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Animals – Ottawa’s Wildlife

Find out more about the many species of wildlife that share our City.

Avoiding Problems with wildlife

Basic information and tips on how to avoid problems with wildlife around your home and neighbourhood.

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Bugs

Learn about some of the different insects and other "bugs" present in the Ottawa area. View lists of our local butterflies, dragonflies and damselflies to find out their common name, scientific name, and if they are at risk.

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Herpetofauna - Reptiles and Amphibians

Learn about the different reptiles and amphibians present in the Ottawa area. Find out their common name, scientific name, and if they are at risk.

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Mammals

Common Name (English) Common Name (French) Scientific Name Legal Status Comments
Northern Short-tailed Shrew grande musaraigne Blarina brevicauda N/A N/A
Common Shrew musaraigne cendrée Sorex cinereus N/A N/A
Smoky Shrew musaraigne fuligineuse Sorex fumeus N/A N/A
Pygmy Shrew musaraigne pygmée Sorex hoyi N/A N/A
Water Shrew musaraigne palustre Sorex palustris N/A N/A
Star-nosed Mole condylure à nez étoilé Condylura cristata N/A N/A
Eastern Small-footed Bat chauve-souris pygmée de l'Est Myotis leibii Endangered (ON) N/A
Little Brown Bat petite chauve-souris brune Myotis lucifugus Endangered (CAN/ON) N/A
Northern Long-eared Bat chauve-souris nordique Myotis septentrionalis Endangered (CAN/ON) N/A
Silver-haired Bat chauve-souris argentée Lasionycteris noctivagans N/A N/A
Tri-coloured Bat (Eastern Pipistrelle) pipistrelle de l'Est Perimyotis subflavus Endangered (CAN/ON) N/A
Big Brown Bat grande chauve-souris brune Eptesicus fuscus N/A N/A
Eastern Red Bat chauve-souris rousse Lasiurus borealis N/A N/A
Hoary Bat chauve-souris cendrée Lasiurus cinereus N/A N/A
Eastern Cottontail lapin à queue blanche Sylvilagus floridanus N/A N/A 
Northern Flying Squirrel grand polatouche Glaucomys sabrinus N/A N/A
Southern Flying Squirrel petit polatouche Glaucomys volans Not at risk (CAN/ON) N/A
Snowshoe Hare lièvre d'Amérique Lepus americanus N/A N/A
European Hare lièvre d'Europe Lepus europaeus N/A Non-native species
Eastern Chipmunk tamia rayé Tamias striatus N/A N/A
Woodchuck marmotte commune Marmota monax N/A N/A
Gray Squirrel écureuil gris Sciurus carolinensis N/A N/A
Red Squirrel écureuil roux Tamiasciurus hudsonicus N/A N/A
Beaver castor du Canada Castor canadensis N/A N/A
White-footed Mouse souris à pattes blanches Peromyscus leucopus N/A N/A
Deer Mouse souris sylvestre Peromyscus maniculatus N/A  N/A
Southern Red-backed Vole campagnol à dos roux de Gapper Clethrionomys gapperi N/A  N/A 
Meadow Vole campagnol des champs Microtus pennsylvanicus N/A  N/A
Muskrat rat musqué Ondatra zibethicus N/A  N/A
Southern Bog Lemming campagnol-lemming de Cooper Synaptomys cooperi N/A One reported site in Ottawa (Brownell and Blaney, 1997).
Norway Rat rat surmulot Rattus norvegicus N/A Non-native species
House Mouse souris commune Mus musculus N/A  Non-native species
Meadow Jumping Mouse souris sauteuse des champs Zapus hudsonius N/A N/A 
Woodland Jumping Mouse souris sauteuse des bois Napaeozapus insignis N/A N/A 
Porcupine porc-épic d'Amérique Erethizon dorsatum N/A N/A
Coyote coyote Canis latrans N/A  N/A 
Algonquin Wolf loup de la region Algonquin Canis s.p.

Special concern (CAN)

Threatened (ON)

Occasional reports; known to occur northwest of Ottawa
Grey Fox renard gris Urocyon cinereoargenteus Threatened (CAN/ON) One post-1980 report in northwestern Ottawa (COSEWIC, 2002).
Red Fox renard roux Vulpes vulpes N/A  N/A 
Black Bear ours noir Ursus americanus N/A  N/A 
Raccoon raton laveur Procyon lotor N/A N/A
Marten martre d'Amérique Martes americana N/A  One record (roadkill) in rural South March Highlands, reported in 2011.
Fisher pékan Martes pennanti N/A  N/A 
Ermine (Short-tailed Weasel) hermine Mustela erminea N/A  N/A 
Long-tailed Weasel belette à longue queue Mustela frenata N/A N/A 
Mink vison d'Amérique Mustela vison N/A  N/A
Striped Skunk mouffette rayée Mephitis mephitis N/A N/A
River Otter loutre de rivière Lontra canadensis N/A  N/A
Eastern Cougar couguar de l'Est Puma concolor Endangered (ON) Occasional reports; none confirmed.
Canada Lynx lynx du Canada Lynx canadensis N/A N/A
White-tailed Deer cerf de Virginie Odocoileus virginianus N/A  N/A
Moose orignal Alces americanus N/A N/A

Based primarily on Atlas of the Mammals of Ontario (Dobbyn, 1994)
 

Fish

Common Name (English) Common Name (French) Scientific Name Legal Status Comments
Chestnut Lamprey lamproie brune Ichthyomyzon castaneus N/A Uncertain if it occurs here
Northern Brook Lamprey lamproie du Nord Ichthyomyzon fossor Special concern (CAN/ON) N/A
Silver Lamprey lamproie argentée Ichthyomyzon unicuspis Special concern (ON) Ottawa River primarily
American Brook Lamprey lamproie de l'Est Lampetra appendix N/A  N/A
Lake Sturgeon esturgeon jaune Acipenser fulvescens Threatened (ON) N/A 
Longnose Gar lépisosté osseux Lepisosteus osseus N/A  N/A
Bowfin poisson-castor Amia calva N/A N/A 
Mooneye laquaiche argentée Hiodon tergisus N/A  N/A
American Eel anguille d'Amérique Anguilla rostrata Under review (CAN) Endangered (ON) N/A
Alewife gaspareau Alosa pseudoharengus N/A  N/A
Central Stoneroller roule-caillou Campostoma anomalum N/A Found in Jock River by City staff.
Goldfish carassin Carassius auratus N/A Non-native species
Spotfin Shiner méné bleu Cyprinella spiloptera N/A N/A 
Common Carp carpe Cyprinus carpio N/A  Non-native species
Brassy Minnow méné laiton Hybognathus hankinsoni N/A N/A 
Eastern Silvery Minnow méné d'argent Hybognathus regius N/A  N/A
Common Shiner méné à nageoires rouges Luxilus cornutus N/A N/A
Pearl Dace mulet à cornes Margariscus margarita N/A  N/A
Hornyhead Chub tête à taches rouges Nocomis biguttatus N/A N/A 
Golden Shiner méné jaune Notemigonus crysoleucas N/A  N/A
Emerald Shiner méné émeraude Notropis atherinoides N/A N/A 
Bridle Shiner méné d'herbe Notropis bifrenatus Special concern (CAN/ON) Found in Rideau River by City staff in 2009.
Blackchin Shiner méné à menton noir Notropis heterodon N/A N/A
Blacknose Shiner méné à museau noir Notropis heterolepis N/A N/A 
Spottail Shiner méné à tache noire Notropis hudsonius N/A  N/A
Rosyface Shiner méné à tête rose Notropis rubellus N/A N/A 
Sand Shiner méné paille Notropis stramineus N/A N/A
Mimic Shiner méné pâle Notropis volucellus N/A N/A 
Northern Redbelly Dace méné ventre rouge Phoxinus eos N/A  N/A
Finescale Dace méné ventre citron Phoxinus neogaeus N/A N/A 
Bluntnose Minnow méné à museau arrondi Pimephales notatus N/A  N/A
Fathead Minnow méné à grosse tête Pimephales promelas N/A N/A
Blacknose Dace naseux noir de l'Est Rhinichthys atratulus N/A Widely reported by City staff.
Longnose Dace naseux des rapides Rhinichthys cataractae N/A N/A 
Creek Chub mulet à cornes Semotilus atromaculatus N/A  N/A
Fallfish ouitouche Semotilus corporalis N/A N/A 
Quillback couette Carpiodes cyprinus N/A  N/A
Longnose Sucker meunier rouge Catostomus catostomus N/A N/A 
White Sucker meunier noir Catostomus commersonii N/A  N/A
Silver Redhorse chevalier blanc Moxostoma anisurum N/A N/A 
River Redhorse chevalier de rivière Moxostoma carinatum Special concern (CAN/ON) N/A
Shorthead Redhorse chevalier rouge Moxostoma macrolepidotum N/A  N/A
Greater Redhorse chevalier jaune Moxostoma valenciennesi N/A N/A 
Yellow Bullhead barbotte jaune Ameiurus natalis N/A N/A
Brown Bullhead barbotte brune Ameiurus nebulosus N/A  N/A
Channel Catfish barbue de rivière Ictalurus punctatus N/A  N/A
Stonecat chat-fou des rapides Noturus flavus N/A N/A 
Tadpole Madtom chat-fou brun Noturus gyrinus N/A  N/A
Margined Madtom chat-fou liséré Noturus insignis N/A Occurs in Mississippi River upstream of Ottawa; unknown if it occurs here
Northern Pike grand brochet Esox lucius N/A N/A 
Muskellunge maskinongé Esox masquinongy N/A  N/A
Central Mudminnow umbre de vase Umbra limi N/A N/A 
Rainbow Smelt éperlan arc-en-ciel Osmerus mordax N/A  N/A
Lake Cisco (Lake Herring) cisco de lac Coregonus artedi N/A N/A 
Lake Whitefish grand corégone Coregonus clupeaformis N/A N/A
Rainbow Trout truite arc-en-ciel Oncorhynchus mykiss  N/A Non-native species
Brown Trout truite brune Salmo trutta N/A Non-native species
Brook Trout omble de fontaine Salvelinus fontinalis N/A N/A 
Trout-perch omisco Percopsis omiscomaycus N/A  N/A
Burbot lotte Lota lota N/A N/A 
Brook Silverside crayon-d'argent Labidesthes sicculus N/A  N/A
Banded Killifish fondule barré Fundulus diaphanus Not at risk (CAN/ON) N/A 
Brook Stickleback épinoche à cinq épines Culaea inconstans N/A  N/A
Threespine Stickleback épinoche à trois épines Gasterosteus aculeatus N/A N/A
Mottled Sculpin chabot tacheté Cottus bairdii N/A N/A
Rock Bass crapet de roche Ambloplites rupestris N/A N/A 
Pumpkinseed crapet soleil Lepomis gibbosus N/A  N/A
Bluegill crapet arlequin Lepomis macrochirus N/A N/A 
Smallmouth Bass achigan à petite bouche Micropterus dolomieu N/A  N/A
Largemouth Bass achigan à grande bouche Micropterus salmoides N/A N/A 
Black Crappie marigane noire Pomoxis nigromaculatus N/A N/A
Iowa Darter dard à ventre jaune Etheostoma exile N/A  N/A 
Fantail Darter dard barré Etheostoma flabellare N/A N/A
Johnny Darter raseux-de-terre noir Etheostoma nigrum N/A  N/A
Tessellated Darter raseux-de-terre gris Etheostoma olmstedi N/A N/A
Yellow Perch perchaude Perca flavescens N/A  N/A
Logperch fouille-roche zébré Percina caprodes N/A N/A 
Sauger doré noir Sander canadensis N/A  N/A
Walleye doré jaune Sander vitreus N/A N/A
Freshwater Drum malachigan Aplodinotus grunniens N/A N/A

Based primarily on occurrence data from Brian Coad (http://www.briancoad.com/NCR/ContentsNCR.htm)

Oscar and pacu/piranha also reported from Rideau Canal (released aquarium fish).

Tilapia reported from a City stormwater management pond in 2011.

Birds

Nomenclature Species at Risk Species Characteristics
Common Name (English) Common Name (French) Scientific Name Ontario (ESA, 2007) Canada (SARA) Nest Location Interior/Edge Area Sensitive Preferred Breeding Habitat
Common Loon plongeon huard Gavia immer N/A N/A Ground N/A X OW, W, S
Pied-billed Grebe grèbe à bec bigarré Podilymbus podiceps N/A N/A Floating N/A X OW, W, S
Double-crested Cormorant cormoran à aigrettes Phalacrocorax auritus N/A N/A Ground / Tree N/A N/A OW, W
American Bittern butor d'Amérique Botaurus lentiginosus N/A N/A Vegetation N/A X W, S
Least Bittern petit blongios Ixobrychus exilis THR THR Vegetation N/A X W, OW, S
Great Blue Heron grand héron Ardea herodias N/A N/A Tree N/A N/A W, S, Fe
Green Heron héron vert Butorides virescens N/A N/A Tree N/A N/A W, S, Fe
Black-crowned Night-heron bihoreau gris Nycticorax nycticorax N/A N/A Tree N/A X W, S
Turkey Vulture urubu à tête rouge Cathartes aura N/A N/A Ground N/A X W, T, F, Fe, C
Canada Goose bernache du Canada Branta canadensis N/A N/A Ground N/A N/A W, OW, S, G, P
Wood Duck canard branchu Aix sponsa N/A N/A Cavity N/A X W, OW, S, F, Fe
Gadwall canard chipeau Anas strepera N/A N/A Ground N/A X W, OW, S, G
American Wigeon canard d'Amérique Anas americana N/A N/A Ground N/A X W, OW, S
American Black Duck canard noir Anas rubripes N/A N/A Ground N/A X W, OW, S, G, Fe
Mallard canard colvert Anas platyrhynchos N/A N/A Ground N/A N/A W, OW, S, G, P
Blue-winged Teal sarcelle à ailes bleues Anas discors N/A N/A Ground N/A X W, OW, S, G, T
Northern Shoveler canard souchet Anas clypeata N/A N/A Ground N/A U W, OW, S, G
Northern Pintail canard pilet Anas acuta N/A N/A Ground N/A X W, S
American Green-winged Teal sarcelle d'hiver Anas crecca N/A N/A Ground N/A N/A W, OW, S
Ring-necked Duck fuligule à collier Aythya collaris N/A N/A Ground N/A X W, OW, S
Lesser Scaup petit fuligule Aythya affinis N/A N/A Ground N/A X W, OW, S
Hooded Merganser harle couronné Lophodytes cucullatus N/A N/A Cavity N/A X W, OW, S, F, Fe
Common Merganser grand harle Mergus merganser N/A N/A Cavity N/A N/A OW, W, S, F, Fe, C
Ruddy Duck érismature rousse Oxyura jamaicensis N/A N/A Ground N/A U W, P
Osprey balbuzard pêcheur Pandion haliaetus N/A N/A Structure I/E X OW, W
Bald Eagle pygargue à tête blanche Haliaeetus leucocephalus SC N/A Tree N/A N/A OW, F, Fe
Northern Harrier busard Saint-Martin Circus cyaneus N/A N/A Ground N/A N/A W, G
Sharp-shinned Hawk épervier brun Accipiter striatus N/A N/A Tree I/E X F, Fe, W, OW
Cooper’s Hawk épervier de Cooper Accipiter cooperii N/A N/A Tree I/E X F, W
Northern Goshawk autour des palombes Accipiter gentilis N/A N/A Tree N/A X F, W, OW
Red-shouldered Hawk buse à épaulettes Buteo lineatus  N/A SC Tree I/E X F, W
Broad-winged Hawk petite buse Buteo platypterus N/A N/A Tree I X F, Fe, T, W, OW, S
Red-tailed Hawk buse à queue rousse Buteo jamaicensis N/A N/A Tree E N/A F, Fe, T, G
American Kestrel crécerelle d'Amérique Falco sparverius N/A N/A Cavity E X G, Fe
Merlin faucon émerillon Falco columbarius N/A N/A Tree N/A N/A Fe, G, P, T, C
Peregrine Falcon faucon pèlerin Falco peregrinus SC SC Structure  N/A U C, OW
Gray Partridge* perdrix grise Perdix perdix N/A N/A Ground N/A U N/A
Ring-necked Pheasant* faisan de chasse Phasianus colchicus N/A N/A Ground N/A N/A N/A
Ruffed Grouse gélinotte huppée Bonasa umbellus N/A N/A Ground I/E X Fe, T
Wild Turkey dindon sauvage Meleagris gallopavo N/A N/A Ground I/E N/A F, Fe, T, G
Yellow Rail râle jaune Coturnicops noveboracensis SC SC Ground  N/A  N/A W
Virginia Rail râle de Virginie Rallus limicola N/A N/A Vegetation N/A X W. OW, S
Sora marouette de Caroline Porzana carolina N/A N/A Vegetation N/A X W. OW, S
Common Moorhen gallinule poule-d'eau Gallinula chloropus N/A N/A Vegetation N/A X W, OW
American Coot foulque d'Amérique Fulica americana N/A N/A Floating N/A X W, OW
Sandhill Crane grue du Canada Grus canadensis N/A N/A Ground N/A N/A W, G
Killdeer pluvier kildir Charadrius vociferus N/A N/A Ground N/A N/A G, P, S, OW
Spotted Sandpiper chevalier grivelé Actitis macularius N/A N/A Ground N/A X W, OW, S, G, P
Upland Sandpiper maubèche des champs Bartramia longicauda N/A N/A Ground N/A X G
Wilson’s Snipe bécassine de Wilson Gallinago delicata N/A N/A Ground N/A X W, T, G, S, OW
American Woodcock bécasse d'Amérique Scolopax minor N/A N/A Ground E N/A Fe, T, W, S
Wilson's Phalarope phalarope de Wilson Phalaropus tricolor N/A N/A Ground N/A N/A W. OW, S
Ring-billed Gull goéland à bec cerclé Larus delawarensis N/A N/A Ground N/A N/A OW, W, S, P
Herring Gull goéland argenté Larus argentatus N/A N/A Ground N/A N/A OW, W, S, P, C
Common Tern sterne pierregarin Sterna hirundo N/A N/A Ground N/A N/A S, OW, W
Black Tern guifette noire Chlidonias niger SC  N/A Floating  N/A X W, OW, S, G
Rock Pigeon pigeon biset Columba livia N/A N/A Structure N/A U N/A
Mourning Dove tourterelle triste Zenaida macroura N/A N/A Tree E N/A Fe, T, P
Black-billed Cuckoo coulicou à bec noir Coccyzus erythropthalmus N/A N/A Tree E X T, Fe, W
Yellow-billed Cuckoo coulicou à bec jaune Coccyzus americanus N/A N/A Tree N/A N/A Fe, T, P, G
Eastern Screech-Owl petit-duc maculé Megascops asio N/A N/A Cavity N/A N/A F, Fe, W, P
Great Horned Owl grand-duc d'Amérique Bubo virginianus N/A N/A Tree  N/A N/A F, Fe, W, T, G
Barred Owl chouette rayée Strix varia N/A N/A Cavity I X F, W, OW
Long-eared Owl hibou moyen-duc Asio otus N/A N/A Tree N/A X F, W
Short-eared Owl hibou des marais Asio flammeus SC SC Ground  N/A  N/A W, G
Northern Saw-whet Owl petite nyctale Aegolius acadicus N/A N/A Cavity N/A X F, Fe, P
Common Nighthawk Engoulevent d'Amérique Chordeiles minor SC THR Ground  N/A X G, P, T, Fe
Whip-poor-will Engoulevent bois-pourri Caprimulgus vociferus THR THR Ground  N/A X F, Fe, T, G
Chimney Swift martinet ramoneur Chaetura pelagica THR THR Structure  N/A  N/A F, Fe, P. G, C, OW
Ruby-throated Hummingbird colibri à gorge rubis Archilochus colubris N/A N/A Tree E X Fe, T, W, P, OW
Belted Kingfisher martin-pêcheur d'Amérique Megaceryle alcyon N/A N/A Burrow N/A N/A OW, W
Red-headed Woodpecker pic à tête rouge Melanerpes erythrocephalus SC THR Cavity  N/A  N/A F, Fe, W, P
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker pic maculé Sphyrapicus varius N/A N/A Cavity I/E X F, Fe, T, W
Downy Woodpecker pic mineur Picoides pubescens N/A N/A Cavity I/E N/A F, Fe, T, P, W
Hairy Woodpecker pic chevelu Picoides villosus N/A N/A Cavity I N/A F, Fe, W
Black-backed Woodpecker pic à dos noir Picoides arcticus N/A N/A Cavity N/A N/A F, W, S, OW
Northern Flicker pic flamboyant Colaptes auratus N/A N/A Cavity I/E N/A F, Fe, T, P, W
Pileated Woodpecker grand pic Dryocopus pileatus N/A N/A Cavity I X F, W
Olive-sided Flycatcher moucherolle à côtés olive Contopus cooperi SC THR Tree I X Fe, W, S, OW
Eastern Wood-Pewee pioui de l'Est Contopus virens SC SC Tree I/E N/A F, Fe, T, P, W
Yellow-bellied Flycatcher moucherolle à ventre jaune Empidonax flaviventris N/A N/A Ground N/A X Fe, T, W, S, C
Alder Flycatcher moucherolle des aulnes Empidonax alnorum N/A N/A Shrub E X Fe, T, W, S
Willow Flycatcher moucherolle des saules Empidonax traillii N/A N/A Shrub N/A N/A Fe, T
Least Flycatcher moucherolle tchébec Empidonax minimus N/A N/A Tree E N/A Fe, T, W
Eastern Phoebe moucherolle phébi Sayornis phoebe N/A N/A Structure I/E X P, F, Fe, S, C, OW
Great Crested Flycatcher tyran huppé Myiarchus crinitus N/A N/A Cavity I/E N/A Fe, F, T, W
Eastern Kingbird tyran tritri Tyrannus tyrannus N/A N/A Tree E X Fe, T, G, W, S
Loggerhead Shrike pie-grièche migratrice Lanius ludovicianus END END Tree  N/A X G
Yellow-throated Vireo viréo à gorge jaune Vireo flavifrons N/A N/A Tree I/E N/A F, Fe, T ,W
Blue-headed (Solitary) Vireo viréo à tête bleue Vireo solitarius N/A N/A Tree N/A X F, W, T
Warbling Vireo viréo mélodieux Vireo gilvus N/A N/A Tree E N/A F, Fe, W, T, S, P
Philadelphia Vireo viréo de Philadelphie Vireo philadelphicus N/A N/A Tree N/A N/A Fe, T, W, S
Red-eyed Vireo viréo aux yeux rouges Vireo olivaceus N/A N/A Tree I/E N/A T, F
Blue Jay geai bleu Cyanocitta cristata N/A N/A Tree I/E N/A F, Fe, T, P, W, S
American Crow corneille d'Amérique Corvus brachyrhynchos N/A N/A Tree E N/A Fe, T, P, F, W, S, G
Common Raven grand corbeau Corvus corax N/A N/A Structure I X F, W, C
Horned Lark alouette hausse-col Eremophila alpestris N/A N/A Ground N/A X G, S
Purple Martin hirondelle noire Progne subis N/A N/A Cavity N/A X P. Fe, W, S, C, OW
Tree Swallow hirondelle bicolore Tachycineta bicolor N/A N/A Cavity E N/A Fe, P, W, S, G, OW
Northern Rough-winged Swallow hirondelle à ailes hérissées Stelgidopteryx serripennis N/A N/A Burrow N/A X S, C, OW
Bank Swallow hirondelle de rivage Riparia riparia THR THR Burrow N/A X S, C, OW
Cliff Swallow hirondelle à front blanc Petrochelidon pyrrhonota N/A N/A Structure N/A X C
Barn Swallow hirondelle rustique Hirundo rustica

THR

THR Structure  N/A X G, C, Fe, S, W, OW
Black-capped Chickadee mésange à tête noire Poecile atricapillus N/A N/A Cavity I/E N/A F, Fe, T, W, S
Red-breasted Nuthatch sittelle à poitrine rousse Sitta canadensis N/A N/A Cavity I X F, Fe, W
White-breasted Nuthatch sittelle à poitrine blanche Sitta carolinensis N/A N/A Cavity I N/A F, Fe, P
Brown Creeper grimpereau brun Certhia americana N/A N/A Tree I X F, Fe, W, OW
Carolina Wren troglodyte de Caroline Thryothorus ludovicianus N/A N/A Cavity N/A N/A T, S, Fe, P
House Wren troglodyte familier Troglodytes aedon N/A N/A Cavity E N/A Fe, T, W, P
Winter Wren troglodyte mignon Troglodytes troglodytes N/A N/A Cavity I X F, W, T, S, Fe
Sedge Wren troglodyte à bec court Cistothorus platensis N/A N/A Vegetation N/A X W, G
Marsh Wren troglodyte des marais Cistothorus palustris N/A N/A Vegetation N/A X W, S, OW
Golden-crowned Kinglet roitelet à couronne dorée Regulus satrapa N/A N/A Tree I X F, W
Ruby-crowned Kinglet roitelet à couronne rubis Regulus calendula N/A N/A Tree N/A X F, Fe, T, W
Blue-gray Gnatcatcher gobemoucheron gris-bleu Polioptila caerulea N/A N/A Tree N/A N/A F, Fe, W, T, S
Eastern Bluebird merlebleu de l'Est Sialia sialis N/A N/A Cavity E X G, P, Fe, W
Veery grive fauve Catharus fuscescens N/A N/A Ground I X T, Fe, W
Swainson’s Thrush grive à dos olive Catharus ustulatus N/A N/A Shrub N/A X F, W, S, Fe
Hermit Thrush grive solitaire Catharus guttatus N/A N/A Ground I X F, T, W, Fe
Wood Thrush grive des bois Hylocichla mustelina SC THR Tree I/E N/A F, T, Fe
American Robin merle d'Amérique Turdus migratorius N/A N/A Tree E N/A P, Fe, T, F, W, S
Gray Catbird moqueur chat Dumetella carolinensis N/A N/A Shrub I/E N/A P, Fe, T, S, W
Northern Mockingbird moqueur polyglotte Mimus polyglottos N/A N/A Shrub E X P, Fe, T
Brown Thrasher moqueur roux Toxostoma rufum N/A N/A Shrub E X Fe, T
European Starling* étourneau sansonnet Sturnus vulgaris N/A N/A Cavity E U N/A
Cedar Waxwing jaseur d'Amérique Bombycilla cedrorum N/A N/A Tree E N/A Fe, T, P, S, W
Golden-winged Warbler paruline à ailes dorées Vermivora chrysoptera SC THR Ground  N/A X T, W, Fe
Brewster’s Warbler (Golden/Blue-winged hybrid) paruline de Brewster Vermivora chrysoptera x pinus N/A N/A N/A N/A U N/A
Golden/Blue-winged Warbler (heard) paruline à ailes dorées/bleues Vermivora chrysoptera x pinus N/A N/A N/A N/A U N/A
Nashville Warbler paruline à joues grises Vermivora ruficapilla N/A N/A Ground E X T, W, Fe
Northern Parula paruline à collier Parula americana N/A N/A Tree N/A N/A W, F, Fe
Yellow Warbler paruline jaune Dendroica petechia N/A N/A Shrub E N/A T, W, S, P, G
Chestnut-sided Warbler paruline à flancs marron Dendroica pensylvanica N/A N/A Shrub E X T, Fe
Magnolia Warbler paruline à tête cendrée Dendroica magnolia N/A N/A Tree I X T, Fe, F, W
Cape May Warbler paruline tigrée Dendroica tigrina N/A N/A Tree N/A N/A Fe, F
Black-throated Blue Warbler paruline bleue à gorge noire Dendroica caerulescens N/A N/A Shrub I X T, F, W, Fe
Yellow-rumped Warbler paruline à croupion jaune Dendroica coronata N/A N/A Tree I X F, Fe, T, W
Black-throated Green Warbler paruline à gorge noire Dendroica virens N/A N/A Tree I X F, Fe, W
Blackburnian Warbler paruline à gorge orangée Dendroica fusca N/A N/A Tree N/A X F, W, Fe
Pine Warbler paruline des pins Dendroica pinus N/A N/A Tree N/A X F
Palm Warbler paruline à couronne rousse Dendroica palmarum N/A N/A Ground N/A N/A W, Fe
Cerulean Warbler paruline azurée Setophaga cerulea

THR

END

Tree  N/A  N/A F
Black-and-white Warbler paruline noir et blanc Mniotilta varia N/A N/A Ground I X F, Fe, W, T, S
American Redstart paruline flamboyante Setophaga ruticilla N/A N/A Tree I X T, Fe, W
Ovenbird paruline couronnée Seiurus aurocapilla N/A N/A Ground I X F, S
Northern Waterthrush paruline des ruisseaux Seiurus noveboracensis N/A N/A Ground I X F, W, S
Mourning Warbler paruline triste Oporornis philadelphia N/A N/A Ground E X T, W, Fe
Common Yellowthroat paruline masquée Geothlypis trichas N/A N/A Shrub I/E N/A W, T, S, Fe
Canada Warbler paruline du Canada Cardellina canadensis SC THR Ground I X F, W
Scarlet Tanager tangara écarlate Piranga olivacea N/A N/A Tree I X F, W, T
Eastern Towhee tohi à flancs roux Pipilo erythrophthalmus N/A N/A Ground I/E X Fe, T
Chipping Sparrow bruant familier Spizella passerina N/A N/A Shrub E N/A Fe, T, P, F
Clay-coloured Sparrow bruant des plaines Spizella pallida N/A N/A Shrub N/A X G, T, S
Field Sparrow bruant des champs Spizella pusilla N/A N/A Ground E X G, T, Fe
Vesper Sparrow bruant vespéral Pooecetes gramineus N/A N/A Ground N/A X G
Savannah Sparrow bruant des prés Passerculus sandwichensis N/A N/A Ground N/A X G, W, S
Grasshopper Sparrow bruant sauterelle Ammodramus savannarum SC SC Ground N/A X G
Henslow's Sparrow bruant de Henslow Ammodramus henslowii END END Ground  N/A X G
Le Conte’s Sparrow bruant de Le Conte Ammodramus leconteii N/A N/A Ground N/A N/A G, W, S
Song Sparrow bruant chanteur Melospiza melodia N/A N/A Shrub E N/A T, Fe, P, G, W, S
Lincoln’s Sparrow bruant de Lincoln Melospiza lincolnii N/A N/A Ground N/A N/A W, T, Fe, S
Swamp Sparrow bruant des marais Melospiza georgiana N/A N/A Shrub E X W, S, T
White-throated Sparrow bruant à gorge blanche Zonotrichia albicollis N/A N/A Ground E X Fe, T, W
Dark-eyed Junco junco ardoisé Junco hyemalis N/A N/A Ground N/A X T, Fe
Northern Cardinal cardinal rouge Cardinalis cardinalis N/A N/A Shrub I/E N/A Fe, P, T, W
Rose-breasted Grosbeak cardinal à poitrine rose Pheucticus ludovicianus N/A N/A Tree I/E N/A F, Fe, W, T, P
Indigo Bunting passerin indigo Passerina cyanea N/A N/A Shrub E N/A Fe, T, W, S
Bobolink goglu des prés Dolichonyx oryzivorus

THR

 THR Ground E X G, W
Red-winged Blackbird carouge à épaulettes Agelaius phoeniceus N/A N/A Shrub E N/A W, S, G, P, OW
Eastern Meadowlark sturnelle des prés Sturnella magna

THR

THR Ground  N/A X G
Rusty Blackbird quiscale rouilleux Euphagus carolinus  N/A SC Tree  N/A  N/A Fe, W, T, S, G, OW
Common Grackle quiscale bronzé Quiscalus quiscula N/A N/A Tree E N/A P, G, W, T, Fe, S
Brown-headed Cowbird vacher à tête brune Molothrus ater N/A N/A N/A E X P, Fe, T, G, W, S, F
Baltimore Oriole oriole de Baltimore Icterus galbula N/A N/A Tree E N/A F, T, P, W, Fe, S
Purple Finch roselin pourpré Carpodacus purpureus N/A N/A Tree I/E X F, Fe, P
House Finch roselin familier Carpodacus mexicanus N/A N/A Tree N/A U N/A
Red Crossbill bec-croisé des sapins Loxia curvirostra N/A N/A Tree N/A X F, Fe, W
White-winged Crossbill bec-croisé bifascié Loxia leucoptera N/A N/A Tree N/A N/A F, Fe, W
Pine Siskin tarin des pins Carduelis pinus N/A N/A Tree N/A N/A Fe, T, P
American Goldfinch chardonneret jaune Carduelis tristis N/A N/A Shrub E X Fe, T, P, W, S
Evening Grosbeak gros-bec errant Coccothraustes vespertinus N/A N/A Tree N/A X F, T, P
House Sparrow* moineau domestique Passer domesticus N/A N/A Cavity E U N/A

* denotes an introduced species

Species at Risk (as of November 2017)

SC = Species of Special Concern; THR = Threatened; END = Endangered

Ontario ESA, 2007: http://www.mnr.gov.on.ca/en/Business/Species/2ColumnSubPage/276722.html
SARA: http://www.sararegistry.gc.ca/sar/index/default_e.cfm

Species Characteristics

Nest Location: Derived from information in Birds of Canada (Godfrey, 1966) and All About Birds (Cornell University, http://www.allaboutbirds.org)

Interior/Edge: I = forest interior species, E = forest edge, I/E = forest interior and edge.
Source: Freemark, K. and B. Collins. 1989. Landscape ecology of birds breeding in temperate forest fragments. In: Hagan, J.M. and D.W. Johnston (eds.) 1992. Ecology and Conservation of Neotropical Migrant Landbirds. Smithsonian Institution Press. Washington.

Area Sensitivity: X = area sensitive (i.e., the species is absent when the amount of habitat in a 10km x 10km Atlas square falls below some threshold value).
Source: Couturier, A. 1999. Conservation Priorities for the Birds of Southern Ontario. Bird Studies Canada. Port Rowan, ON.

Preferred Breeding Habitat: C = cliffs/slopes/ravines; F = forest; Fe = forest edge; G = grasslands; OW = open water; P = parklands/settlement areas; S = shorelines; T = thickets; W = wetlands.
Source: Table G-3, Appendix G of the Significant Wildlife Habitat Technical Guide, MNR (2000).