What is graffiti?
Graffiti is the etching, painting, or placing of a mark on public or private property.
When graffiti is placed on public or private property without permission, it is considered vandalism.
What about urban art?
Graffiti is also the name for a specific style of street art that is part of traditional and modern hip-hop culture, often referred to as urban art. Public and urban art play an important role in our community and can contribute to community pride and beautification. By encouraging residents to place art legally in public and private areas, we can maintain the integrity and the beauty of our city. Legal walls, community art programs and mural opportunities are available across the City to support artists and creative expression.
Check out some of these local programs and opportunities:
- Ottawa School of Art
- House of Paint
- Legal graffiti walls
What are Legal Graffiti Walls?
A legal graffiti wall otherwise known as a “free space” is an area where graffiti is permitted and encouraged.
The City of Ottawa currently has 3 legal graffiti walls at the following locations:
- Underside of the Dunbar Bridge – 1301 Bronson Avenue
- Albert Street Education Centre Retaining Wall – 422 Slater Street
- Bob MacQuarrie Recreation Complex-Orléans – 1490 Youville Drive
Goals of the Graffiti Management Strategy
The overall goal of the Graffiti Management Strategy is to have a safe and clean city that we call all be proud of. The City is working to support this goal with a commitment to:
- Remove problem graffiti as quickly as possible
- Provide easy reporting options for problem graffiti
- Increase community capacity to manage problem graffiti
- Enhance civic pride and prosperity for residents and businesses
- Support residents and businesses with appropriate tools and resources
- Involve residents, youth, community organizations, artists and businesses as partners
- Adopt best practices and research-based solutions
Working together to prevent problem graffiti
The City of Ottawa and the Ottawa Police Service are committed to dealing with graffiti vandalism and strive to provide a clean, vibrant, safe and welcoming community for all residents, businesses and visitors.
In partnership with the Ottawa Police Service and community leaders; the City follows the 4E model of graffiti management:
- Education – Raising awareness in the community about the negative impact and costs associated with problem graffiti and about the importance of prevention and rapid removal.
- Empowerment - Maximizing available resources and relationships and encouraging property owners to take a key role in deterring problem graffiti.
- Eradication - Removing problem graffiti quickly and efficiently and encouraging timely reporting of graffiti.
- Enforcement - Applying municipal and other relevant laws when necessary, including the Graffiti Management By-law.
To deter graffiti vandals and prevent graffiti from occurring or recurring on your property, there are some simple methods that you can use.
- Work with community artists to commission a mural on a persistently targeted wall.
- Remove problem graffiti as soon as it appears. The faster problem graffiti is removed, the less desirable your property becomes to vandals.
- Plant vines, shrubs or thorny plants to limit access to walls.
- Move vehicles, dumpsters and other items away from walls and cover pipes to prevent access to the roof or upper levels of a building.
- Consider applying a special coating to protect surfaces from potential damage caused by graffiti removal.
- Design and build structures that are not attractive targets for vandals. Avoid large, smooth and light coloured surfaces.
- Use fences and other barriers to discourage through traffic near your home or business.
Graffiti Management By-law
The City of Ottawa’s Graffiti Management By-law was enacted in January 2008. The By-law requires that property within the City of Ottawa remain free of graffiti.
- The law is clear – placing graffiti on public or private property is a violation. Under the By-law, graffiti vandals can now face fines of $610 including victim surcharge.
The City of Ottawa’s Graffiti Management By-law requires that all property within the City of Ottawa remain free of graffiti, with the exception of any area designated as a “legal graffiti wall”.
Property owners who choose not to remove graffiti in a timely manner will receive written Notice requiring compliance. A minimum of seven (7) days will be given to comply. If a property owner chooses not to comply with the Notice, contractors may be hired by the city to remove the graffiti. Associated costs will be added to the property owners’ municipal tax bill.