The right kinds of land use, the combination of uses, and the intensity of activities have a direct relationship to the efficiency of transit. Locating uses close to transit that will either generate or attract a high percentage of riders, or combinations of uses that will do so throughout the day or night or that will enable people to perform multiple tasks at one location will enhance the level and frequency of service that can be provided and the efficiency of the transit system. Additional functional efficiencies can be obtained if these uses are built at medium to high densities as greater concentrations of people justify higher levels of transit service.
Provide transit supportive land uses within a 600 metre walking distance of a rapid transit stop or station.
Transit-supportive land uses encourage transit use and transportation network efficiency as they:
- Establish high residential and/or employee densities
- Create travel outside of the am/pm peak periods
- Promote reverse-flow travel
- Attract and generate pedestrian and cycling traffic
- Provide extended hours of activity, throughout the day and week.
Examples of transit-supportive land uses include: townhouses; apartments; child care facilities; hotels; medical clinics; restaurants; affordable housing; libraries; recreational and cultural facilities; fitness clubs; movie theatres; call centres; offices; high schools and post secondary institutions. Refer to the text and maps of the Official Plan (Section 3 and Schedule B) and the City’s Zoning By-Law for specific types of uses that are permitted within different areas.
City of Minneapolis, Minnesota
Figure 1: Encourage transit supportive land uses within 600 metres of a rapid transit stop or station.
Discourage non transit-supportive land uses that are oriented primarily to the automobile and not the pedestrian, cyclist or transit user. Non transit-supportive land uses are those that:
- Generate exclusively high levels of vehicle activity·
- Use large amounts of land with low-density form·
- Require extensive surface parking areas and are oriented towards users arriving by automobile·
- Create negative impacts for pedestrians, such as isolation, windswept walks, and numerous vehicle crossings on sidewalks·
- Typically do not encourage extended hours of activity.
Examples of non transit-supportive land uses include: Automotive parts, repair and service; car dealerships; car washes; drive through facilities; gas/service stations; commercial surface parking; warehouse storage; animal boarding; commercial nurseries; and low-density residential developments on large lots (>12m).
Figure 2: Discourage non-transit supportive land uses within 600 metres of a rapid transit stop or station.
Create a multi-purpose destination for both transit users and local residents through providing a mix of different land uses that support a vibrant area community and enable people to meet many of their daily needs locally, thereby reducing the need to travel. Elements include a variety of different housing types, employment, local services and amenities that are consistent with the policy framework of the Official Plan and the City’s Zoning By-Law. The mix of different uses can all be within one building and/or within different buildings within close proximity of one another.
Tunney’s Pasture Transitway Station, Ottawa
Figure 3a: The Tunney’s Pasture Transitway Station is a multi-purpose destination offering a diverse mix of transit-supportive uses that help enable people to meet many of their daily needs, thereby reducing their overall need to travel.
San Diego, California
Figure 3b: American Plaza in San Diego is an example of a mixed-use TOD building with uses geared towards both local and non-local residents alike, featuring office space (49 000 m2), retail (2000 m2) and a museum (1000 m2).
Clarence Street, Ottawa
Figure 3c: The Byward Market is within 600 metres of rapid transit and offers a variety of different uses throughout the day and evening. It is a popular destination for many people across the City and is also a place where people can live, work and shop.
Figure 3d: The Homme de Fer station area in Strasbourg, France is a hub of activity centered on many transit supportive uses that cater to local residents, transit users and tourists.
Sparks Street, Ottawa
Figure 3e: Sparks Street is a lively pedestrian mall located within 200 metres of Ottawa’s Transitway that offers a mix of transit-supportive uses that cater to both transit and non-transit users alike.