12, 2021, the OLT considered the appeals. In a written decision released on September 2, 2021, the Tribunal made an Order (Case No. MM210013) modifying the By-law to include the specific ward boundary modifications approved by Council on April 14, 2021. The Tribunal further dismissed the balance of the appeals and did not order any other changes to the By-law.
A report on the implementation of the new ward boundary structure was considered by Council on October 13, 2021. The ward boundaries, names and numbers will serve as the basis for administering the municipal elections on October 24, 2022 and will be effective as of November 15, 2022.
Reports and documents
Implementation Report (October 2021)
Recommended Ward Boundaries - Final Report (December 2020)
Maps of recommended ward boundaries [2 to 5 MB]:
Options and Supplementary Reports (July and August 2020)
Maps of the six options [2 to 5MB]:
Staff report (June 2019)
Presentation – Round 1 Public Engagement (March and April 2020) [858 KB]
Presentation – Round 2 Public Engagement (August and September 2020) [6 MB]
Presentation - Finance and Economic Development Committee (December 2020) [2 MB]
Other supporting documents
Ward Boundary Review 2020 Backgrounder (March 2020) [750 KB]
Why did the City revisit Ottawa’s ward structure?
In June 2019, City Council directed City staff to retain an independent consultant to conduct a comprehensive review of the City of Ottawa’s ward boundaries. The review was meant to establish boundaries that could be used in at least three municipal elections (2022, 2026 and 2030) and, perhaps, a fourth municipal election in 2034. The last major review of Ottawa’s ward boundaries occurred in 2004-2005.
The City of Ottawa has seen a considerable spike in population since the last ward boundary review – particularly in Barrhaven (Ward 3), where there has been expanded development of residential communities. The population in other wards has also increased, notably in Gloucester-South Nepean (Ward 22) and Cumberland (Ward 19). Population projections indicate these areas will continue to grow.
A review of ward boundaries is intended to achieve “effective representation” as established by the Supreme Court of Canada. Effective representation is the “goal” of all ward boundary reviews.
What is Effective Representation?
Generally speaking, “effective representation” means that one person’s vote should be of similar weight to another person’s vote. When applied to wards, the term suggests that wards should be of similar population size. In practice, achieving effective representation for ward boundary reviews involves balancing several components:
- Voter Parity: Ward populations should be similar but not identical and should be in the range of +/-10 per cent to +/-15 per cent of the average ward population. Larger percentage variations are possible, but only in exceptional circumstances such as in Ottawa’s functioning rural community or in rapidly growing wards.
- Natural/Physical Boundaries: Ward boundaries have to be recognizable. Natural boundaries such as rivers and the Greenbelt, and physical boundaries such as highways, railways and arterial roads make good boundaries.
- Geographic Communities of Interest: Ottawa’s neighbourhoods such as the Glebe or Hintonburg and commercial areas such as the ByWard Market are considered to be “communities of interest.” When re-aligning ward boundaries, geographically contiguous communities of interest should not be divided, unless they are so large that they must be split to achieve voter parity.
- Minority Interests: Minority interests should be considered if they are geographically based.
- Ward History: Ward design should, where possible, consider the history of the ward. However, ward history by itself cannot override other major criteria such as voter parity, strong natural/physical boundaries and communities of interest.
- Capacity to Represent: Capacity to represent is often equated with Councillors’ workload. It includes matters such as ward size, types and complexity of issues, ongoing growth and development, etc. and has to be taken into consideration when designing wards.
- Geographic Size and Shape of a Ward: All wards cannot be the same geographic size. Some areas of the city are more densely populated than others and some wards have more open space. Ottawa is especially unique with respect to this component of effective representation because of its large rural area.
- Population Growth: The results of the Ottawa Ward Boundary Review 2020 are meant to last for at least three municipal elections (2022, 2026 and 2030) and, perhaps, a fourth municipal election in 2034. The target election for an evaluation of effective representation is 2026. This allows for Ottawa’s expected growth to be factored into ward boundary calculations.
- Balancing the Components of Effective Representation: While all components of effective representation must be taken into consideration, they are not all equal. Voter parity, respecting communities of interest, and well-defined, coherent ward boundaries are the most important components.
How did the City review its ward structure?
In accordance with Council direction, an independent third-party consultant team was retained to lead the comprehensive ward boundary review in order to ensure that the process of determining ward boundaries was impartial and approached without preconceived ideas or predetermined outcomes.
During the 12-month process, the consultant team:
- Completed background research
- Developed population projections
- Led the public consultation process to collect opinions about Ottawa's current ward boundaries (Round 1)
- Developed five options for realigning Ottawa’s wards
- Prepared and presented an Information Report to the Finance and Economic Development Committee and City Council setting out options for re-aligning Ottawa’s wards
- Developed a sixth option at City Council's request, based on certain criteria
- Led the public consultation process to collect feedback on the six options to realign Ottawa's wards (Round 2)
- Prepared and presented their Recommended Ward Boundaries - Final Report to the Finance and Economic Development Committee and City Council
What did the consultation process look like?
Consultation was conducted in two rounds. Round 1 collected input on what the public, stakeholders and Members of Council would like to see changed in Ottawa’s current ward boundary alignment, while Round 2 collected feedback on the six options for realigning Ottawa's wards.
Some of the public meetings and sessions with stakeholders for Round 1 were cancelled as part of the City’s response to COVID-19. Due to the necessary cancellation of the in-person public meetings, residents and stakeholders were strongly encouraged to complete the online survey, submit input through the Guest Book, or provide written input.
Because of the continuing COVID-19 pandemic, six public consultation sessions during Round 2 were held via Zoom. Three of the sessions invited comments from participants from all over the city, while another three sessions focused more on each of Ottawa’s geographic communities – urban, suburban and rural. Three additional Zoom sessions were held for stakeholders (e.g. Business Improvement Areas, school boards, city-wide associations, community groups, etc.). Sessions occurred on varying days of the week – including Saturday – and times ranged from mid-morning to late afternoon to the evening hours. Round 2 also included a public survey (online and available in hardcopy), virtual interviews with all Members of Council, and an online public engagement component through Engage.Ottawa.ca.
Who led the review?
The consultant team consists of:
- Beate Bowron, Beate Bowron Etcetera (Project Manager and responsible for the public consultation process)
- Dr. Gary Davidson, The Davidson Group (Responsible for ward boundary re- alignment options and final recommendations)
- Russell Mathew and Patrick Barbieri, Hemson Consulting Ltd. (Responsible for population projections)
Members of the consultant team are familiar with Ottawa and have extensive experience in conducting ward boundary reviews.
When will the new ward boundaries come into effect?
Changes to ward boundaries will be effective November 15, 2022, and will serve as the basis for the next municipal election, to be held on October 24, 2022.
Is this going to affect the school board elections?
School board electoral areas (zones) are composed of one or more municipal wards. Therefore, changes to the ward boundaries could affect the school boards’ electoral boundaries. Any new boundaries would be established by the school boards.
Where can I find a map of the current Ottawa wards and their populations?
Current Ward Maps and Population
Ward maps and population
|Ward Number||Ward Name||Ward Councillor||Population 2019 year end|
|4||Kanata North||Cathy Curry||38,497|
|5||West Carleton-March||Eli El-Chantiry||26,003|
|11||Beacon Hill-Cyrville||Tim Tierney||33,982|
|18||Alta Vista||Jean Cloutier||44,648|
|22||Gloucester-South Nepean||Carol Anne Meehan||55,656|
|23||Kanata South||Allan Hubley||49,915|
Interactive map – 2022-2026 Term of Council ward boundaries
This is an interactive map of Ottawa that offers a way to view the 2022-2026 ward boundaries in relation to the current ward system. It will allow you to see how the 2022-2026 ward boundaries affect you and your city.
Tips for using the interactive mapping feature:
- The 2022-2026 ward boundaries are currently visible in the interactive map below. To view the 2022-2026 ward boundaries in relation to the current ward structure, existing urban boundary or aerial imagery, click on the Layers drop down in the upper left-hand corner of the screen and select the ward(s) of interest.
- To clear all selections, click on the Layers drop down and toggle the layer off and then back on.
- Users can view and zoom to an area of interest by clicking on an area of the map. The ward number and Zoom to function will appear in a pop-up.
- Clicking on the +/- symbols or using the scroll button on your mouse also allows users to zoom in and out.
- To pan, click on the map and hold while moving the mouse in the desired direction.
- This application works best in the Google Chrome web browser.